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政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/29668

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/29668

Title: 臺灣九二一地震災民的羅夏克測驗反應型態
Authors: 劉瑞華
Contributors: 許文耀
劉瑞華
Keywords: 九二一地震
災難
創傷後壓力疾患
羅夏克墨漬測驗
人格結構
Date: 2002
Issue Date: 2009-09-11T07:59:57Z
Abstract:   災難是一項重大的創傷事件,常帶給人長久而深遠的影響。然而,多數的研究所關注的焦點都只在與創傷後壓力疾患(PTSD)有關的症狀反應上。本研究以羅夏克測驗作為研究工具,以了解921地震受災的居民內在的人格結構,並進一步探討PTSD與羅夏克測驗反應型態的關係。最後共收集32名在地震發生一年十個月後仍居住在組合屋的災民為樣本,比較他們的羅夏克測驗結果與常模的差異,結果發現當中有高比例的人呈現出逃避型的問題解決風格,普遍來說是壓抑情緒的,有著較低的現實機能(reality testing)與壓力耐受度;此外,他們有著較低的自尊與自我認同感,並且對人的關係是疏離的。此外,本研究根據災民們的創傷後壓力症狀篩選出3名符合PTSD診斷的災民,結果發現在13項與PTSD有關的指標中,3人都達到標準的只有2項(低Afr與T = 0),2人達到標準的則有2項(低X+%與高X-%),只有1人達到標準的有4項(矛盾型或逃避型EB、CF+C > FC、V > 0、pure H < 3),3人都未達到標準的有5項(m > 1、Y > 1、D Sscore < 0、Dd > 2、MOR > 1),整體而言並不支持PTSD的羅夏克測驗反應型態。根據本研究的結果,筆者認為應多關注災民在創傷後壓力症狀之外所受到的影響。此外,在使用羅夏克測驗衡鑑災民的心理狀態時,應避免當為鑑別診斷的決定性資料,而把焦點放在一般的適應功能上。
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
心理學研究所
88752001
91
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0088752001
學位論文
thesis
Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

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