本研究目的在編製一份適合臺灣大學生使用之生活因應量表，內容分為四個分量表，包括問題取向積極因應、情緒取向積極因應、問題取向消極因應及情緒取向消極因應。首先，以立意抽樣選取214人，經過預試、項目分析、探索性因素分析後，形成正式量表24題；接著，以非隨機分層抽樣選取750人進行正式施測。在信、效度部分，本量表四個分量表之Cronbach’s α係數為 .71～.88，顯示量表具有良好的內部一致性信度；建構效度方面，驗證性因素分析結果指出，整體適配度指標尚稱合宜，顯示整體模式適配情形尚可；再以「生活滿意度」及「人格特質」為效標，發現具良好之同時效度。在背景變項部分，結果發現女大學生較易採取「情緒取向積極因應」方式，男大學生則易於運用「問題取向消極因應」方式。 The main purpose of this study was to develop the “Inventory of College Students’ Life Coping” that included four subscales: problem-focused positive coping, emotion-focused positive coping, problem-focused negative coping, and emotion-focused negative coping. First, four factors were derived from the final 24-item through item analysis and exploratory factor analysis via 214 participants by using purposive sampling in the pretest. Then, the researchers used another 750 participants by using stratified convenience sampling method to conduct confirmatory factor analysis and criterion-related validity. Results indicated that the inventory’s construct validity and reliability are acceptable. The Cronbach’s α was from .71 to .88. The study also employed Satisfaction with Life Scale and Personality Inventory, which were criterions. The results of concurrent validity revealed good. In the background variables, it was shown that girls outperformed the boys on the “emotion-focused positive coping”, and the boys outperformed the girls on the “problem-focused negative coping”.