本研究是以榮格理論為架構，分析韓國建國神話與口傳神話中各具男女代表性的檀君神話與缽里公主。建國神話中最具代表性的神話可說是開國神話的檀君神話（단군신화），檀君神話是建國神話的最初神話，可藉此理解韓國先民的心靈原型樣貌，而口傳神話中鉢里公主（바리공주）一文敘述架構完整且流傳度擴及各地，以其跨越地域的傳播性可知各地區對它的認同，另因檀君神話的主角為男性，鉢里公主的主角則為女性之特性，故本研究選擇檀君神話代表男性神話與鉢里公主代表女性神話作為分析之文本。 由韓國不同的神話類型看男女在社會上地位的變化，可得知社會制度加深男女性別之間的差異，差異造成的不平等現象導致性別衝突的產生。但若以榮格理論從心理層面出發，男女之間的差異不一定只能對立，而是需要經過了解、接受，最後兩者融合並昇華為一個完整的個體。 本研究從韓國神話中有關婚姻型態的轉變探討性別在社會地位的高低變化，再透過了解榮格理論中各用語的概念，進而分析韓國兩大類型神話。兩個不同個性類型的神話分別代表韓國的兩性，透過榮格心理學分析兩文本，個體在潛意識裡與自身內在的阿尼瑪（或阿尼姆斯）融合達到個體化、昇華成全新的樣貌的歷程，期許現今的社會也能藉此在性別議題上消除對立，摸索出和諧的平衡。 Based on Jung's theory, this research analyzes the myth of Dangun and the Princess Bari, who are respectively representative figures of male and female of the founding of Korea and oral myths. Dangun myth (단군신화) can be the most representative myth in the founding myth. We can understand the spiritual prototype of the Korean ancestors by study it; The narrative structure of Princess Bari (바리공주) is complete. As the story was told across geographic region, we can tell it was well-identified and representative. Danqun mythology and Bari Princess are chosen to represent male and female mythology as the text of this analysis because they are representative figure in both gender. By studying the social status of men and women in different types of myths in South Korea, we observed that the ways men and women were treated differently in the social structure, and this inequality cause gender conflicts. However, if we start from psychological perspective based on Jung’s theory, the difference between men and women is not necessarily to be antagonistic. Between mutual understanding and acceptance, the two can finally merge and sublimate into a complete individual. This research explores the changes of social status in gender from the transition of marriage patterns in Korean mythology, and then analyzes the two major types of Korean myths by various terms understood in the concept of Jung's theory. The two figures and their personality represent men and women in Korea. Through the analysis of the two texts by Jung’s theory, the individual subconsciously merges with his inner Anima (or Animus) to achieve individualization and sublimation into a brand-new appearance. The research aims to eliminate opposition on gender issues and find a harmonious balance.
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