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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/127387
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/127387

    Title: Task-dependent differences in operant behaviors of rats with acute exposure to high ambient temperature: a potential role of hippocampal dopamine reuptake transporters
    Authors: 廖瑞銘
    Chen, S-F
    Chuang, C-Y
    Chao, C-C
    Yang, Y-H
    Chu, C-Y
    Yao, C-Y
    Su, Y-C
    Huang, Y-H
    Liao, R-M
    Contributors: 心理系
    Keywords: warm ambient temperature, schedule-controlled behavior, FR-typed, DRL-typed, brain dopamine
    Date: 2019-02
    Issue Date: 2019-11-21 10:41:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Behavioral or cognitive functions are known to be influenced by thermal stress from the change in ambient temperature (Ta). However, little is known about how increased Ta (i.e., when the weather becomes warm or hot) may affect operant conditioned behavior and the neural substrates involved. The present study thus investigated the effects of high Ta on operant behaviors maintained on a fixed-ratio 1 (FR1) and a differential reinforcement for low-rate responding 10 s (DRL 10-s) schedule of reinforcement. The rats were randomly assigned to three groups receiving acute exposure to Ta of 23°C, 28°C, and 35°C, respectively, for evaluating the effects of high Ta exposure on four behavioral tests. Behavioral responses in an elevated T-maze and locomotor activity were not affected by Ta treatment. Regarding operant tests, while the total responses of FR1 behavior were decreased only under 35°C when compared with the control group of 23°C, those of DRL 10-s behavior were significantly reduced in both groups of 28°C and 35°C. Distinct patterns of inter-response time (IRT) distribution of DRL behavior appeared among the three groups; between-group differences of behavioral changes produced by high Ta exposure were confirmed by quantitative analyses of IRT data. Western blot assays of dopamine (DA) D1 and D2 receptor, DA transporter (DAT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were conducted for the sample tissues collected in six brain areas from all the subjects after acute high Ta exposure. Significant Ta-related effects were only revealed in the dorsal hippocampus (dHIP). In which, the DAT levels were increased in a Ta-dependent fashion that was associated with operant behavior changes under high Ta exposure. And, there as an increased level of D1 receptors in the 28°C group. In summary, these data indicate that the performance of operant behavior affected by the present high Ta exposure is task-dependent, and these changes of operant behaviors cannot be attributed to gross motor function or anxiety being affected. The regulation of dHIP DAT may be involved in this operant behavioral change under high Ta exposure.
    Relation: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol.13, pp.15
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00015
    DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00015
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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