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    Title: 毛澤東時期“二線分工”的運作及其對決策過程的意涵
    Authors: 趙建民(Chien-Min Chao)
    Date: 2005-06
    Issue Date: 2009-07-29 21:41:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以決策研究法為分析途徑,討論毛澤東時期「二線分工」的運作。在定義上,「一線」領導直接參與決策,「二線」領導則間接參與決策。在運作的機構上,本文對一、二線的劃分以中央政治局常委會以及書記處為主。此外,本文亦根據正式法規以及領袖個人的聲望和地位,將中共領導人對於決策之影響區分為四類,並自黨、政務分工,以及領袖魅力與制度間的權力關係,勾畫出毛澤東時期「二線分工」之運作及意涵。最後,本文以中共政治決策的「二線分工」模式,探討其對於中共高層政治的影響。
    Relying on the decision-making approach, this article analyzes the "two-fronts arrangement" during the era of Mao Zedong. "First-front" leaders are those who directly participated in the policy-making process while leaders on the "second-front" are those who were indirectly involved in the process. The article argues that the best way to identify the affiliation of cadres is to have a detailed breakdown of personnel in the highest decision-making bodies: the Politburo standing committee and the Central Secretariat. The article focuses on the Chinese leadership during the Mao's era and it is divided into four categories according to official document, reputation, and status of leaders. The article further delineates the operation of the "two-fronts arrangement" according to the division of labor between the party and the state, charisma of the leaders, and formal institutions. To conclude, the article attempts to assess the impact of the "two-fronts" model on Chinese politics.
    Relation: 中國大陸研究
    48卷2期
    1-30頁
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[國家發展研究所] 期刊論文

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