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    Title: 全球知識經濟下的科技合作: 以三螺旋創新模式發展在地能力的研究
    Technical Cooperation in the Global Knowledge-based Economy: Developing Local Capabilities Through a Triple Helix Model of Innovation
    Authors: 羅奕安
    Nephtaly, Andoney Pierre-Louis
    Contributors: 湯京平
    Tang, Ching-Ping
    羅奕安
    Nephtaly Andoney Pierre-Louis
    Keywords: 科技合作
    全球知識經濟
    三螺旋創新模式
    發展援助
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-07-01 14:02:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Aid capital and infrastructure investments in developing countries have been often tied to technical cooperation components through which, traditionally, international consultants/experts are placed in positions where they can advise, train, and support counterparts. However, in a globalizing world where knowledge generation is increasingly the primary commodity of economic growth, relying merely on top-down knowledge transfer and gap-filling development approach faces its limits. There is a growing need for technical cooperation to be guided by strong local roots through which international aid agencies can learn to “learn with” the people they are serving. These thinkings are at the center of the paradigm of knowledge-based aid, promoting the use of innovation system theories in technical development projects. This research assesses the extent to which this ideal is being realized in the typical case of fragile States that is Haiti, through the scope of a USAID funded agricultural project called AREA.

    Using the diagnostic framework of the World Bank (2006) on Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS), we found that Technical Cooperation to transfer knowledge and expertise in agriculture in Haiti has been reasonably deficient without a reliable local innovation base system in the sector. Rare projects trying to develop that base, such as AREA, are still inadequate to the needs. As agricultural innovation in Haiti is still at a pre-planned phase, interventions from donors and national policy-makers first have to create a shared vision, build trust, and enhance the capacity of stakeholders to develop partnerships by emphasizing private sector involvement. Therefore, in fragile countries such as Haiti, development actors should explore more systemic decentralized triparty Innovation Platforms (IPs) allowing knowledge producers (universities, research institutes) to work with knowledge users (private companies, farmers’ associations, agricultural extensions organization), and knowledge managers (government entities) to respond to market opportunities.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
    107862007
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107862007
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000523
    Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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