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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 臺灣史研究所  > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/130460
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/130460


    Title: 近代臺灣家庭「電熱」 的推廣與普及(1914-1939)
    Household Electric Heater in Modern Taiwan (1914-1939)
    Authors: 陳佳德
    Tan, Ka-tik
    Contributors: 台史博二
    Keywords: 電熱;日治;家庭電化;家電;電力
    electric heater;Taiwan under Japanese rule;home electrification;household electric;electric power
    Date: 2019-06
    Issue Date: 2020-06-29 09:33:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以臺灣為中心,討論1914年至1939年間,家庭電熱在臺灣的發展。除分析電熱普及狀況、區域差異和城鄉差距外,亦從家庭經濟的角度,討論戰前經濟條件對於電熱市場的限制。此外,藉由日本鹿兒島和朝鮮京城為對照組,比較日本帝國其他邊陲地區的電熱發展,並證明地理環境對於居民的家電選擇具有關鍵影響。1910年代中期,隨著第一次世界大戰爆發,日本的家電產品開始脫離對歐美的依賴,迅速建立國產家電工業,臺灣最晚在1914年也開始出現電熱產品。1920年代初期,為了消化日月潭水力電氣工事完工後可能的剩餘電力,臺灣電力株式會社於1922年開始推廣家庭電熱,正式開始電熱在臺灣的發展。不過,在1930年代以前,民生電力在臺灣並未普及,加上經濟條件的限制,以及臺灣氣候相對炎熱,使電熱在臺灣的普及率並不高。整體而言,雖然電熱在戰前臺灣社會並不普及,但仍是臺灣家庭電化的開端。
    This article discusses the development of household electric heaters in Taiwan from 1914 to 1939. In addition to analyzing the popularization, regional differences, and rural-urban disparity in the use of electric heaters, this article also explores the constraints brought by economic conditions, from the perspective of families, to the household electric heater market before the Second World War. Furthermore, using Kagoshima and Seoul as selected cases, comparisons are made in examining the development of electric heaters in the peripheral areas of the Japanese Empire, thus demonstrating the critical impact of geographical environment on the choices of residents with regard to household electric heaters. In the middle of the 1910s, after the outbreak of the First World War, the household appliances industry in Japan started to move away from dependence on the European countries and the United States. A domestic industry of household appliances was quickly constructed. At the latest, electric heating products also appeared in Taiwan in 1914. In the early 1920s, in order to consume possible excessive electric power caused by the construction of the Sun Moon Lake hydraulic power plant, the Taiwan Power Corporation promoted household electric heaters in 1922, which formally launched the electric heaters market in Taiwan. Before the 1930s, however, electric power for household use was not popular in Taiwan. Due to the limitation of economic conditions and the relatively hot climate in Taiwan, the penetration of electric heaters on the island remained low. Nevertheless, the use of household electric heaters before the Second World War signaled the introduction of home electrification in Taiwan.
    Relation: 國史館館刊, 62, 53 - 55+57-108
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[臺灣史研究所 ] 期刊論文

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