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    Title: 「如現實成夢」:以布萊希亞理論閱讀艾蜜莉.狄金生詩作
    “As made Reality a Dream”: A Baudrillardian Reading of Emily Dickinson’s Poetry
    Authors: 吳信賢
    Wu, Hsin-Hsien
    Contributors: 楊麗敏
    Yang, Li-Min
    吳信賢
    Wu, Hsin-Hsien
    Keywords: 艾蜜莉.狄金生
    尚.布萊希亞
    擬像
    符號
    夢/空想
    社會
    烏托邦/反烏托邦
    Emily Dickinson
    Jean Baudrillard
    Simulacra
    Sign
    Dream/Fantasy
    Society
    Utopia/Dystopia
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 10:55:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文試圖透過尚.布萊希亞對於擬像與複製之概念,探求艾蜜莉.狄金生詩作中「夢」這一概念的後現代面容。藉助布萊希亞對於符號霸權的思索,本文將狄金生的夢境意象視作一種空想,並察覺其招來人們欲求理想的符號。本文不僅於詩人關於夢與作夢的寫作中,深思其中符號的無所不在,並更將觀察延伸,在詩人思慮社會的其他詩作中,探詢這所謂「符號」的影響。

    本論文周旋在三個面向之間:夢的概念、人類社會裡的社會關聯、烏托邦/反烏托邦夢境空間。藉著探討詩作〈我們作夢——正是好我們做夢著〉(強生531)、〈夢猶如細微的嫁妝〉(強生1376)、〈死期正像是無門的房屋〉(強生475),本文首先深思「夢」一詞的各種定義,並試圖將這樣所謂的「夢」定義為欲求理想的空想。而在這個符號主宰的夢域中,必須注意的是,空想從不帶來理想,反而只是欺騙地招來理想的符號作為替代。

    隨著分析另三首詩〈我一早出發——帶著我的狗——〉(強生520)、〈瘋癲相當才是最神聖的理性——〉(強生435)、〈文明——鄙斥——那花豹呀!〉(強生492),本文探討詩文中對人類社會的視察。考量著人類社會裡的社會關聯,詩人對於人們追求理想的夢/空想,被扣於社會次序的問題,以及自我與他者的衝突上。

    最後,藉著探索詩作〈「天堂」帶著不同符號——對我來說〉(強生575)、〈那裏有著某一道歪斜的光,〉(強生258)、〈身在那狹小蜂巢中〉(強生1607),一個飄忽在烏托邦與反烏托邦分界之間的夢境空間最終被察見。而所謂意義的曖昧不明也在此審視著。
    This thesis proposes to pursue a rather postmodernist landscape of Emily Dickinson’s concept of dream in several of her poems, in light of Jean Baudrillard’s idea of simulation and simulacra. With a Baudrillardian consideration that aims at the supremacy of signs, the thesis reads Dickinson’s dream imagery as an equivalent of fantasy that brings signs to actualise one’s desire for the ideal. The thesis not only considers the prevalence of signs in the poet’s writings on dream and dreaming. More extensively, it also traces the effectiveness of the so-called “signs” in a wider range of her poems where locates the poet’s concern over human society.

    The thesis wanders around three aspects: the notion of dreams defined as ideals and deception, social relationships within human society, and the utopian/dystopian dreamscape. With “We dream – it is good we are dreaming –” (J 531), “Dreams are the subtle Dower” (J 1376), and “Doom is the House without Door” (J 475) examined, the thesis firstly considers the diverse definitions of the term “dream,” and tends to define the alleged “dream” as fantasy about desiring the ideal. Yet, in the realm of dream where signs dominate, it is also noted that fantasy never brings the ideal but just deceptively summons signs of the ideal for substitution.

    With another three poems “I started Early – Took my Dog –” (J 520), “Much Madness is divinest Sense –” (J 435), and “Civilization – spurns – the Leopard!” (J 492) discussed, a deeper concern about human society is then taken in the thesis. Concerning social relationship within human society, the poet’s concerns over the dream/fantasy about the ideal are thus anchored at the problems of social order and the conflicts between the self and the Other.

    Lastly, with three poems of Emily Dickinson “‘Heaven’ has different Signs – to me –” (J 575), “There’s a certain Slant of light,” (J 258), and “Within that little Hive” (J 1607) explored, the manifestation of the utopian/dystopian dreamscape is a final focus in the thesis. The question of vagueness in meaning here is also sophisticatedly examined.
    Reference: Barker, Wendy. “Emily Dickinson and Poetic Strategy.” The Cambridge Companion to Emily Dickinson, edited by Wendy Martin, Cambridge UP, 2002, pp. 77-90.
    Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Translated by Sheila Faria Glaser, The U of Michigan P, 1994.
    ———. “The Order of Simulacra.” Symbolic Exchange and Death, edited by Lain Hamilton Grant, Sage, 1993, pp. 50-86.
    Benfey, Christopher. “Nearness and Neighbors.” Emily Dickinson and the Problem of Others, The U of Massachusetts P, 1984, pp. 63-79.
    Cameron, Sharon. Choosing Not Choosing. The U of Chicago P, 1992.
    Curtis, Audrey. “Social Etiquette.” Martin, vol. 2, pp. 784-89.
    Deppman, Jed. Trying to Think with Emily Dickinson. The U of Massachusetts P, 2008.
    Dickinson, Emily. “Civilization – spurns – the Leopard!” (492). Johnson, p. 236
    ———. “‘Heaven’ has different Signs – to me –” (575). Johnson, p. 280.
    ———. “Dreams are the subtle Dower” (1376). Johnson, p. 592.
    ———. “Doom is the House without Door” (475). Johnson, p. 229.
    ———. “I dwell in Possibility” (657). Johnson, p. 327
    ———. “I started Early – Took my Dog –” (520). Johnson, p. 254-55
    ———. “Much Madness is divinest Sense –” (435) Johnson, p. 209
    ———. “There’s a certain Slant of light,” (258). Johnson, p. 118.
    ———. “We dream – it is good we are dreaming –” (531). Johnson, pp. 259-60.
    ———. “Within that little Hive” (1607). Johnson, p. 664.
    “Dream.” Emily Dickinson Lexicon, edl.byu.edu/lexicon/term/565805. Accessed 31 March. 2018.
    “Dream.” Oxford English Dictionary, www.oed.com/view/Entry/57600?. Accessed 31 March. 2018.
    Emily Dickinson Lexicon. Brigham Young University, 2007–2017, edl.byu.edu.
    Farr, Judith. The Gardens of Emily Dickinson. Harvard UP. 2004
    Finnerty, Páraic. “A Dickinson Reverie: The Worm, the Snake, Marvel, and Nineteenth-century Dreaming.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, 2007, pp. 94-119. Proquest, search.proquest.com/docview/216521309?accountid=10067. Accessed 31 March. 2018.
    Genosko, Gary. Baudrillard and Signs: Signification Ablaze. Routledge. 1994.
    Grabher, Gudrun, et al., editors. The Emily Dickinson Handbook. U of Massachusetts P, 1998.
    Hagenbüchle, Roland. “Dickinson and Literary Theory.” Grabher, pp. 356-384.
    Hammer, Jaji Crocker. “Cultural Norms.” Martin, vol. 1, pp. 213-218.
    “Heaven.” Emily Dickinson Lexicon, edl.byu.edu/lexicon/term/565805. Accessed 20 Nov. 2019.
    Johnson, Thomas H, editor. The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson. By Emily Dickinson, Back Bay Books, 1960.
    Jones, Lisa Marie. “Leopard.” Martin, vol. 2, pp. 512-13.
    Kellner, Douglas. “Media, Simulations and the End of the Social.” Jean Baudrillard: From Maxism to Postmodernism and Beyond, Standford UP, 1989, pp. 61-92.
    Lechte, John. “Imaginary.” The Baudrillard Dictionary, edited by Richard G. Smith, Edinburgh UP, 2010, pp. 103-5.
    Leiter, Sharon. Critical Companion to Emily Dickinson: A Literary Reference to Her Life and Work. Facts On File, 2007.
    Martin, Wendy, editor. All Things Dickinson: An Encyclopedia of Emily Dickinson’s World. Vol. 1 A-H, Greenwood, 2014.
    ———, editor. All Things Dickinson: An Encyclopedia of Emily Dickinson’s World. Vol. 2 I-Z, Greenwood, 2014.
    ———, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Emily Dickinson. Cambridge UP, 2002.
    McCabe, Brian F. “Dream.” Martin, vol. 1, pp. 277-280.
    ———. “Heaven.” Martin, vol. 1, pp. 438-39.
    Miller, Christian, “Dickinson’s Experiments in Language.” Grabher, pp. 240-57.
    Morris, Caroline Ann. “Madness.” Martin, vol. 2, pp. 557-560.
    Oxford English Dictionary: The Definitive Record of the English Language. Oxford UP, 2017, www.oed.com.
    “Paradise.” Emily Dickinson Lexicon, edl.byu.edu/lexicon/term/431423. Accessed 20 Nov. 2019.
    Pawlett, William. “Simulation and the End of the Social.” Jean Baudrillard: Against Banality, Routledge, 2007, pp. 70-90.
    ———. “Simulacra + Simulacrum.” Richard Smith, pp. 196-198.
    Porter, David. “Searching for Dickinson’s Themes.” Grabher, pp.183-196.
    “Prudent.” Emily Dickinson Lexicon, edl.byu.edu/lexicon/term/432047. Accessed 20 Nov. 2019.
    Smith, Richard G., editor. The Baudrillard Dictionary. Edinburgh UP, 2010.
    Smith, Robert McClure. The Seductions of Emily Dickinson. Tuscaloosa: The U of Alabama P, 1996.
    St. Armand, Barton Levi. Emily Dickinson and Her Culture: The Soul’s Society. Cambridge UP, 1984.
    Stocks, Kenneth. Emily Dickinson and the Modern Consciousness: A Poet of Our Time. Macmillan Press, 1988.
    Tie, Rachel Nicole. “Normal and Abnormal.” Martin, vol. 2, pp. 640-45.
    Vendler, Helen. Dickinson: Selected Poems and Commentaries. The Belknap P of Harvard UP, 2010.
    Weisbuch, Robert. “Prisming Dickinson; or, Gathering Paradise by Letting Go.” Grabher, pp. 197-223.
    Wernick, Andrew. “Simulation.” Richard Smith, pp. 199-201.
    “Utopia.” Oxford English Dictionary, www.oed.com.autorpa.lib.nccu.edu.tw/view/Entry/220784?redirectedFrom=utopia#eid. Accessed 20 Nov. 2019.
    Zapedowska, Magdalena. “Citizens of Paradise: Dickinson and Emmanuel Levinas’s Phenomenology of the Home.” The Emily Dickinson Journal, vol. 12, no. 2, 2003, pp. 69-104
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    103551005
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103551005
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000134
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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