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    Title: 臺北市非正式住宅之成因與對策
    Informal Housing in Taipei–Causes and Measures
    Authors: 趙家涓
    Chao, Chia-Chuan
    Contributors: 林子欽
    Lin, Tzu-Chin
    趙家涓
    Chao, Chia-Chuan
    Keywords: 非正式住宅
    違章建築
    公共選擇理論
    Illegal building
    Informal housing
    Public choice theory
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2020-03-02 11:24:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 違章建築多年來一直與雜亂無髒的建築印象、貧民窟、不文明象徵掛上等號。
    而在許多國家中,社會菁英、中產階級或是學生等也會居住於該建築之中。因其
    擁有政府提供不完全或不及提供之社會功能,許多國外文獻不會將它們歸類為
    “非法建築”,而是以“非正式住宅”來稱呼。本研究把臺北市違章建築現象放
    置國際討論並分析,可以發現同樣高度發展的城市,如:香港、倫敦,因人口快
    速增長對住宅供應產生直接衝擊、遷移居民沒有能力承租或購買等問題,迫使人
    民開始興建或居住於非正式建築,然更多的是隱蔽在合法建物中,造成即便有公
    共安全疑慮但政府卻無從查起,而臺北市文獻及法規仍以負面意涵之違章建築為
    主要稱呼。
    本研究將對臺北與各國非正式住宅類型進行分類,並歸納出已開發國家特有
    之非正式住宅現象,再以公共選擇理論切入,探討臺北市政府針對違章建築政策
    之實行原因。研究中將違章建築決策的行為者分為政府部門、政治人物與利益團
    體,研究結果發現臺北市政府相較於西方國家,對於部分違章建築抱持肯定其存
    在的態度並允許最低生活活動,但卻直接否定未來合法的可能,其中影響臺北市
    違章建築拆除的行動者又以政府部門為主。
    For many years, illegal buildings have been identified with cluttered, dirty, slums, or uncivilized symbols. But in many countries, social elites, middle class or students also live in those buildings. However, due to the social functions that the government provides incomplete or unreachable, many foreign papers do not classify them as “illegal buildings” but as “informal houses”. This study puts the informality in Taipei into an international discussion and analysis, and finds the same phenomenon in highly developed cities. The rapid population growth has a direct impact on housing supply, forcing people to start building or living in Informal buildings. More of them are concealed in legal construction, causing the government to fail to check even if there are public security concerns. Even, the regulations and literature in Taipei still call them “the illegal buildings”.
    Based on this, this study will classify the informal housing types in Taipei and other
    countries, and summarize the phenomenon of informal housing unique to developed countries, and explore the reasons for the implementation of the informal housing policy by the Taipei government from the public choice theory. In the study, the actors were divided into government departments, politicians and interest groups. The research found that the Taipei City Government has a certain attitude towards certain illegal buildings and allows them for minimum living activities but negates the possibility of legality in the future directly.
    Reference: 一、中文參考文獻
    陳小紅、周鳳,1987,「臺北路邊洗車業之研究,以非正式部門觀」,『建築與
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系
    106257026
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106257026
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000353
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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