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    Title: 華北地方道教儀式:以當代河北廣宗縣三旦夕村醮為例
    Local Daoist Ritual in Northern China: A Case Study of a Three-Day Jiao 醮 (Offering) Ritual in Contemporary Guangzong 廣宗 County, Hebei 河北
    Authors: 羅丹
    Dan, Luo
    徐天基
    Tianji, Xu
    Contributors: 華人宗教研究
    Keywords: 打醮;華北地方道教;民間道士;靈寶科儀
    jiao 醮;Daoism in Northern China;local Daoist priest 民間道士;Lingbao rituals
    Date: 2017-01
    Issue Date: 2019-11-29 09:22:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1990 年代以來,海外漢學研究掀起了對中國大陸地方道教儀式實地考察的新風尚。然而,這些田野考察的地域範圍多集中在長江以南的地區,對於華北地方道教的田野研究尚處在起步階段。本文是對當代河北廣宗縣村落三旦夕醮儀的田野考察,希冀以此豐富有關華北地方道教研究的民族志材料。河北省廣宗縣(原屬鉅鹿縣)為東漢末年張角領導之黃巾起義的發源地,廣宗歷來素有打醮的傳統,其起始年代,現已無文獻可考。自1980 年代以來,打醮的醮期多為一至五天不等,可分為兩種類型:一種為村醮,它是以村落為單位組織的社區集體儀式,週期為隔年;一種為開光醮,是村落在新廟落成後舉行的建醮儀式,連續三年。該地區的道教儀式是筆者於華北地區的田野考察中所能發現的最為完整與傳統的道教科儀,這更新了學界對北方民間道教儀式的認識。
    Since the 1990s, overseas scholars in Chinese studies have set off a new trend in fieldwork research on local Daoist rituals in Mainland China. However, the regional scope of this fieldwork research has generally centered on the area south of the Yangzi River. Fieldwork research on local Daoism in Northern China has remained at an inchoate stage. This article is a fieldwork report on a three-day jiao ritual in a contemporary village in Guangzong County, Hebei Province. Through this paper, we hope to enrich the ethnographic material on local Daoism in Northern China. As the birthplace of the Yellow Turbans Uprising, led by Zhang Jiao 張角 at the close of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Guangzong County (originally Julu 巨鹿 county) in Hebei province has consistently demonstrated a tradition of holding jiao rituals through the ages. Yet, now there are no longer reliable materials regarding the tradition's date of origin. Since the 1980s, the period of holding a jiao has been one to five days. This tradition can be divided into two categories of jiao: one is the village jiao, organized by a singular organization of the community collective on behalf of the village and held every other year; the other is the consecration jiao (kaiguang 開光), a ritual held by the village after a new temple has been completed, which continues for three years. The Daoist rituals of this area are the most complete and traditional Daoist rituals we have discovered during our fieldwork in Northern China. This renews our understanding of local Daoist rituals in the north.
    Relation: 華人宗教研究, 9, 133-211
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文

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