English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88866/118573 (75%)
Visitors : 23563483      Online Users : 296
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/27439

    Title: Australia's Economic Relations with China and Taiwan in the Post-Cold War Era
    Authors: 劉德海
    Liou, To-Hai
    Contributors: 外交系
    Keywords: 澳洲;澳中關係;澳台關係;投資;貿易;Australia;Sino-Australian relations;Taiwan-Australian relations;investment;trade;education;tourism
    Date: 2003-10
    Issue Date: 2009-01-19 09:49:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 冷戰後時代與冷戰時代亞太國際關係的兩個最大不同點就是經貿事務的重要性與日俱增與中國的崛起。前者使澳洲與台灣皆面臨如何在安全利益與經貿利益間尋求平衡,後者亦使兩國思考如何因應中國的崛起。儘管台澳兩國皆處於同樣的國際情境,但是二者卻做出截然不同的抉擇。澳洲與大多數亞太國家一樣採取與中國交往的政策,另一方面台灣官方基於安全考量對中國大陸存在著相當的敵意,而台商則盼望強化與對岸的經貿互動。本文主旨在探討澳洲與台海兩岸的經貿互動。
    以上分析顯示中國對澳洲的重要性在過去幾年大幅提昇,而相對地台灣對對澳洲的重要性則呈現衰退的現象。因而導致台灣在此一三角關係中正處於相當不利的地位。晚近澳洲外長唐納(Alexander Downer)在北京的發言就是項值得吾人注意的發展。他稱台灣尋求獨立是項嚴重錯誤,並表示澳紐美防禦條約(ANZUS)並未規定澳洲一定要支持美國對台海用兵。這意味著澳洲對台海兩岸的立場可能會因其國家利益越來越依賴中國成長與中國龐大市場而改變。另一方面,台海兩岸經貿互動頻繁實際上提供澳商與台商聯手赴中國大陸投資的良好契機。" During the Cold War period, ideological and strategic considerations dictated nations' foreign policies as well as international relations. Asia Pacific was without exception. However, with the advent of the post-Cold War era, quite different from those in the Cold War period, at least two major characteristics of the international environment in Asia Pacific can be identified. The first one is the growing importance of economic affairs in international relations. In the Cold War period, national interest of most countries was monolith. To be more specific, economic interest was largely subordinated to security interest as a tool to achieve strategic and political goals. However, this is no longer the case in international relations in the post-Cold war era. For decision makers in Asia Pacific nowadays, the importance of economic affairs matters no less than security. Economic cooperation is always on the top agenda of summits. The most recent example is that Chinese Premier Jiabao Wen's visit to Russia. The visit was depicted in the media as energy trip. By the same token, economic cooperation topped agenda of South Korean President Moo-hyun Roh's trip to Russia in September, to India and Vietnam in October this year. The Russian trip was aimed at accelerating their economic cooperation in bilateral investment, energy, (linkage of) railways, space technology and information technology. In addition, it has become not uncommon that a country's economic interest conflicts with its security interest. This phenomenon exists not only between the two sides of Taiwan Straits, but also between Australia and China. China is both Taiwan's number one export market and the greatest security threat. Alternatively, for Australia, the worst scenario in the post-Cold War era is the confrontation between Washington and Beijing. This could put Australia in a dilemma torn between its security interest with the U.S. and economic interest with China. Derek McDougall points out ”If war were to break out over the Taiwan issue, and the US came to the assistance of Taiwan, there would then be pressure on Australia to provide some support to the US. This would be a very divisive issue in Australia but, in this extreme circumstance, priority would most likely be given to the US alliance over the relationship with China.”Another major characteristic of international environment in Asia Pacific since the end of the Cold War is the emergence of China.3 Despite of China's low per capita GDP (US$1,087 in 2003), according to WTO, PRC's total trade volume increased from US$325 billion in 1997 to US$500 billion in 2001. Its ranking in global trade thus has shot up from the thirty-second in 1979 to the fourth last year (2003). As a result, China has emerged as the third I argest imports nation in the world, only next to the U.S. and Germany.5 Last year, China's imports volume from Asia totaled US$272.9 billion, an increase of 42.4% from 2002. In particular, the growth rate of imports from the ASEAN, Japan, South Korea and India all recorded over 35%. 6 This has further deepened those countries' dependence on China's market. Furthermore, according to a report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), China, attracting US$53 billion of foreign direct investment (FDI), overtook the United States in 2003 as the world's biggest recipient of foreign direct investment. FDI to China continued to keep a stable growth rate of 11.99 per cent in the first half of this year (2004), with an actual FDI amounting to US$33.9 billion.7 Alternatively, in terms of amount of money used for merger and acquisition (M&A) in Asia Pacific, China emerged as the country that merged and acquired most companies of other countries in the area in the first half of this year.
    Relation: International Conference on Taiwan-Australian Economic Relations in the Context of the WTO
    Taiwanese Journal of Australian Studies, 5, 97-124.
    Data Type: conference
    Appears in Collections:[外交學系] 會議論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    97124.pdf1207KbAdobe PDF1083View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback