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    Title: 關聯多樣性對區域產業成長之研究 -以高科技產業與傳統產業為例
    The study of the effect of regional idustry growth of the related variety : in the case of high-tech industry and traditional industry
    Authors: 柯均翰
    Ko, Chun-Han
    Contributors: 邊泰明
    Ben, Tai-Ming
    柯均翰
    Ko, Chun-Han
    Keywords: 關聯多樣性
    非關聯多樣性
    高科技產業
    傳統產業
    追蹤資料
    Related variety
    Unrelated variety
    High-tech industry
    Traditional industry
    panel data
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 11:22:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Frenken等人(2007)將產業區分為「關聯多樣性」及「非關聯多樣性」,提出產業間多樣性越高的區域,越能促使知識外溢與技術創新,進而利於產業成長。Mameli等人(2012)及Hartog等人(2012)進一步將多樣性的理論應用於不同產業中,並發現多樣性對類型不同或科技程度的不同的產業所造成的影響將不盡相同。
    本文以民國85、90、95及100年工商普查資料為基礎,採用追蹤資料模型進行分析,分析關聯多樣性、非關聯多樣性其他變數對廠商家數及在職人數之影響,探討關聯多樣性對於高科技產業及傳統產業兩者之間的關係。實證分析結果,關聯多樣性對高科技產業及傳統產業之廠商家數及在職人數均有正向影響,此外高科技產業之關聯多樣性對傳統產業之廠商家數亦有正面影響。
    Frenken (2007) categorized businesses as "Related Variety" or "Unrelated Variety," and proposed that if diversity among industries is greater, knowledge spillover and technological innovation will be promoted more, thus facilitating industry growth. Furthermore, Mameli et al. (2012) and Hartog et al. (2012) applied this diversity theory to different industries,and find the different influences of related variety on different type or different levels of technology.
    We based this article on industrial and commercial census data from 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 and adopted a panel data model to perform our analysis. Then we analyzed such variables as related variety, unrelated variety, and others that may affect the number of manufacturers and employment population, and investigate related variety between high-tech industries and traditional industries. As analyzed from the empirical results, high-tech industries and traditional industries related variety positively influence the number of manufacturers and employment population, and related variety of high-tech industries may also positively influence of the number of manufacturers in traditional industries.
    Reference: 一、中文文獻
    (一)、專書期刊
    1.王健全,2001,「再創傳統製造業競爭優勢」,『經濟資訊』,第103期:頁4-7。
    2.吳濟華、李亭林、陳協勝、何柏正,2012,『產業群聚與區域創新:聚集經濟理論與實證』,臺北:前程文化
    3.金佳禾、周志龍,2007,「臺灣產業群聚區域差異及中國效應衝擊」,『地理學報』,第49期:頁55-79。
    4.姜樹翰,1998,「知識外溢與都市製造業成長」,『台灣土地研究』,第十一卷第一期:頁37-63。
    5.洪鈺喬,2009,「台灣傳統產業技術升級與競爭利基分析」。頁307-320,『綜合規劃與研究(96年及97年)』,臺北:經建會綜合計畫處。
    6.胡太山、尤淑萍、周享民、賈秉靜、羅欣政,2015,「傳統產業地區創新生產網絡之研究-以彰化縣為例」,『建築與規劃學報』,第十六卷第二/三期:頁111至134。
    7.徐文復、廖明芳,2000,「傳統產業的新春天」,『管理雜誌』:頁124-126。
    8.詹立宇,2005,「產業聚集效應對就業創造之影響―台灣製造業的實證」, 『人文及社會科學集刊』,第十七卷第四期:頁683-713頁。
    9.蔡宏明,2000,「由產業演化看傳統產業競爭力的提升」,『經濟情勢暨評論』,第5卷第4期:頁37至64。

    (二)、學位論文
    1. 林頌恩,2004,「高科技產業與傳統產業創新能力、決定創新的因素與創新績效之比較」,崑山科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,臺南市
    2. 洪一權,1993,「產業生命週期與合作策略關聯之研究」,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文:臺北市。
    3. 楊志龍,2018,「研發、專利對公司經營績效之影響:以台灣高科技產業為例」,國立交通大學科技管理研究所博士論文:臺北。
    4. 鄭恩仁,1996,「高科技產業群聚現象與共生關係之研究」,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文:臺北市。

    二、英文文獻
    1.Bergman, E. M., and Feser, E. J., 1999, “Industrial and regional clusters concepts and comparative applications”, Morgantown, W, Va: Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
    2.Bishop, P., and Gripaios, P., 2010, “Spatial externalities, relatedness and sector employment growth in Great Britain”, Regional Studies, 44(4):443–454.
    3.Boschma, R. and Iammarino, S., 2009, “Related variety, trade linkages, and regional growth in Italy”, Economic Geography, 85(3):289–311.
    4.Caragliu, A., de Dominicis, L. and de Groot, H. L. F., 2016, “Both Marshall and Jacobs were right!”, Economic Geography, 92(1): 87–111.
    5.Eva, K., Steffen, K. and Angela, J., 2009, “Innovation paths and the innovation performance of low-technology firms”, Research Policy, 38:447-458.
    6.Falcioglu, P., 2011, “Location and determinants of productivity: The case of the manufacturing industry in Turkey”, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 47(Suppl. 5):86–96.
    7.Frenken, K., Van Oort, F. and Verburg, T., 2007, “Related Variety, Unrelated Variety and Regional Economic Growth”, Regional Studies, 41(5):685-697.
    8.Glaeser, L., Kallal, H., Scheinkman, J. and Shleifer, A., 1992 , “Growth in cities” , Journal of Political Econom, 100:1126–1152.
    9.Hartog, M., Boschma, R. and Sotarauta, M., 2012, “The impact of related variety onregional employment growth in Finland 1993–2006: High-tech versus medium/lowtech”, Industry and Innovation, 19(6): 459–476.
    10.Henderson, J. V., 2003, “Marshall’s Scale Economies” , Journal of Urban Economies, 53:1-2.
    11.Johan, H. and Mark, K., 2009, “Embodied knowledge and sectoral linkages: An input–output approach to the interaction of high- and low-tech industries”, Research Policy, 38:459-469.
    12.Lee, B. S., S. Jang. and S. Y. Hong., 2010, “Marshall’s Scale Economies and Jacobs Externalities in Korea: The Role of Age, Size and the Legal Organization of Firms”, Urban Studies, 47: 3131-3156.
    13.Luciana, Lazzeretti., Niccolò, Innocenti. and Francesco, Capone., 2017, “The impact of related variety on the creative employment growth”, The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, 58(3): 491-512.
    14.Mameli, F., Iammarino, S. and Boschma, R., 2012. “ Regional variety and employment growth in Italian labour market areas: Services versus manufacturing industries”, Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography, 12(3):1-23.
    15.Nicola Cortinovis and Frank van Oort., 2015, “Variety, economic growth and knowledge intensity of European regions: a spatial Panel analysis”, The Annals of Regional Science, 55:7-32.
    16.Saviotti, P. P., and Frenken, K., 2008, “Export variety and the economic performance of countries”, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 18(2):201–218.
    17.Sherman, B., 1982, “Successful Marketing Strategy for High Tech Firms”, Journal of Retailing, 58:25-43.
    18.Van Oort, F., de Geus, S., and Dogaru, T., 2015, “ Related variety and regional economic growth in a cross-section of European urban regions”, European Planning Studies, 23(6):1110–1127.
    19.Wolfe, D. A. and Gertler, M. S., 2004, “Cluster from the inside and out: local dynamics and global linkage”, Urban Studies, 41(5/6):1071-1093.

    三、網路資料
    1.經濟部,2010,「2020年台灣產業發展與願景與策略版」。https://ws.ndc.gov.tw/001/administrator/10/webarchive/1627/b5aa28a1-cde4-424a-badd-02f1a18d5259.pdf ,取用日期:2019年11月2日。
    2.經濟部,2011,「台灣產業結構優化–三業四化(製造業服務化、服務業科技化及國際化、傳統產業特色化)行動計畫」。
    https://ws.ndc.gov.tw/001/administrator/10/webarchive/1628/6f3173fe-1d5a-4a03-ad55-c2f4ba2555da.pdf ,取用日期:2019年11月2日。
    3.行政院主計總處,2015,「中華民國行業標準分類」。
    https://www.dgbas.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=38933&ctNode=3111&mp=1 ,取用日期:2019年8月2日。
    4.科技部,2002,「OECD行業分類與我國行業分類對照」。
    https://wsts.most.gov.tw/stsweb/technology/TechnologyStatistics.aspx?language=C&ID=10 ,取用日期:2019年8月2日。
    5.中華民國統計資料網,「縣市重要統計統計指標查詢系統」。
    http://statdb.dgbas.gov.tw/pxweb/Dialog/statfile9.asp ,取用日期2019年9月5日
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系碩士在職專班
    104923010
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104923010
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000190
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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