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    Title: 瑪莎.諾曼《晚安,母親》中的家庭權力與反抗
    Domestic power and resistance in Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother
    Authors: 陳彥臻
    Chen, Yen-Chen
    Contributors: 姜翠芬
    Jiang, Tsui-Fen
    陳彥臻
    Chen, Yen-Chen
    Keywords: 瑪莎.諾曼
    《晚安,母親》
    養育
    家庭權力
    父權意識形態
    抵抗
    Marsha Norman
    ’night, Mother
    Mothering
    Domestic power
    Patriarchal ideology
    Resistance
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 15:41:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   在二十世紀,女性依然受到家庭與社會中父權意識形態的壓迫。核心家庭的孤立不僅使其擁有更多隱私,也導致家庭成員與親朋好友們隔離。此外,在父權社會的性別分工之下,女性於職場中通常位居劣勢並被隔離至家庭領域中。因此女性――尤其是母親――被迫負責家務工作與照顧家庭,包括養育孩子的重責大任。依賴科學的養育方法與母親角色的理想化同時造成母親受限於家庭環境與養育孩子過程,並為其所苦。

      本篇論文旨在探討《晚安,母親》中塞爾瑪囿於家庭與養育孩子的過程,受苦的同時也壓迫潔西,但兩人皆反抗父權的壓迫。在獨自撫養患有癲癇的女兒之過程中,塞爾瑪無可避免受到父權意識形態宰制的養育標準所壓迫,最終在這樣的過程裡變得被動消極。為了達成養育孩子的標準,她被迫將附和此標準的特定價值強加於潔西身上,並導致潔西在養育過程中受到傷害。然而,塞爾瑪和潔西或多或少透過顯著或細微的想法與行動反抗壓迫的困境。相較於塞爾瑪只在女兒將自盡的這個夜晚表達對於自己不幸婚姻的真實感受,潔西則透過自身養育孩子時的獨立思考、對於家庭與婚姻的不同態度、甚至是自殺的最終手段,持續反抗父權意識形態並奪回自主權。
    In the twentieth century, women are still oppressed by patriarchal ideology in the family and in society. The isolation of nuclear family not only leads to more privacy in the family but also makes family members isolated from their relatives and friends. In addition, under the sexual division of labor, women are usually disadvantaged in workplace and segregated into the domestic sphere in the patriarchal society. As a result, women, especially mothers, are forced to be responsible for the domestic work and taking care of the family, especially childrearing. At the same time, the scientific ways of mothering and the idealization of mother’s role influence mother, and therefore she suffers from the confined domestic environment and the process of mothering.

    This thesis argues that in ’night, Mother, Thelma is victimized in such restricted condition in the family and her mothering process, and her suffering eventually leads to Jessie’s oppression, but both of them also fight against the patriarchal oppression. During the process of raising her epileptic daughter alone, Jessie, Thelma is inevitably oppressed by the standard of mothering reinforced by the patriarchal ideology and eventually passively engaged in the process of mothering. In order to reach the standard, she is compelled to impose certain values upon Jessie, who consequently suffers from Thelma’s damaging mothering. However, to a greater or lesser extent both Thelma and Jessie resist the repressive predicament through minor or significant thoughts and actions. While Thelma only expresses her true feeling towards her unhappy marriage that night, Jessie has endeavored to fight against the patriarchal ideology through her independent thinking revealed in mothering, her attitudes towards family and marriage, and her ultimate action of obtaining her autonomy by committing suicide.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    102551008
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102551008
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900438
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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