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    Title: 「真正的智慧」:夏綠蒂·勃朗特《簡愛》中花園的作用
    “True Wisdom”: Functions of the Gardens in Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre
    Authors: 胡家瑋
    Hu, Chia-Wei
    Contributors: 陳音頤
    Chen, Eva Yin-I
    胡家瑋
    Hu, Chia-Wei
    Keywords: 《簡愛》
    夏綠蒂·勃朗特
    空間
    花園
    女性成長
    殖民理論
    Jane Eyre
    Charlotte Brontë
    Space
    Garden
    The Development of Women
    Colonization
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 10:56:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 物質文化理論啟發了這篇探討《簡愛》花園的論文。十八世紀起,迅速的工業化進程和科技創新潮流催生了興盛的物質文化,其對人類的影響已經引起相關領域學者的探究,花園這個介於自然與文明、裡與外、自由與限制的物質空間也不例外。有一派學者認為女性和花園空間的互動對女性自我成長有所助益,另一派學者側重於花園空間蘊含的殖民意涵。這兩派學者的理論是這篇關於《簡愛》花園論文的切入點──該主題尚未在學界獲得應有的重視。在第二章探討完英國花園從十七到十九世紀的轉變後,我將關注重點放在《簡愛》中座落於蓋茨黑德、羅伍德、棘園和荒涼屋的四個花園以了解簡愛與花園的互動如何促進她的身心成長。接著,我注意到一個位處英國殖民地牙買加的花園,這發現讓我想進一步了解伯莎在英國那奴隸般的生活經驗與維多利亞時期奴隸所遭受的苦難之關聯。故事中兩位女主角不羈的天性受壓抑的維多利亞社會限制、約束。被視為「家中天使」的簡不被允許創立自己的學校,也不被准許與地位比她高的男子來往。伯莎這被比擬為異國花朵的女孩在英國的經歷使她枯萎失色,她的人生被她大男人且不體貼的丈夫羅切斯特摧毀。根據我對故事情節與角色發展的觀察,那如避風港的花園給予女性成長、勃發的自由。然而,如果女性本身無法適應其所處社會時代之物質文化或生活條件,那花園這象徵維多利亞時期物質文化縮影的空間於她而言便是地獄──伯莎在英國的經驗便是一顯著之例。總體而言,這篇論文試圖深究簡、伯莎與花園的關係與連結,期許本論文對勃朗特學派研究有所貢獻,特別是關於女性自我成長與社會偏見衝突的部分。
    The concept of material culture inspires me to work on this thesis focusing on the gardens in Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre. Since the eighteenth century, accelerated industrialization and technological innovation have led to a flourish of material objects, whose influences on human beings have been acknowledged by scholars in relevant fields. Garden, a material space striding across nature and civilization, exterior and interior, as well as freedom and restraints, are of no exception. One group of critics agrees that the relations between women and the garden space contribute to women's gradual development into maturity; on the other hand, another circle of scholars values the colonial connotations of the garden space. These two schools of theories are the entry points of my readings on the gardens in Jane Eyre—that is, the topic of the garden space has generally not received sufficient attention among the scholars. After analyzing transformations of the English garden from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries in the second chapter, I focus on investigating the four gardens located in Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, Moor House in order to delve deeper into how Jane's relationships with the gardens contribute to her growth. Furthermore, a garden in Jamaica arouses my interest in how Bertha's slave-like experience in England illustrates the slaves' general sufferings at that period. Both women's untamed nature are restrained by the stifling Victorian society. Jane, a deemed angel in the house, is forbidden from establishing her own school and having a relationship with a man of superior rank. Bertha, a woman personifying exotic flower, withers in England—her life is destroyed by Rochester, who is more of a patriarchal owner than a caring partner. From my observation of the overall plot-character development, Brontë may suggest that the haven-like gardens give women the freedom to prosper. However, if the female subject—Bertha, a prominent instance—is unable to adapt and adjust herself to the material culture of a particular period, then the gardens, epitomizing the materialism of the Victorian society, could also be hell-like and destructive to her. All in all, with my investigation of Jane's and Bertha's relationships with the garden space, this paper intends to shed some new light on Brontëan scholarship, especially in terms of the conflicts between women's sense of self-progression and the societal prejudice against their self-assertion at the time.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    105551006
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1055510061
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000330
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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