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    Title: 韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機間之相關性研究:以臺灣高中生為對象
    A Study on the Relationship among Image of Korea, Cognition of Hallyu and Korean Learning Motivation: A Case Study of Senior High School Students in Taiwan
    Authors: 歐家君
    Ou, Chia-Chun
    Contributors: 朴炳善
    歐家君
    Ou, Chia-Chun
    Keywords: 高中第二外語教育
    第二外語教育
    韓語教育
    韓國國家形象
    韓流
    學習動機
    Second foreign language education for senior high schools
    Second foreign language education
    Korean language education
    Image of Korea
    Cognition of Hallyu(Korean Wave)
    Learning motivation
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2020-02-05 18:14:06 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年來,在臺灣,隨著韓語能力檢定逐年穩定增加的報考人數、選修高中第二外語韓語課程人數呈急速成長的趨勢,韓語深受喜愛的程度已不容小覷。本研究旨在以臺灣高中生為對象,透過問卷調查探討高中生的韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機,再以調查結果分析在不同選課原因下,韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機是否產生差異,並進一步討論韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機三者之間的相關性。
    為達本研究之研究目的,本研究先行探討臺灣高中第二外語的整體面向,接著深入瞭解臺灣高中第二外語韓語課程之發展歷程,最後透過SPSS統計軟體分析臺灣高中生的韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機。
    針對不同選課原因下韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機的差異,本研究之研究結果顯示:(1) 不同選課原因對「韓國國家形象」雖有顯著差異,但自願性選課與非自願性選課的高中生各群組間從統計上無法判別出差異。(2) 自願性選擇韓文課的高中生,相對於非自願性選課的學生,對「韓流」有較高度關心。(3) 不同選課原因的臺灣高中生在「韓語學習動機」中,除「對韓國人的好感」在各選課群組間無顯著差異外,相較於非自願性選擇韓文課的臺灣高中生,自願性選擇韓文課的臺灣高中生「對韓語的學習態度」較為積極、有相對強烈的「整合型動機」與「工具型動機」、對外語較有興趣、對韓語課程的不安感也較少。(4) 相較於非自願性選修韓文的臺灣高中生來說,自願性選修韓文課的學生在修習韓語課後,對韓國整體形象有正向轉變。
    另外,針對韓國國家形象、韓流認知、韓語學習動機與修習韓語課後的態度轉變之間的相關性,從研究結果可發現:(1) 臺灣高中生對韓國藝人、韓劇、韓國美妝時尚等「韓流認知」越高,對韓國人的好感度便會提升、對韓語學習態度更加積極、整體韓語學習動機亦會增強。(2) 臺灣高中生對韓國的經濟、技術、文化層面等國家形象評價越高,會使其韓語學習動機增加。(3) 臺灣高中生對韓國人的好感、對韓語的學習態度、對外語的興趣、整合型動機與工具型動機等五項韓語學習動機層面具有越強烈動機,則修習韓語課後,會對韓國整體形象與態度給予高度評價。(4) 臺灣高中生若對於韓語課程越是感到不安,在修習韓語課後對韓國整體形象則會抱持負面態度。
    本研究從統計結果可以證明,相較於非自願性選修韓文課的臺灣高中生,自願性選修韓文課的高中生在韓國國家形象、韓流認知與韓語學習動機上較積極正面,修習韓語課後對韓國整體形象亦有正向轉變。
    作為首篇探討臺灣高中生韓語學習態度之研究,本研究之研究結果具有一定意義。期望以本研究作為開端,未來臺灣高中韓語教育之後續研究能持續針對韓語師資培育、適用於高中生之韓語教學法、韓語教材選用與設計、高中韓語學習者的學習滿意度等層面進一步做討論,讓逐年穩定發展之臺灣高中韓語教育持續進步,提供臺灣高中生更完善的韓語教育。
    Since the attendance of TOPIK (Test of Proficiency in Korean) has increased steadily and the rate of senior high school students who choose Korean as their second foreign language in elective course has risen rapidly, popularity of Korean-learning in Taiwan can’t not be ignored anymore. In order to get the meat of the tendency, I use questionnaire survey and senior high school students as research objects to analyze whether various reasons of choosing Korean language course, will make any difference on national image of Korea, cognition of Hallyu(Korean Wave) and learning motivation.
    To clarify these issues, I first consolidated overall orientation of second-foreign-language-education in Taiwan. Second, discussed the history and development of Korean as second-foreign-language-education. Finally, use SPSS to analyze correlations among national image of Korea, cognition of Hallyu and learning motivation.
    Depending on different reasons of choosing Korean language course, research results shows that: (1) Although different reasons of choosing course has significant difference on national image of Korea, students who voluntarily chose course and students who unwillingly chose the course has no statistics difference. (2) Compared to students who unwillingly chose the course, students who voluntarily chose the course have high attention to Hallyu. (3) Except “be fond to Korean”, students who voluntarily chose course have not only stronger integrative motivation, more interested in learning languages, but also have less anxiety about Korean language course. (4) Compared to students who unwillingly chose the course, students who voluntarily chose the course have more positive national image of Korea after taking Korean language course.
    Besides, through the analysis shows that, after taking Korean language course, alteration of students’ attitude as well as correlation among national image of Korea, cognition of Hallyu(Korean Wave) and learning motivation (1) Senior high school students in Taiwan, who have higher cognition to Hallyu (such as Korean artists, Korean drama and Korean fashion) are more fond to Korean, learn Korean more actively and also have stronger motivation overall. (2) Senior high school students in Taiwan, who speak more high of economic, techniques and culture of Korea, will have stronger motivation of Korean-learning. (3) Including fondness of Korean, learning attitude of Korean, interest of foreign language learning, integrative and instrumental motivation, senior high school students who have stronger motivation, will have more positive assess about national image of Korea. (4) Senior high school students in Taiwan that are more anxious to Korean language lesson will have more negative assessment about national image of Korea.
    Based on analysis results, it shows that compared to students who unwillingly chose the course, students who voluntarily chose course had more positive national image of Korea and higher cognition as well as stronger learning motivation.
    As a first study of discussing Korean language attitude of senior high school students in Taiwan, the contribution of the study is without a doubt.
    Last but not least, as a pioneering research, I am looking forward to research afterwards, which pay attention to better Korean language teacher education, education method whether is suitable for senior high school students, well-designed material and satisfaction of learners. To sum up, hope Korean language in senior high school will improve continuously and provide a better Korean language education system for students.
    Reference: 1. 中文資料

    書籍
    林俊宏、李延輝、羅云廷、賴慈芸(譯),2007,《第二語教學最高指導原則 第五版》(原作者:Brown, H. D.),東華書局。
    張春興,1996,《教育心理學:三化取向的理論與實踐》,東華書局。
    教育部,2010,《推動高級中學第二外語教育第3期5年計畫》,教育部中等教育司。
    教育部,2015,《推動高級中學第二外語教育第4期5年計畫》,教育部國民及學前教育署。

    期刊
    吳克安,2005,〈高中德語教學之回顧與展望〉,《臺德學刊》,第8期,頁120-131。
    張金塗、林共田,2000,〈高中日語教育現況與師資培育課程之間的互動研究〉,《台湾日本語教育論文集》,第4期,頁255-275。
    張善禮,2005,〈論高中第二外語環境之營造〉,《臺德學刊》,第8期,頁110-119。
    張善禮,2010,〈大學前第二外語教育與國際教育〉,《臺德學刊》,第19期,頁151-166。
    許雅惠,1998,〈高中第二外語之現況與未來發展評估〉,《人文及社會學科教學通訊》,第9卷,第4期,頁147-166。
    郭美宏,2010,〈高中第二外語-法語:「啟蒙教育」教材、教法之個案研究〉,《漢法研究Etudes franco-chinoises》,第2期,頁225-243。
    陳慶智,2017,〈臺灣高中第二外語教育的實施現況與課題-以韓語教育為中心〉,《高雄應用科技大學人文與社會科學學刊》,第3卷,第2期,頁1-12。
    黃淑真,2007,〈外語學習動機理論的發展與教學研究的回顧〉,《英語教學期刊》,第31卷,第3期,頁101-124。
    盧錦姬,2012,〈台灣高中生日語學習動機與學習態度之研究-以高中選修日語學生調查為例〉,《台大日本語文研究》,第23期,頁215-242。

    論文
    李永真,2002,《我國與德國第二外語師資培育制度之比較》,碩士論文,中國文化大學。
    李欣倚,2010,《臺灣高中第二外語日語學習者問題點分析》,碩士論文,輔仁大學。
    沈丹妮,2017,《台灣高中第二外語西班牙語教材設計與執行成效分析》,碩士論文,靜宜大學。
    施佩姍,2013,《韓流在台灣的發展與成功因素分析》,韓國語文學系,中國文化大學。
    胡秋文,2016,《台灣普通高中第二外語(日語)教學現況之研究》,碩士論文,東吳大學。
    高香和,2014,《國家形象與品牌形象對台灣女性消費者購買意圖影響之研究-以韓國化妝品為例》,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學。
    梁晏庭,2014,《台灣高中西班牙語為第二外語教學現況暨ECO Curso Modular de Español Lengua Extranjera的教材滿意度調查》,碩士論文,靜宜大學。
    梁麗梅,2000,《台灣中學的西語教學法:西班牙語之第二外語教學》,碩士論文,輔仁大學。
    梅衍儂,2013,《初探韓流下的偶像神話敘事-以Super Junior與E.L.F.的想像關係與情感認同為例》,碩士論文,國立政治大學。
    許芸芸,2011,《台灣南部中等學校第二外語日語教育現況之考察-以台南普通高級中學為主-》,碩士論文,國立高雄第一科技大學。
    陳姍姍,2004,《中等學校日語師資培育問題之探討》,碩士論文,中國文化大學。
    黃身安,2017,《臺灣與韓國高中第二外語教育之比較研究》,碩士論文,國立政治大學。
    黃虹綾,2016,《台灣高中西班牙語為第二外語現狀分析暨ECO及Vamos Adelante西班牙語教材分析》,碩士論文,靜宜大學。
    黃雅婷,2008,《第二外語日語學習者之學習動機暨學習滿意度之調查研究─以桃園地區普通高校為中心》,碩士論文,銘傳大學。
    賈志琳,2014,《以文化理解為中心的日語教學實踐研究─以台灣的F高中第二外語之課程設計為例》,碩士論文,東海大學。
    黎瓊麗,2005,《國小學童英語學習動機、學習策略與學習成就之相關性研究:以屏東地區國小為例》,博士論文,國立屏東師範學院。

    網站
    高級中等學校第二外語教育推動計畫:http://www.2ndflcenter.tw/web/index/index.jsp
    教育部:https://www.edu.tw/Default.aspx
    韓語能力檢定臺灣官方網站:https://www.topik.com.tw

    2. 韓文資料

    書籍
    윤호진(2016), 『한류 20년, 대한민국 빅 콘텐츠』, 커뮤니케이션북스.
    한국국제문화교류진흥원(2018), 『2018 해외한류실태조사 결과보고서』, KOFICE.
    한국국제문화교류진흥원(2019), 『2019 해외한류실태조사 결과보고서』, KOFICE.

    期刊
    郭秋雯(2018), 「한류의 대만 진출 역사 및 대만인의 한류 인식」, 『디아스포라 연구』, p83-111.
    김영주(2017), 「제2언어 학습자의 심리적 변인에 대한 연구 고찰: 동기 및 불안 을 중심으로」, 『국어교육』, p437-475.
    박병선(2016), 「대만에서의 한국어 학습자별 교육 과정 개선 방안」, 『국제한국 어 교육학회 학술대회논문집』, p285-294.
    안종석(2005), 「다차원적 속성의 국가이미지가 제품평가 및 브랜드 태도에 미치 는 영향」, 『國際經營硏究』, p63-90.
    왕청동(2015), 「대만에서의 한국어 교육 현황 및 전망」, 『한국어 교육』, p133-163.
    진경지(2017), 「대만 고등학교의 제2외국어로서의 한국어 교육 현황 및 발전 연구」, 『한국언어문화』, p23-38.

    論文
    구동본(2015), 「한국어 학습, 문화 근접성, 문화 콘텐츠 이용과 대한한국 국가 이미지 평가 간의 관계 연구」, 경희대학교 언론정보대학원 전략커뮤니케이 션학과 석사논문.
    우 림(2018), 「한국어 전공 중국 학생의 학습동기, 학습전략 및 학업성취도 간의 관계」, 한남대학교 대학원 교육학과 석사논문.
    이은형(2008), 「설문조사를 통한 고등학생의 중국어 학습동기 및 학습전략 분석」, 이화여자대학교 교육대학원 중국어교육전공 석사논문.
    장아남(2015), 「중국인 한국어 학습자의 제2언어 학습 동기, 불안 및 자아 분석 연구」, 경희대학교 일반대학원 국제한국언어문화학과 석사논문.
    杜 昕(2018), 「중국인 한국어 학습자용 정의적 요인 척도 타당화 연구」, 고려대학교 대학원 국어국문학과 박사논문.

    網站
    국립국어원 표준국어대사전: https://stdict.korean.go.kr/main/main.do
    두산백과: http://www.doopedia.co.kr
    한국콘텐츠진흥원: http://portal.kocca.kr/portal/main.do
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    韓國語文學系
    105557002
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105557002
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000018
    Appears in Collections:[韓國語文學系] 學位論文

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