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    Title: 《慾望街車》中的焦慮男人氣慨
    The Manhood with Anxiety in A Streetcar Named Desire
    Authors: 徐承遠
    Hsu, Cheng-Yuan
    Contributors: 姜翠芬
    Jiang, Tsui-Fen
    徐承遠
    Hsu, Cheng-Yuan
    Keywords: 田納西.威廉斯
    《慾望街車》
    男人氣慨
    焦慮
    Tennessee Williams
    A Streetcar Named Desire
    Manhood
    Anxiety
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-08-03 17:17:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 田納西.威廉斯的《慾望街車》於1947年首映,這部戲的成功使他成為美國重要的劇作家之一。該劇引起觀眾和讀者廣泛關注的原因之一是性別議題,它描繪了男女之間的性別不平等,也因為這樣,男主角史丹利受到批評家和觀眾大量的譴責。透過這部戲,威廉斯似乎在父權中強調了男人的力量和霸權力。
    然而,許多批評家很少關注劇中男性角色的男人氣慨。鮮少學者對當時劇中環境的分析,來探討這些男性角色承受的男人包袱。換句話說,劇中的男性被忽略了。
    在劇中,可以看出社會定義的男人氣慨受到高度重視,從四個男性角色:史丹利,米奇,艾倫和史蒂夫,可以看出男人對男人氣慨有相當大責任。藉由《慾望街車》對男性角色努力證明自己男人氣慨的描述,本論文主張他們對男人氣慨充滿焦慮。
    Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire premiered in 1947; its success elevated him to the top rank of America’s playwrights. One reason the play aroused much attention among audiences and readers was because of its representation of gender issue. The play depicts gender inequality between men and women. It is inevitable that the male protagonist, Stanley, rarely steers clear of the denunciations by the critics and audiences. Through this play, Williams seems to accentuate men’s power and dominance in a patriarchal system.
    However, many of the critics pay less attention to manhood of the male characters as an important gender issue in this play. What is more, there is no analytical exploration of the environment where all of these male characters’ demonstration of manhood is expected and requested. In other words, male characters’ manhood seems to be ignored.
    In the play, the concept of manhood as defined by society is highly regarded, entailing serious responsibility for the four male characters, Stanley, Mitch, Allan, and Steve, to live up to the ideals. All of them struggle with their manhood in a society and historical period when it is difficult to provide income, protect their family, and embrace homosexuality. With an emphasis on Williams’ depiction of male characters, this thesis argues that A Streetcar Named Desire reveals men’s anxiety about their manhood because they are supposed to authenticate their manhood with strenuous efforts.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    106551005
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106551005
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000852
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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