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Peng Zhen's Roles and Activities in the Tiananmen Square Incident of 1989
|Keywords: ||彭真 ; 天安門事件 ; 鄧小平 ; 趙紫陽 |
Peng Zhen ; Tiananmen Square Incident of 1989 ; Deng Xiaoping ; Zhao Ziyang
|Issue Date: ||2020-03-04 10:09:01 (UTC+8)|
For the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 were a great political crisis to its rule. During this event, many students and masses gathered in the heart of the nation's capital to express their dissatisfactions and grievances towards the CCP, to which the Party Center led by the paramount leader Deng Xiaoping finally decided to brutally crackdown on the protests by the force. Peng Zhen had already retired from the important post of senior CCP's Politburo member and the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) before the eruption of the Tiananmen Square protests. However, as an influential old revolutionary, he was still deeply involved in the political process, wielding enormous influence and assisting the Party Center led by Deng in coping with the severe political incident. It is noteworthy that Peng initially supported Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang's moderate approach in dealing with the student protests. However, after knowing Deng's decision to impose the martial law in the nation's capital, he quickly changed his attitude to firmly stand with Deng, and began to criticize Zhao. Moreover, Peng made good use of his high revolutionary status and prestige, successfully dissuading the leading members of the NPC's Standing Committee from convening the emergency meeting before the scheduled time to independently handle the student protests. Peng's efforts assisted the Party Center led by Deng in putting the NPC's Standing Committee under its tight controls; therefore, Deng and his loyal followers could adopt their wishes of using a heavy-handed-approach to put an abrupt end to the protests. Peng helped the Party Center pass through the political crisis in 1989 to maintain it rule. However, Peng's actions also seriously damaged the increasing autonomy and authority of the NPC, which he devoted himself to building when he was the head of this political organ.
|Relation: ||中國大陸研究, 62:1, 1-33|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[東亞研究所 ] 期刊論文|
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