English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 93779/124227 (75%)
Visitors : 28880007      Online Users : 567
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/124615

    Title: 瑪莎.諾曼《晚安,母親》中的家庭權力與反抗
    Domestic power and resistance in Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother
    Authors: 陳彥臻
    Chen, Yen-Chen
    Contributors: 姜翠芬
    Jiang, Tsui-Fen
    Chen, Yen-Chen
    Keywords: 瑪莎.諾曼
    Marsha Norman
    ’night, Mother
    Domestic power
    Patriarchal ideology
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 15:41:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   在二十世紀,女性依然受到家庭與社會中父權意識形態的壓迫。核心家庭的孤立不僅使其擁有更多隱私,也導致家庭成員與親朋好友們隔離。此外,在父權社會的性別分工之下,女性於職場中通常位居劣勢並被隔離至家庭領域中。因此女性――尤其是母親――被迫負責家務工作與照顧家庭,包括養育孩子的重責大任。依賴科學的養育方法與母親角色的理想化同時造成母親受限於家庭環境與養育孩子過程,並為其所苦。

    In the twentieth century, women are still oppressed by patriarchal ideology in the family and in society. The isolation of nuclear family not only leads to more privacy in the family but also makes family members isolated from their relatives and friends. In addition, under the sexual division of labor, women are usually disadvantaged in workplace and segregated into the domestic sphere in the patriarchal society. As a result, women, especially mothers, are forced to be responsible for the domestic work and taking care of the family, especially childrearing. At the same time, the scientific ways of mothering and the idealization of mother’s role influence mother, and therefore she suffers from the confined domestic environment and the process of mothering.

    This thesis argues that in ’night, Mother, Thelma is victimized in such restricted condition in the family and her mothering process, and her suffering eventually leads to Jessie’s oppression, but both of them also fight against the patriarchal oppression. During the process of raising her epileptic daughter alone, Jessie, Thelma is inevitably oppressed by the standard of mothering reinforced by the patriarchal ideology and eventually passively engaged in the process of mothering. In order to reach the standard, she is compelled to impose certain values upon Jessie, who consequently suffers from Thelma’s damaging mothering. However, to a greater or lesser extent both Thelma and Jessie resist the repressive predicament through minor or significant thoughts and actions. While Thelma only expresses her true feeling towards her unhappy marriage that night, Jessie has endeavored to fight against the patriarchal ideology through her independent thinking revealed in mothering, her attitudes towards family and marriage, and her ultimate action of obtaining her autonomy by committing suicide.
    Reference: Works Cited
    Adams, Bert N. The Family, a Sociological Interpretation. 3rd ed., Houghton Mifflin, 1980.
    Apple, Rima D.. “Constructing Mothers: Scientific Motherhood in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.” American Families Past and Present: Social Perspectives on Transformations, edited by Susan M. Ross, Rutgers UP, 2006, pp. 191-207.
    Beauvoir, Simon de. The Second Sex. Translated by H. M. Parshley, Vintage Books, 1989.
    Browder, Sally. “‘I Thought You Were Mine’: Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother.” Mother Puzzles: Daughters and Mothers in Contemporary American Literature, edited by Mickey Pearlman, Greenwood, 1989, pp. 109-13.
    Brown, Linda Ginger. “A Place at the Table: Hunger as Metaphor in Lillian Hellman’s Days to Come and Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother.” Marsha Norman: A Casebook, edited by Linda Ginter Brown, Garland, 1996, pp. 63-85.
    Burke, Sally. “Precursor and Protégé: Lillian Hellman and Marsha Norman.” Southern Women Playwrights—New Essays in Literary History and Criticism, edited by Robert L. McDonald and Linda Rohrer Paige, Alabama UP, 2002, pp. 103-23.
    Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. U of California P, 1978.
    Chodorow, Nancy and Susan Contratto. “The Fantasy of the Perfect Mother.” Rethinking the Family: Some Feminist Questions, edited by Barrie Thorne and Marilyn Yalom, Longman, 1982, pp. 54-75.
    Dally, Ann G. Inventing Motherhood: the Consequences of an Ideal. Burnett Books, 1982.
    Degler, Carl N. “The Emergence of the Modern American Family.” The American Family in Social-Historical Perspective, edited by Michael Gordon, 3rd ed., St. Martin’s P, 1983, pp. 61-79.
    del Mar, David Peterson. The American Family: from Obligation to Freedom. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
    Delphy, Christine. Close to Home: A Materialist Analysis of Women’s Oppression. U of Massachusetts P, 1984.
    Delphy, Christine and Diana Leonard. Familiar Exploitation: A New Analysis of Marriage in Contemporary Western Societies. Polity P, 1992.
    Demastes, William W.. “Jessie and Thelma Revisited: Marsha Norman’s Conceptual Challenge in ‘night, Mother.” Modern Drama, vol. 36, no. 1, 1993, pp. 109-19.
    “family, n. and adj.” OED Online, Oxford UP, June 2019, www.oed.com/view/Entry/67975. Accessed 29 June 2019.
    “father, v.” OED Online, Oxford UP, June 2019, www.oed.com/view/Entry/68499. Accessed 29 June 2019.
    Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. Translated by Robert Hurley, vol. 1, Pantheon Books, 1978.
    Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th Anniversary ed., Continuum, 2000.
    Goffman, Erving. Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Penguin Books, 1968.
    Grantley, Darryll. “Marsha Norman.” American Drama. Edited by Clive Bloom, St. Martin’s, 1995.
    Irigaray, Luce, and Hélène Vivienne Wenzel. “And the One Doesn't Stir without the Other.” Signs, vol. 7, no. 1, 1981, pp. 60–67. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3173507.
    Jaggar, Alison M.. Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Rowman & Littlefield, 1983.
    Kane, Leslie. “The Way out, the Way in: Paths to Self in the Plays of Marsha Norman.” Feminine Focus: The New Women Playwrights. Edited by Enoch Brater, Oxford UP, 1989, pp. 255-74.
    Kintz, Linda. The Subject’s Tragedy: Political Poetics, Feminist Theory, and Drama. Michigan UP, 1992.
    Kundert-Gibbs, John. “Revolving It All: Mother-Daughter Pairs in Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother and Samuel Beckett’s Footfalls.” Marsha Norman: A Casebook, edited by Linda Ginter Brown, Garland, 1996, pp. 47-62.
    Miller, Jordan Y., editor. The Heath Introduction to Drama. 5th ed., D. C. Heath, 1996.
    “mother, v.1.” OED Online, Oxford UP, June 2019, www.oed.com/view/Entry/122642. Accessed 29 June 2019.
    Norman, Marsha. ’night, Mother. Dramatists Play Service, 1983.
    “oppression, n.” OED Online, Oxford UP, June 2019, www.oed.com/view/Entry/132008. Accessed 29 June 2019.
    Paige, Linda Rohrer. “‘Off the Porch and into the Scene’: Southern Women Playwrights Beth Henley, Marsha Norman, Rebecca Gilman, and Jane Martin.” A Companion to Twentieth-Century American Drama, edited by. David Krasner, Blackwell, 2005, pp. 388-405.
    Ruddick, Sara. “Maternal Thinking.” Rethinking the Family: Some Feminist Questions, edited by Barrie Thorne and Marilyn Yalom, Longman, 1982, pp. 76-94.
    Savran, David. “Marsha Norman.” In their Own Words—Contemporary American Playwrights, Theatre Communications Group, 1988, pp. 178-92.
    Spencer, Jenny S.. “Marsha Norman’s She-tragedies.” Making a Spectacle: Feminist Essays on Contemporary Women’s Theatre, edited by Lynda Hart, U of Michigan P, 1989, pp. 147-65.
    ---. “Norman’s ’night, Mother: Psycho-drama of Female Identity.” Modern Drama, vol. 30, no. 3, 1987, pp. 364-75.
    Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors. Picador, 1990.
    Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Translated by Talcott Parsons, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1958.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102551008
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900438
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    100801.pdf561KbAdobe PDF0View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback