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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 統計學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/130959
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/130959


    Title: 基於 BERT 與 GRU 深度學習模型 - 建構新聞情緒下 Black-Litterman 投資組合
    Based on BERT and GRU Deep Learning Model - Constructing a Black-Litterman Portfolio under News Sentiment
    Authors: 夏秉宏
    Hsia, Ping-Hung
    Contributors: 翁久幸
    林士貴

    Weng, Chiu-Hsing
    Lin, Shih-Kuei

    夏秉宏
    Hsia, Ping-Hung
    Keywords: 投資組合理論
    情感分析
    股票投資預測
    自然語言處理
    深度學習
    Portfolio theory
    Sentiment analysis
    Stock price prediction
    Natural language processing
    Deep learning
    Date: 2020
    Issue Date: 2020-08-03 17:32:00 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Black-Litterman模型(Black et al., 1990)試圖通過投資者觀點分配的建構來解決 Markowitz Portfolio模型(Markowitz, 1952)所遇到的問題。然而,建立投資者觀點分配需要對投資資產的未來報酬進行預測,由於我們針對股票進行投資,故可被視為一個股價預測的問題。 在本研究中,我們使用深度學習的方法來預測我們的資產價格,除了以資產的股票價格和交易量作為特徵之外,同時也認為新聞情緒是影響股票走勢的重要因素之一。

    首先,我們使用 BERT(Devlin et al., 2018)衡量新聞情緒。將之定義為一個二元分類問題,並透過 BERT 模型進行情感分析訓練來判斷新聞資料帶來消息的好與壞。接著,利用三種不同的深度學習模型,分別為 vanilla RNN(Rumelhart et al., 1985),LSTM(Hochreiter et al., 1997)和 GRU(Cho et al., 2014)對股票價格進行預測,觀察不同模型的預測能力是否會影響 Black-Litterman 模型之表現結果。為了擁有夠多之新聞資料數量訓練BERT 模型,我們以美國標準普爾500指數(S&P 500)
    中之七檔成分股作為投資標的,目標在於建構績效良好之投資組合。因此,我們將以四種財務指標衡量基於三種不同深度學習模型建構出之Black-Litterman模型之績效,並以其他三種投資組合作為我們的基準模型。

    從本研究實證分析,我們可得到以下之結果:

    1. 在三種深度學習模型中,我們以均方誤差 (Mean Square Error) 比較模型預測結果的好壞。GRU 模型 在七項投資股票資產中的表現皆優於其餘兩個模型,更能夠有效捕捉到股票未來之走勢及價格。而 LSTM 模型的表現也比 RNN 模型來得更佳。

    2. 在投資組合的模型比較中,以 BERT 判斷新聞情緒並以 GRU 模型預測股價所建構出之 Black-Litterman 模型擁有最高的 46.6% 年化報酬率。同時,其擁有最高的 13.0% Sharpe Ratio 與 17.9% 之 Sortino Ratio,代表其在一定風險程度下,仍較其他建構出之投資組合來得更加優異。
    The Black-Litterman Model (Black et al., 1990) attempts to solve the problems encountered by the Markowitz Portfolio Model (Markowitz, 1952) through the construction of investor view distribution. However, the construction of an investor's point of view distribution requires future returns on investment assets. In this study, we use deep learning methods to predict our asset prices. In addition to the asset’s stock price and trading volume, we also assume that sentiment from news is one of the important factors that affect the stock trend.

    First, we use BERT (Devlin et al., 2018) to measure news sentiment. It is defined as a binary classification problem, and sentiment analysis training is conducted through the BERT model to judge whether the stock news bring good news or bad news. Then, use three different deep learning models, namely vanilla RNN (Rumelhart et al., 1985), LSTM (Hochreiter et al., 1997) and GRU (Cho et al., 2014) to predict the stock price and observe whether the predictive ability of the different models will affect the performance of the Black-Litterman model. In order to have enough news materials to train the BERT model, we use the seven stocks in the S&P500 as investment assets.
    The goal is to build a portfolio with good performance.
    Therefore, we will use four financial metrics to measure the performance of the Black-Litterman model constructed based on these three different deep learning models. At the same time, there are three benchmark models with the other portfolio methods.

    From the empirical analysis of our study, we can get the following results:

    1. Among the three deep learning models, we use mean square error to compare the model prediction results. The GRU model outperforms the other two models in the performance of seven investment stock assets, and can more effectively capture the future trend and price of the stock. The LSTM model performs better than the RNN model.

    2. In the comparison of the portfolio models, the Black-Litterman model constructed by using BERT to measure news sentiment and using the GRU model to predict stock prices has the highest annualized return rate of 46.6%. At the same time, it has the highest 13.0% Sharpe Ratio and 17.9% Sortino Ratio, which means that it is still better than other constructed portfolios under a certain degree of risk.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    統計學系
    107354017
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107354017
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000816
    Appears in Collections:[統計學系] 學位論文

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