Radiologists likely incorrectly classify benign masses as Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) category 3. A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system was developed in this study as a second viewer to avoid misclassification of carcinomas. Sixty-nine biopsy-proven BI-RADS category 3 masses, including 21 malignant and 48 benign masses, were used to evaluate the CAD system. To improve the texture features, gray-scale variations between images were reduced by transforming pixels into intensity-invariant ranklet coefficients. The textures of the tumor and speckle pixels were extracted from the transformed ranklet images to provide more robust features than in conventionalCADsystems. As a result, tumor texture and speckle texture with ranklet transformation achieved significantly better areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (Az) compared with those without ranklet transformation (Az = 0.83 vs. 0.58 and Az = 0.80 vs. 0.56, p value <0.05). The improved CAD system can be a second reader to confirm the classification of BI-RADS category 3 masses.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Vol.41, No.7, pp.2039-2048