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Domestic power and resistance in Marsha Norman’s ’night, Mother
|Issue Date: ||2019-08-07 15:41:55 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: || 在二十世紀，女性依然受到家庭與社會中父權意識形態的壓迫。核心家庭的孤立不僅使其擁有更多隱私，也導致家庭成員與親朋好友們隔離。此外，在父權社會的性別分工之下，女性於職場中通常位居劣勢並被隔離至家庭領域中。因此女性――尤其是母親――被迫負責家務工作與照顧家庭，包括養育孩子的重責大任。依賴科學的養育方法與母親角色的理想化同時造成母親受限於家庭環境與養育孩子過程，並為其所苦。|
In the twentieth century, women are still oppressed by patriarchal ideology in the family and in society. The isolation of nuclear family not only leads to more privacy in the family but also makes family members isolated from their relatives and friends. In addition, under the sexual division of labor, women are usually disadvantaged in workplace and segregated into the domestic sphere in the patriarchal society. As a result, women, especially mothers, are forced to be responsible for the domestic work and taking care of the family, especially childrearing. At the same time, the scientific ways of mothering and the idealization of mother’s role influence mother, and therefore she suffers from the confined domestic environment and the process of mothering.
This thesis argues that in ’night, Mother, Thelma is victimized in such restricted condition in the family and her mothering process, and her suffering eventually leads to Jessie’s oppression, but both of them also fight against the patriarchal oppression. During the process of raising her epileptic daughter alone, Jessie, Thelma is inevitably oppressed by the standard of mothering reinforced by the patriarchal ideology and eventually passively engaged in the process of mothering. In order to reach the standard, she is compelled to impose certain values upon Jessie, who consequently suffers from Thelma’s damaging mothering. However, to a greater or lesser extent both Thelma and Jessie resist the repressive predicament through minor or significant thoughts and actions. While Thelma only expresses her true feeling towards her unhappy marriage that night, Jessie has endeavored to fight against the patriarchal ideology through her independent thinking revealed in mothering, her attitudes towards family and marriage, and her ultimate action of obtaining her autonomy by committing suicide.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102551008|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[英國語文學系] 學位論文|
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