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    Title: 國際法會及其歷史之初探(1912-1916)
    A Preliminary Study of The International Law Association and Its History (1912-1916)
    Authors: 馮先祥
    Feng, John Hsien-Hsiang
    Contributors: 國立政治大學歷史學報
    Keywords: 國際法會;陸徵祥;張謇;第三次海牙保和會;威斯特伐利亞;國際法與文明
    The International Law Association;Lu Zhengxiang;Zhang Jian;The Third Hague Peace Conference;Westphalia;international law and civilization
    Date: 2019-05
    Issue Date: 2019-07-18 11:19:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 曇花一現的國際法會成立於1912年秋天,其創立歸功於陸徵祥的理念與張謇的熱誠。這個學會的成立初衷是推動國際法,並且幫助中國準備第三次海牙保和會。保和會原訂1915年召開,卻因第一次世界大戰的爆發而取消。為使中國進一步文明化而與西方國家比肩而立,這個學會也企圖移植、督促中國接受威斯特伐利亞國際法體系背後語境、思想觀念、以及行為規範等等。然而,其創始會員並非學有專精的國際法學家,在知識上有侷限性,且在政治上傾向進步黨。國際法會混淆專業化與文明化目標,無法達到陸徵祥的期待。虎頭蛇尾,不了了之。探討這次不成功的嘗試促使我們重新思考從晚清到民國的國際法發展之延續和轉折。
    The short-lived International Law Association was founded in autumn 1912. Its birth was indebted to Lu Zhengxiang's idealism and Zhang Jian's wholeheartedness. The original intention was to promote international law and prepare for the Third Hague Peace Conference that was scheduled for 1915 but cancelled due to the outbreak of the First World War. The association also had an ambition to transplant the discourses, ideas, and behaviour codes that were regarded to comply with the Westphalian international law system, so that China could be seen "civilized" on a par with its Western counterparts. The founding members, however, were by no means experts of international law. Their knowledge was insufficient from the perspective of disciplinary professionalism. Politically, they were inclined to the Progressive Party (Jinbu dang). The International Law Association failed to distinguish its professional goal from a civilizing mission; as a result, it could barely accomplish what Lu Zhengxiang expected. It had a remarkable start but vanished in silence with no substantial achievement. A discussion of such an unsuccessful attempt urges us to rethink the continuity and changes in the development of international law from late Qing to the Republican era.
    Relation: 國立政治大學歷史學報, 51, 55-81
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/ 10.30383/TJH.201905_(51).0002
    DOI: 10.30383/TJH.201905_(51).0002
    Appears in Collections:[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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