政大機構典藏-National Chengchi University Institutional Repository(NCCUR):Item 140.119/131005
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 93779/124226 (75%)
造访人次 : 28876653      在线人数 : 517
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻


    请使用永久网址来引用或连结此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/131005


    题名: 天氣對保險購買行為之影響分析
    Analysis of Weather Effect in Behavioral Insurance
    作者: 古乙辰
    Ku, Yi-Chen
    贡献者: 彭金隆
    Peng, Jin-Lung
    古乙辰
    Ku, Yi-Chen
    关键词: 天氣效應
    日照時數
    行為保險
    情緒變數
    weather effect
    sunshine effect
    behavioral insurance
    mood
    日期: 2020
    上传时间: 2020-08-03 17:41:09 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 行為財務學主張天氣對於投資人情緒與風險判斷有顯著影響,天氣會影響消費者的心情與情緒,進而影響消費者對風險的偏好與判斷,根據文獻指出晴朗的天氣與樂觀的情緒有關,會使消費者增加對風險的偏好,此即「陽光效應」。本文主要探討保險是否也會受到天氣影響而產生天氣效應,天氣是否影響要保人情緒,進而影響風險偏好而反映在保障額度的選擇上,以驗證陽光效應是否一樣存在與於保險消費行為中。

    本文以回歸模型檢定某壽險公司實際投保2015-2019年間的傷害保險資料,分析保戶投保金額與天氣因子之間的關係。行為財務文獻發現天氣越好,導致越樂觀也越積極投資的「陽光效應」,但實證結果顯示保險交易中,則存在天氣越不好,導致情緒低落風險意識提高投保更高保險金額的行為。由於陽光此時與保險金額之間為反向關係,為避免混淆,本文將此陽光對保險金額之影響稱為「烏雲效應」。同時文中也將天氣資料進行分群並連結至要保人的情緒,分別探討在該情境下要保人對於陽光以及其他不同天氣因子的反應。

    根據本文的實證結果,未來保險公司在銷售商品時,建議可以針對不同的情境來因應消費者不同的情緒,並根據陽光及其他天氣因子的差異來調整行銷策略。
    Articles in behavioral finance state that weather has a significant impact on investors’ sentiment and risk judgment, and that nice weather is related to optimistic sentiment. Motivated by weather effect in behavioral finance, we examined the relationship between sunshine and the insurance amount purchased by policy holder.

    We used the ordinary least squares regression to analyze the impact of weather on the insured's risk preference, as well as the role of sunlight effect in insurance. The data is from one of the top five life insurance companies, from 2015 to 2019. Compared to sunshine effect in behavioral finance, sunshine has an inverse relationship with the insurance amount. In order to avoid confusion, we refer to the effect of sunshine on the insurance amount as "cloud effect". Results showed that cloud effect existed in some circumstances such as the weather that made people feel down or bright. We also grouped the weather data and linked to the mood of the policy holders, to conduct further discussion of cloud effect and mood effect.

    According to the empirical results of this article, we suggest that insurance companies can respond to different emotions of consumers according to different weather situations, and adjust marketing strategies based on sunshine or cloud and other weather factors.
    參考文獻: 一、中文部分
    王韻怡、池祥萱、周冠男 (2016)。行為財務學文獻回顧與展望:台灣市場之研究。經濟論文叢刊,44(1),1-55。
    周賓凰、池祥萱、周冠男、龔怡霖(2019)。行為財務學:文獻回顧與展望。證券市場發展季刊,14(2),1-47。
    郭敏華、李謙(2005)。陽光影響投資情緒?以臺灣股票市場為例。臺灣金融財務季刊,6(2),35-51。
    曾郁仁、王儷玲、何素蘭(1999)。風險趨避程度增加對市場保險與自我保險的需求分析。風險管理學報,1(2),53-64。

    二、英文部分
    Bagozzi, P., Gopinath, M. & Nyer, U., (1999), “The role of emotions in marketing”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 27(2), 184‐206.
    Bassi, A., Colacito, R., & Fulghieri, P., (2013), “’O sole mio: An experimental analysis of weather and risk attitudes in financial decisions”, Review of Financial Studies, 26(7), 1824-1852.
    Bless, H., Clore, L., Schwarz, N., Golisano, V., Rabe, C., & Wolk, M., (1996), “Mood and the use of scripts: Does a happy mood really lead to mindlessness?”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 665-679.
    Brown, G., & Cliff, M., (2004), “Investor sentiment and the near-term stock market”, Journal of Empirical Finance, 11(1), 1-27.
    Brown, G., & Cliff, M., (2005), “Investor sentiment and asset valuation”, Journal of Business, 78(2), 405-440.
    Cao, M. & Wei, J., (2001), Stock Market Returns: A Temperature Anomaly, Working paper, University of Toronto.
    Clore, G., & Parrott, W., (1991), In Emotion and social judgments. Ed. J. P. Forgas. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
    Croson, R., & Sundali, J., (2005), “The Gambler’s Fallacy and the Hot Hand: Empirical Data from Casinos”, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 30, 195-209.
    Goetzmann, W., & Zhu, N., (2005), “Rain or shine: Where is the weather effect?”, European Financial Management, 11(5), 559-578.
    Goetzmann, W., Kim, D., Kumar, A., & Wang, Q., (2015), “Weather-induced mood, institutional investors, and stock returns”, Review of Financial Studies, 28(1), 73-111
    Hirshleifer, D., (2001), “Investor psychology and asset pricing”, Journal of Finance, 56 (4), 1533-1598.
    Hirshleifer, D., & Shumway, T., (2003), “Good day sunshine: Stock returns and the weather”, Journal of Finance, 55 (3), 1009-1032.
    Kamstra, J., Kramer, A., & Levi, D., (2003), “Winter Blues: A SAD Stock Market Cycle”, American Economic Review, 93 (1), 324-343.
    Kamstra, J., Kramer, A., & Levi, D., (2000), “Losing sleep at the market: the daylight-savings anomaly”, American Economic Review, 90 (4), 1000-1005.
    Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A., (1979), “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision Under Risk”, Econometrica, 47, 263-291.
    Leinweber, J., (2007), “Stupid Data Miner Tricks: Overfitting the S&P 500”, Journal of Investing, 16, 15-22.
    Levy, O., & Galili, I., (2008), “Stock purchase and the weather: individual differences”, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 67(3), 755-767
    Loughran, T., & Schultz, P., (2004), “Weather, stock returns, and the impact of localized trading behavior”, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 39, 343-364.
    Rind, B., (1996), “Effects of beliefs about weather conditions on tipping”, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26, 137-147.
    Rosenthal, D., (2005), Consciousness and mind. Oxford University Press.
    Sanders, L., & Brizzolara, S., (1982), “Relationships between weather and mood”, Journal of General Psychology, 107, 155-171.
    Saunders, L., (1993), “Stock Prices and Wall Street Weather”, The American Economic Review, 83(5), 1337-1345.
    Schwarz, N., & Clore, L., (1983), “Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 513-536.
    Thaler, R., (1985), “Mental Accounting and Consumer Choice”, Journal of Marketing Science, 4, 199-214.
    Wilson, T., & Schooler, J., (1991), “Thinking too much: Introspection can reduce the quality of preferences and decision”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 181-192.
    Yuan, K., Zheng, L., & Zhu, Q., (2006), “Are investors moonstruck? Lunar phases and stock returns”, Journal of Empirical Finance, 13, 1-23.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    風險管理與保險學系
    107358006
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107358006
    数据类型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202000876
    显示于类别:[風險管理與保險學系 ] 學位論文

    文件中的档案:

    档案 描述 大小格式浏览次数
    800601.pdf729KbAdobe PDF10检视/开启


    在政大典藏中所有的数据项都受到原著作权保护.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回馈