長期以來，非營利組織（Non-profit Organization, NPO）與政府部門在社會服務的提供上已經建立合作關係，以夥伴關係共同發展與執行各類的服務計畫，成為非營利組織與政府部門之間建立網絡連結的基礎。然近年來，政策倡議亦成為非營利組織與政府部門互動的重要原因，非營利組織經常向社會大眾與政府部門倡導特定的理念或價值，進而對政府的政策制定產生影響力。非營利組織與政府之間， 無論是透過服務提供或政策倡議所建構的網絡關係，對政治效能的發揮、集體行動困境的解決，乃至於對公民社會的發展與民主體制的鞏固，均有正面的效用。 Cooperative relationship in social service between government and non-profit organizations (NGOs) has been developed for a long time. Among of them formulated networking linkage by planning and implementing various service programs. However, policy advocacy has become another important factor of the interaction between government and NPOs during these years. In other words, NPOs often advocate ideas and values to people or government so they can influence the policy-making process. Whether thorough delivering service or advocating policy to build networking relationship between government and NPOs, it has positive effectiveness in development of political efficacy, solving dilemma of collective action, construction of the civil society and consolidation of democracy.