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|Keywords: ||產業發展;飲食文化;北海道;日本內地;industrial development;food culture;Hokkaidō;Japan mainland|
|Issue Date: ||2008-12-08 11:23:12 (UTC+8)|
Modern Japan used the notion of 'syokusan kōgyō' (generating property and developing enterprise) as its slogan, often adopted strategies for regional industrial development. Such a move would certainly bring tremendous effects to local food culture. Drawn within the boundary of Japan in the early Meiji period and a 'frontier land' for industrial development and migration, Hokkaidō is a subject worthy for investigation. This paper uses Hokkaidō as the case study to explore the relationship between regional industrial development and food culture in modem Japan.Industrial development sometimes had direct effects on the diet of the e local population. Villages based on fishing in modem Hokkaidō continued the tradition from the Edo period to eat herring. Hokkaidō even developed a dish not popular among the population in Japan mainland, which was called 'sanpeiziru' by mixing a small amount of water with salted herrings for a soup. On the other hand, villagers, whether based on fishing or farming, consumed potatoes in their daily diet. This crop was novel to the Edo period and was a result of industrial development. At the beginning, the government introduced and promoted the growing of the American specie of potato, which was more suitable for the harsh and cold weather of the north. As the crop was easy to grow, the production of potato increased, and thus widely consumed by the locals. The production and consumption of paddy is a case in point. Based upon their customs of paddy cultivation in Japan mainland, inhabitants within the prefecture grew successfully new species of paddy sustainable in cold weather. Moreover, as rice-eating culturally represented status and wealth in Japan mainland, some of the Hokkaidō urban-dwellers, in towns or cities, would consume rice when their budget allowed. Such a cultural perception on rice also explains why modem fishery owners often provided rice to periodic workers from the villages during the fishing season.
|Relation: ||文化越界, 2, 106-121|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[日本語文學系] 期刊論文|
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