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|Title: ||英語母語者與臺灣英語學習者副詞JUST使用之分析： 以語料庫為本|
A Corpus-based Study of Native Speakers’ and Taiwanese EFL Learners’ Use of the Adverb JUST
|Issue Date: ||2020-08-03 17:17:23 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: || 儘管多義副詞JUST在外語學習者的寫作中是一個高頻詞，然而大多數的學習者可能不清楚JUST該如何被使用。本研究的目的為探討母語者及臺灣英語學習者在英語寫作中如何使用JUST的五種意義，並分析母語者和臺灣英語學習者使用副詞JUST時在字彙文法句式方面的差異。本研究的語料來自三個線上語料庫，包含一個母語者語料庫以及兩個臺灣英語學習者語料庫，語料分析為兩個面向：（一）不同意義的JUST使用之頻率、（二）不同意義的JUST字彙文法句式使用之差異。|
研究結果顯示，整體而言JUST在母語者語料庫及臺灣英語學習者語料庫的使用頻率相似。然而，就JUST的不同意義而言，’depreciatory’ JUST在所有語料庫中皆是最常被使用的意義，而最不常被使用的則為’specificatory’ JUST。我們也發現，JUST最常被使用的兩個意義，意即’depreciatory’和’restrictive’ JUST，使用頻率加總後占學習者語料的極大部分，這導致了JUST在學習者語料庫中的多樣性較低。JUST的字彙文法句式分析的結果則顯示當JUST修飾不同詞性的句式結構、與特定語境特徵共現或搭配特定的動詞時態／時貌時，會導致JUST產生不同的意義。在搭配詞錯誤或語意關聯不正確的情況下，亦會造成JUST使用上的疑義，例如JUST LIKE和SUCH AS的混淆。
Although the polysemous adverb JUST is frequently used by EFL learners in essays, many of them may still be unconscious of how just was used (Grant, 2011). The aim of this study is to examine how frequently different meanings of the adverb JUST are employed by native speakers and Taiwanese EFL learners in their essays and the differences in the lexico-grammatical patterns. Data were drawn from one NS corpus and two Taiwanese EFL learner corpora to investigate the overall frequencies of JUST and the frequencies of JUST by meaning categories. By scrutinizing the instances derived from the above corpora, semantic and syntactic features of the lexico-grammatical patterns were identified and discussed.
The results of the corpus analysis showed that the overall frequencies of JUST were similar in the NS and learner corpora. As for the frequencies of JUST by meanings, the ‘depreciatory’ JUST was found to be the most frequently used meaning in all of the corpora, and the ‘specificatory’ JUST the least. The top two frequently used meaning in the learner corpora, the ‘depreciatory’ and ‘restrictive’ JUST took up a high proportion of the total instances, which in turn led to a smaller variety of meanings. Next, we examined the lexico-grammatical patterns of the different meanings of JUST. Results indicated that different meanings of the adverbial JUST were induced when modifying different syntactic structures, co-occurring with specific contextual clues, or interacting with particular tense/aspect of verbs. Besides, the semantic features and the lexical choices are also important in determining whether the use of certain senses of JUST would be acceptable in a sentence. Incorrect semantic relation or lexical choice are found to contribute to questionable uses, for example, awkward use of the ‘specificatory’ JUST and confusion between JUST LIKE and SUCH AS.
With the inclusive knowledge of the frequencies of JUST and the semantic and syntactic features of the lexico-grammatical patterns JUST was used in, it is hoped that the findings will shed light on the perplexing issue of adverb acquisition.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104551018|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[英國語文學系] 學位論文|
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