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    Title: 台韓居民參與型壁畫村之比較-以韓國甘川文化村與台灣喜樹社區為例
    A comparison of the residents participation type mural village between Taiwan and South Korea - Based on Gamcheon Culture Village in Korea and Sishu Community in Taiwan
    Authors: 劉家伶
    Liou, Jia-Ling
    Contributors: 郭秋雯
    劉家伶
    Liou, Jia-Ling
    Keywords: 居民參與
    壁畫村
    彩繪村
    甘川文化村
    喜樹社區
    Resident participation
    Mural Village
    Gamcheon Culture Village
    Sishu Community
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-07-01 11:07:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2008年台中彩虹眷村爆紅後,台灣各地出現許多壁畫村或彩繪村,它們帶來觀光效益或改善居家環境,卻也導致許多問題,例如:壁畫主題與當地格格不入或遊客影響居民生活等,這讓大家開始思考一味追隨流行,建造壁畫村是否能引起關注或得到居民支持,或是就此失去自身特色淪為複製品,甚至引起居民反感。本研究認為壁畫村之成功案例應為居民充分參與社區事務,決定壁畫村之走向與發展,自願維護藝術作品,並促使外界更認識社區,內部則更有凝聚力與產生自豪感,但仍維持良好的生活品質。因此,本研究目的為藉由瞭解台韓居民參與型壁畫村案例之建造過程,導出「壁畫村打造過程模型」,再套入案例中以檢視並比較兩者之異同,最後給予建議。本研究所指的「居民參與型壁畫村」為由政府發起計畫,並招募藝術團體或藝術家進駐,加上居民積極參與之壁畫村。
    甘川文化村以韓國的聖托里尼、馬丘比丘聞名,其擁有梯田地形與獨特景觀,及各種壁畫與裝置藝術,從一個落後的小村莊,搖身一變成為釜山代表性觀光景點之一。甘川洞原位處山脊,在地理位置與地形的限制下,無法進行都市更新,因此於2009年以保存與再生為宗旨,由《Art Factory in多大浦》藝術團體主導,參與文化體育觀光部主辦之村莊美術計畫。又於2010年參與內容融合型觀光協力事業,奠定地方政府、藝術家與居民之間的「概括式協力策略關係」,以協議方式共同參與和決策。由居民協議會主導後續營運與維護,並制定《釜山廣域市沙下區甘川文化村建立與社區共同體支援等相關條例》。2012年與2016年再次參與村莊美術計畫之雙倍快樂計畫,成功轉型為文化村,吸引國內外觀光客,亦為世界各地政府都市再生標竿學習之對象。
    喜樹社區位於台南市南區,區公所於2015年獲得環保署「營造友善城鄉環境計畫」補助,協助喜樹社區改造成壁畫村,由文創團隊與大學進駐,透過社區課程培養居民藝術涵養,共同完成壁畫與藝術作品、布置社區環境等,不僅開發喜樹特色的文創商品,更定期舉辦文創市集,因而受到媒體報導引起關注。喜樹社區因道路交通的阻礙與工作結構的改變等原因,導致人口外移、社區沒落,因而希望透過環保署計畫補助進行社區再造,由台南市南區區公所、文創團隊互動策略設計公司與台南應用科技大學等外來團體,帶動包含吳郭魚藝文工作室、萬皇宮、喜樹國小、喜南里等內部團體,參與壁畫村執行過程中,各團體皆奉獻心力於社區。
    Many mural villages appeared in Taiwan after the Rainbow Village in Taichung went viral in 2008. They brought tourism benefits or improved the home environment, but they also caused many problems, such as the mural theme is incompatible with the local area or the tourists affect the residents' life. This allows everyone to start thinking about whether to follow the fashion, whether the mural village can attract attention or get support from the residents, or lose its own characteristics, and even cause residents to resent. This study believes that the successful case of mural village should be the residents' full participation in community affairs, residents determine the direction and development of the mural village, voluntarily maintain the works of art, and promote the external world to better know the community, the internal should be more cohesive and proud, but still maintain a good quality of life. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to derive the “Building Mural Village Process Model” by understanding the construction process of the resident participation type mural village between Taiwan and South Korea, and then insert it into the cases to examine and compare the similarities and differences, and finally give recommendations. The “Resident Participation Type Mural Village” referred to in this study is the mural village that initiated by government project, recruits art groups or artist-in-residence, and residents' active participation.
    Known as South Korea's Santorini or Machu Picchu, Gamcheon Culture Village has terraced terrain and unique landscapes, as well as a variety of murals and installation arts. From a backward small village, it has become one of the representative sightseeing spots in Busan. Gamcheon-dong is in the ridge of mountain, it is impossible to carry out urban renewal under the restriction of geographical location and terrain. Therefore, with the aim of preservation and regeneration, it participated in Maeulmisul Project sponsored by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism in 2009, and was led by an art group called “Art Factory in dadaepo”. In 2010, it participated in “Contents Fusion Tourism Cooperation Business”, and established a “Comprehensive Cooperative Strategic Relationship” between local governments, artists and residents, and they participate in and make decisions through agreement. The follow-up operation and maintenance are led by the Residents' Association, and formulated the relevant regulations for the establishment of the culture village and the support of the community. In 2012 and 2016, it participated in “Double the Joy Project” of Maeulmisul Project again, and successfully transformed into a cultural village, attracting domestic and foreign tourists, and also being the object of learning for urban regeneration standards around the world of governments.
    Sishu Community is located in the South District of Tainan City. In 2015, the South District Office received the subsidy from the Environmental Protection Administration for “Building a Friendly Urban and Rural Environmental Project” to assist the Sishu Community to be transformed into a mural village. The cultural and creative team and university stationed into the community and cultivate residents' artistic quality through community courses, co-finishing murals and works of art, arranging community environments with residents. They not only design cultural and creative goods with the characteristics of Sishu, but also regularly hold cultural and creative market, that is why Sishu Community has attracted attention from media reports. Due to the obstacles of road traffic and the change of work structure, Sishu Community has led to the population emigration and the community decline. Therefore, it hoped that the community will be re-created through the EPA's project subsidy. The external groups such as South District Office, Tainan City and the cultural and creative team, Tainan University of Technology guided internal groups including Wu Kuoyu Art Studio, Wan Hwang Palace, Sishu Elementary School, and Xinan Village, during the implementation of the mural village; all groups have dedicated their efforts to the community.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    韓國語文學系
    104557006
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104557006
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.KLC.002.2019.A09
    Appears in Collections:[韓國語文學系] 學位論文

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