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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/24826

    Title: 分裂投票解釋觀點與臺灣選舉之應用:以2002年高雄市長與市議員選舉為例
    Other Titles: Explanations for Split-Ticket Voting and Their Applications to Taiwan’s Election: A Case Study of the 2002 Elections for City Mayor and Councilors of Kaohsiung
    Authors: 游清鑫
    Ching-Hsin Yu
    Keywords: 一致投票,分裂投票,平衡論,政黨認同,泛藍,泛綠;straight-ticket voting,split-ticket voting,balancing perspective,party identification,pan-blue,pan-green
    Date: 2004-06
    Issue Date: 2009-01-13 17:18:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 選民分裂投票的原因探討隨著近期分立政府的增加而受到更大的重視,以美國為背景的學術研究,在質量上皆有可觀之處。本文首先檢討當前有關選民分裂投票的解釋觀點,並一步探討這些解釋觀點的跨國適用性,文中指出,美國所具有的特殊政治結構與政黨體系,使得以美國為背景的分裂投票研究,應用到其他國家時,需要重新界定相關概念與內涵。本文第二部分則以2002年高雄市長與市議員選舉為例,探討選民分裂投票的成因,文中特別強調因應台灣現存政黨體系的特性,嘗試在傳統以個別政黨差異研究選民分烈投票的方式之外,再以「泛藍」與「泛綠」兩類政黨聯盟方式進行研究,並指出後者在本個案中具有較高的適用性,同時,研究結果也顯示選民的政黨認同強度、方向與過去投票習性,是解釋選民分裂投票行為的重要因素,其餘相關因素,如年齡、省籍、制衡觀念等,對不同政黨聯盟之持者之分裂投票行為有不同的影響力。本文最後提出研究所得與方法檢討,乎籲學術界因應台灣特有的政治結構與選民特性,對分裂投票研究提供更為完整的研究取向與內容。
    The study of the causes of voter’s split-ticket voting has gained its prominence following the increasingly emergence of divided governments in America. These literatures are having merits both in quality and quantity. This article firstly reviews the competing perspectives for the causes of voter’s split-ticket voting. It also addresses the issue of cross-national applications of these perspectives. It indicates that, given the unique political institutions and party system, American literatures find themselves difficult applying to other countries. Redefining the relevant concepts and connotations become necessary. This article then takes the 2002 survey data of the elections for city mayor and councilors of Kaohsiung as an example to study voter’s split-ticket voting. In particular, owing to peculiar party system in Taiwan, it examines voter’s split ticket voting based on individual party and the “pan-blue vs. pan-green” party coalition. It points out that, in Kaohsiung, party coalition model performs better in explaining voter’s behavior than the traditional party label. Also, this case study shows that the direction of party identification, the strength of party identification, and voter’s past voting patterns are significant for voter’s split-ticket voting in both party coalitions. The significances of other factors, such as voter’s age, voter’s provincial origins, sense of check-and-balance are different when they are applying to different party coalitions. In the concluding remarks, this article summarizes the outcomes and limitations of this study. It also readdresses the importance to formulate a research agenda for the study of the causes of voter’s split-ticket voting in Taiwan.
    Relation: 臺灣政治學刊, 8(1),47-98
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究中心] 期刊論文

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