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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 統計學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/18166
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/18166


    Title: 臺灣與各國生育率模型之實證與模擬比較
    Other Titles: Comparing Fertility Models of Four Countries: An Empirical and Simulation Study
    Authors: 賴思帆;余清祥
    LAI, Sz-Fan;YUE, Jack C.
    Keywords: 生育率;Lee-Carter;擴散模型;交叉驗證;電腦模擬
    Fertility rate;Lee-Carter model;Diffusion model;Cross validation;Computer simulation
    Date: 2006-12
    Issue Date: 2008-12-19 14:52:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 除了美國外,經濟較為發達的國家近年來總生育率絕大多數都在 2.1 的㆟口替代水準之㆘,台灣㆞區在民國 93 年的總生育率首次降至 1.2 以㆘的歷史新低,民國 94 年的嬰兒出生數進㆒步降至約 20 萬㆟,預計又將創新紀錄,加速台灣㆞區的㆟口老化。由於台灣㆞區的生育率變化較大,筆者之前的研究發現其他各國的生育率模型不見得適用於台灣,本文希望能以系統式探討各國生育率,確定哪些生育率模型適用經濟較為發達的國家。本文引用台灣、日本(亞洲)、荷蘭(歐洲)、美國(美洲)等經濟發達國家的實證資料,加㆖電腦模擬與敏感度分析,評估包括Gamma、Lee-Carter、主成份分析(Principal Component Analysis)、單㆒年齡組個別估計法、擴散模型(Diffusion Model)等較為常用的模型,比較這些國家配適結果的異同。實證分析發現台灣、日本、美國都是以年齡組生育率個別配適擴散模型的總生育率最佳,荷蘭則是單㆒年齡組個別估計法;在年齡組生育率的預測方面,台灣、日本、荷蘭都是以年齡組生育率個別配適擴散模型最好,美國則是以單㆒年齡組個別估計最好。電腦模擬的結果則以單㆒年齡組個別估計法最佳,個別配適擴散模型次之。
    Except in the U.S., the total fertility rates of developed countries have been smaller than the replacement level of 2.1.
    Without exception, the total fertility rates in Taiwan dropped to a historic low (1.2) in 2004 and are expected to be even smaller in
    2006. In this study, we used the fertility data of four developed countries, Taiwan, Japan, the Netherlands and the USA (representing
    countries in Asia, Europe, and America), to fit the frequently used models (Gamma, Lee-Carter, Principal Component Analysis, Age-
    Group Fertility Rate, and Diffusion models) and determine which model has the best fit. We found that, for the total fertility rates,
    the best model in Taiwan, Japan, and the USA is our modified diffusion model, while in the Netherlands it is the age-group
    fertility rate model. For the age-specific fertility rates, the best model in Taiwan, Japan, and the Netherlands is the modified
    diffusion model, while in the USA it is the age-group fertility rate model.
    In addition, we use computer simulation to check the relative stability and relative efficiency of these fertility models. The
    age-group fertility rate model and the modified diffusion model also outperform other models. In conclusion, we recommend the readers use these two models.
    Relation: 人口學刊, 33,33-59
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[統計學系] 期刊論文

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