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Self-Identity, Ethical Character, and Social Symbolism: Fundamental Differences and Composite Appearances of Dao and Fa Traditions
|Issue Date: ||2019-11-29 09:21:36 (UTC+8)|
Past scholars have already raised the differences between contemporary Daoism and local traditions of exorcist methods and arts by looking at clothing and accessories (red-hat vs. black-hat) or the nature of the ritual (civil vs. martial). Yet, these kinds of differences and divisions, while they indeed gradually arise, become quite vague as Dao and Fa traditions intermingle more and more in local ritual manifestations. Therefore, this paper aims to begin with the practitioners' insistence on self-identity, as well as differences in ethical character and social symbolism, in order to reiterate, both in historical and contemporary periods, the fundamental differences between Daoism and local traditions of exorcist methods and arts. This is not an effort to once again distinguish clearly the boundaries of Daoism, but is instead a hope to further clarify and understand Daoism in its process of development, to unravel how it interacted with traditions and religious cultures unlike its own origins and the extent to which they have integrated. In order to better illustrate this point, in addition to attempting to outline the history of the interaction between Dao and Fa traditions, the author will also show a few variations currently known of the composite appearances of Dao and Fa. The author hopes, thereby, within such numerous and diverse Chinese religious phenomena, to again offer some possible guidance in further understanding clearly the question “What is Daoism?” as well as the tradition's historical development.
|Relation: ||華人宗教研究, 8, 33-64|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文|
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