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    Title: 台灣經驗對印尼返鄉移工的影響
    The Impact of Taiwan Experience on Indonesian Return Migrant Workers
    Authors: 簡郁紋
    Chien, Yu-Wen
    Contributors: 劉梅君
    簡郁紋
    Chien, Yu-Wen
    Keywords: 印尼返鄉移工
    返鄉生活適應
    海外生活經驗
    社會再適應
    Indonesian returning migrant worker
    repatriation life adaption
    oversea experience
    social reintegration
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 11:21:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究目的在於討論在海外工作及生活多年的移工,返鄉後是否能夠將海外經驗的紅利─諸如存款與工作收入上的經濟優勢、不同文化環境所給予的價值觀刺激─帶回家鄉,以利其返鄉後的生活適應,進而深究返鄉移工個人歸國後會採取什麼樣的策略來面對經濟性適應與心理性適應的諸多挑戰。
    研究發現,爪哇傳統文化的性別規章與社會框架使得未婚女性返鄉移工所需要面對的心理性適應挑戰相較艱困。返鄉移工唯有靈活運用海外生活經驗所獲,應用在返鄉後的生存策略中,例如有意識的規劃個人職涯藍圖,或是把握原鄉的創業商機,並且能夠肯認自我價值,以調適返鄉後需要面對的心理性適應挑戰,才得以有機會克服返鄉生活適應的困難。
    The purpose of this study is to focus on the repatriation life experience and their adaptive strategies of returning migrant workers. To be specific, this study is to find out how one can utilize his or her oversea working experience dividends after returning home, such as the economic advantage, and the influence of the stimulation by different cultures and values. Furthermore, to understand how one determines his or her strategies while facing economical and psychological adaption challenges.
    The study found that the gender role and the social norms under the Javanese tradition make the psychological adaptation challenges of those single female return migrant workers more difficult. To adjust and overcome return migrant workers’ life adaption challenges, they can only flexibly utilize their oversea experience and apply to their survival strategies, such as consciously planning their career path, grasping an entrepreneurial opportunity in the local market, and recognizing their self-worth.
    Reference: 一、 中文文獻
    (一) 研究報告
    國際移民組織,(2018)。《世界移民報告2018》。瑞士:國際移民組織。

    (二) 期刊論文
    孫友聯,(2013)。〈移動中的剝削:臺灣外勞人權問題剖析〉。《臺灣人權學刊》,2(2),113-128。
    曾嬿芬,(2004)。〈引進外籍勞工的國族政治〉。《台灣社會學刊》,32,1-58。
    劉梅君,(2000)。〈「廉價外勞」論述的政治經濟學批判〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,38,59-90。
    藍佩嘉,(2006)。〈合法的奴工, 法外的自由: 外籍勞工的控制與出走〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,64,107-150。
    龔宜君,(2014)。〈內捲化的跨國移動:來台印尼爪哇女性移工的道德經濟學〉。《台灣社會學刊》,55,75-126。

    (三) 學位論文
    陳菊(2011)。植基於勞動人權與勞動競爭力之台灣外勞政策。未出版之碩士論文,國立中山大學,公共事務管理研究所,高雄市。

    (四) 網路資料
    周永捷,印尼返鄉移工創業 台灣經驗扭轉人生,上網日期2019年3月17日,檢自:https://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201711260156.aspx
    林思皓,Yusni:在台灣九年,我怕回去後變成自己國家裡的陌生人,上網日期2019年5月15日,檢自https://one-forty.org/2018/10/11/yusni_story/

    二、 西文文獻
    (一) 專書著作
    Baker, H. A., Diawara, M., Lindeborg, R. H., Lindeborg, R. A., & Lindeborg, R. H. (Eds.). (1996). Black British cultural studies: a reader. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
    Chan, C. (2018). In Sickness and in Wealth: Migration, Gendered Morality, and Central Java. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    De Haas, H. (1998). Socio-economic transformations and oasis agriculture in southern Morocco. In L. J. de Hann & P. Blaikie (Eds), Looking at Maps in the Dark: Directions for Geographical Research in Land Management and Sustainable Development in Rural and Urban Environments of the Third World (pp. 65-78). Utrecht, Netherland: Royal Dutch Geographical Society.
    Geertz, H. (1989 [1961]). The Javanese Family: A Study of Kindship and Socialization. Illinois: Waveland Press.
    White, D. R., & Schweizer, T. (1998). Kinship, Property, Transmission and Stratification in Rural Java. In T. Schweizer & D. R. White (pp.36-58), Kinship, Networks and Exchange. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Yuniarto, P. R. (2017). From Entrepreneurship to Social Activist: The Role of Indonesian Migrant Entrepreneurs in Taiwan and Socio- Economic Functions of Return-Migrant Entrepreneurship in Malang, East Java. In S. M. Brito (Ed.), Entrepreneurship - Trends and Challenges (pp.127-144). London, U.K.: IntechOpen.

    (二) 期刊論文
    Anwar, R. P. (2015). “Return migration and local development in Indonesia”. 현대사회와다문화, 5(2), 224-257.
    Anwar, R. P., & Chan, C. (2016). “Contrasting return migrant entrepreneurship experiences in Javanese villages”. International Migration, 54(4), 150-163.
    Beijer, G. (1970). “International and National Migratory Movements”. International Migration, VIII(3), 93-109.
    De Haan, A., Brock, K., & Coulibaly, N. (2002). “Migration, livelihoods and institutions: contrasting patterns of migration in Mali”. Journal of Development Studies, 38(5), 37-58.
    De Haas, H. (2010). “Migration and development: A theoretical perspective”. International migration review, 44(1), 227-264.
    Geiger, M. & Pécoud, A. (2013). “Migration, Development and the Migration and Development Nexus”. Population, Space and Place, 19, 369-374.
    Harris, J. R., & Todaro, M.P. (1970). "Migration, unemployment and development: a two-sector analysis." The American economic review, 60(1), 126-142.
    Jovanovic, B. (1979). “Job matching and the theory of turnover”. Journal of Political Economy, 87(5), 972-990.
    Jovanovic, B. (1982). “Selection and the evolution of industry”. Econometrica, 50(3), 649-670.
    Keely, C. B. & Tran, B. N. (1989). “Remittances from Labor Migration: Evaluations, Performance, and Implications”. International Migration Review, 23(3), 500-525.
    Lianos, T. P., & Pseiridis, A. (2009). “On the occupational choices of return migrants”. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21(2), 155-181.
    Lipton, M. (1980). “Migration from the Rural Areas of Poor Countries: The Impact on Rural Productivity and Income Distribution”. World Development, 8, 1-24.
    Marchetta, F. (2012). “Return migration and the survival of entrepreneurial activities in Egypt”. World Development, 40(10), 1999-2013.
    Ong, A. (2006). “Mutations in Citizenship”. Theory, Culture & Society, 23(2-3), 499-505.
    Penninx, R. (1982). “A Critical Review of Theory and Practice: The Case of Turkey”. International Migration Review, 16 (4), 781-818.
    Rahman, M. (2009). “Temporary migration and changing family dynamics: implications for social development”. Population, Space and Place, 15(2), 161-174.
    Schiller, G., Faist, N. & Faist, T. (2009). “Introduction: Migration, De¬velopment, and Social Transformation”. Social Analysis, 53(3), 1-13.
    Spitzer, D. L. (2016). “Return Migrant Entrepreneurship and the Migration and Development Agenda: A Focus on Filipino and Indonesian Migrant Workers”. Migration, Mobility, & Displacement, 2(2), 24-39.
    Spitzer, D. L. & Piper, N. (2014). “Retrenched and Returned: Filipino Migrant Workers During Times of Crisis”. Sociology, 48(5), 1007-1023.
    Tsay, Ching-Lung. (1995). “Taiwan”. ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 12/2, 175-190.
    Ullah, A. A. (2013). “Mother’s Land and Others’ Land: “Stolen” Youth of Returned Female Migrants”. Gender, Technology and Development, 17(2), 159-178.
    Wahba, J., & Zenou, Y. (2012). “Out of sight, out of mind: Migration, entrepreneurship and social capital”. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 42(5), 890-903.
    Wise, D. R., Covaarubias, H. M., & Puentes, R. (2013). “Reframing the debate on migration, development and human rights”. Population, Space and Place, 19, 430-443.
    Wolf, Diane. (1998). “Female Autonomy, the Family, and Industrialization in Java”. Journal of Family Issues, 9 (1), 85-107.
    Yu, Xiaojiang. (2015). “The Sociocultural Effects of Returnee Overseas Filipino Workers in the Philippines.” Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift-Norwegian Journal of Geography, 69(1), 47-58
    Zachariah, K. C., Mathew, E. T. & Rajan, S. I. (2001). “Impact of Migration on Kerala’s Economy and Society”. International Migration, 39(1), 63-88.

    (三) 研究報告
    Bachtiar, P., & Prasetyo, D. D. (2017). Return Migration and Various Reintegration Programs for Low-Skilled Migrant Workers in Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: SMERU Research Institute.
    Dillon, E. W., & Stanton, C. T. (2017). Self-employment dynamics and the returns to entrepreneurship (No. w23168). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
    Khoo, C. Y., Platt, M., Yeoh, B. S., Arlini, S. M., Baey, G., Lam, T., ... & Sugiyarto, E. (2014). Gendered migration patterns, processes and outcomes: Results from a household survey in Ponorogo, Indonesia (Migrating Out of Poverty RPC Working Paper 22). Brighton, U.K.: Department for International Development.
    Naudé, W., Siegel, M., & Marchand, K. (2015). Migration, entrepreneurship and development: a critical review (MERIT Working Papers 033). Barcelona, Spain: United Nation University, UNU-MERIT.
    Tilman B., Clotilde M. & Wim N. (2018). Return Migration and Self-Employment: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan (IZA DP No. 11332). Bonn, Germany: IZA Institute of Labor Economic.
    Parinduri, R. A., & Thangavelu, S. M. (2008). Remittance and migrant households' consumption and saving patterns: Evidence from Indonesia (No.08-02). Semenyih, Malaysia: Nottingham University Business School Malaysia Campus.
    Petrozziello, A.J. & Robert, E. (comps.) (2010). Migration, Remittances and Gender-Responsive Local Development: Executive Summaries. Case Studies: Albania, the Dominican Republic, Lesotho, Morocco, the Philippines and Senegal (rep., i-36). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women; and New York: United Nations Development Program.
    Spitzer, D. L. (2014). No (Wo)man’s Land: Migration, Gender, and the Making of the Entrepreneurial Subject in the Philippines and Indonesia. Ottawa, Canada: University of Ottawa, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Citizenship and Minorities.

    (四) 會議及研討會論文
    Brück, T., Mahé, C., & Naudé, W. (2017). Return migration and self-employment dynamics: Empirical evidence from Kyrgyzstan. Paper presented at the 3rd IZA/DFID GLM-LIC Research Conference, Washington, DC.
    De Haas, H., Fokkema, T., & Fassi, M. (2009). The determinants of return migration intentions among Moroccan migrants in Europe. Paper presented at the XXVI International Population Conference, Marrakech, Morocco.
    Koelle, M. (2016). Firm dynamics and occupational choice. Paper presented at the Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik 2016: Demographicscher Wandel, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Supriyanto, A., & Cabral-Cardoso, C. (2015). Entrepreneurship as Career Choice of Indonesian Returned Migrant Workers. Paper presented at the 1st International Conference on Migration and Diaspora Entrepreneurship, Bremen, Germany

    (五) 學位論文
    Norwanto, N. (2016). Gender and Politeness in Javanese Language. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.
    Supriyanto, A. (2016). Knowledge Remittance and Self-Employment Career: Narratives of Indonesian Return Migrant Workers. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

    (六) 網路資料
    Indonesian Migrant Workers Become Entrepreneurs after Learning New Skills, Retrieved May 22 2019, from: https://www.atlasnetwork.org/news/article/indonesian-migrant-workers-become-entrepreneurs-after-learning-new-skills
    Inspiratif! 5 TKI Ini Berhasil Mengubah Kisah Kelam Jadi Membanggakan, Retrieved March 6 2019, from: https://www.moneysmart.id/ubah-nasib-5-mantan-tki-ini-kini-sukses-dan-menginspirasi/
    Mantan TKI Korsel Sukses Bisnis Peternakan Ayam Closed House Omset Milyaran, Retrieved March 6 2019, from: http://dokterunggas.com/2017/07/25/mantan-tki-korsel-sukses-bisnis-peternakan-ayam-closed-house-omset-milyaran/
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    勞工研究所
    106262002
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106262002
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000339
    Appears in Collections:[勞工研究所] 學位論文

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