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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 資訊管理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/31107
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/31107


    Title: 從釋意觀點探討大學生資訊系統專案團隊之運作
    Authors: 尤松文
    Contributors: 楊亨利
    尤松文
    Keywords: 釋意
    資訊系統專案開發
    學習策略
    專案團隊運作
    Sense-making
    Information System Development
    Learning strategies
    Project Team, Team Work
    Date: 2004
    Issue Date: 2009-09-14 09:15:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在知識的理論中,最惹人注目的問題之一,就是概念和知識怎樣產生,以及經驗與新的組織有什麼關係,在這個問題上有兩大對立的理論:行為主義與認知主義。在認知主義□又有一個很重要的關鍵點,就是探討出「人何以得知」的疑問,而這個疑問經由許多學者的研究仍沒有一個整合性的概念。架構在學習認知的這個疑問下,本研究利用Weick「釋意」概念做為理解的工具,針對學生的複雜學習歷程進行分析,採用個案研究的方式來進行,以了解學生如何將學習環境予以結構化、理解、詮釋與分析,最後採納行動並進行預測。
    資訊系統專案開發一直是資訊相關科系必要訓練之一。雖然此類資訊系統開發的規模不如業界,但是從學校教學的角度來看,透過一些實際個案的演練,學生應仍可獲得實務開發的經驗累積。而此種專題式的學習主要的重點在於學生如何運用團體的力量來獲得最佳的學習效果,因此團隊如何組成與運作,還有後續學習策略的運用對學生來說都是相當重要的。本研究個案一即以資料庫系統開發的十組學生團隊進行觀察,了解他們如何從自己的定位、組員的互動、領導角色的扮演到團隊集體共識的形成,而研究結果發現許多與實務專案團隊運作上相當不同之處,例如團隊領導與團隊情感的關係,分工型態的演變等。個案二建基於個案一的研究結果上,觀察學生的團隊狀況與他們所採行的學習策略之間的關係,研究結果亦發現學生之學習策略均建基於對團隊的認同上,對於學習環境的不同釋意也會影響所採行的學習策略。
    最後本研究從團隊合作與學生學習策略的說明來補足認知理論的不足,並以多層次的分析架構,從學生個人認同、團隊認同、班級認同逐層擴展,確立在專題式學習中個人地位、團體地位與組織地位的重要性,同時共提出十二大命題說明研究結果。
    From the perspective of the theory of knowledge, the most critical question is how concept and knowledge are produced, what are the relationship between experience and the new group. There are two opposing theories of this question: the association theory and the cognitive theory. In cognitive theory, the key point is to confer the doubt of how people get knows. Based on the cognitive theory, this research explored students’ sensemaking in the team formation, operation, and learning strategies through observation and interviews.
    Developing an information system is a requisite training for all MIS students. The learning activities include system analysis and design, database, programming, team working, schedule planning, etc. Such a project-based leaning, a database management course, was chosen by this study. There were two cases. In the first case, this research observed ten student teams to interpret how sensemaking to be a central activity in the construction of both the learning environments and the environments it confronts. Students continuously interpreted the meaning of learning environments, adjusted their steps with other team members in order to finish an information system. The results indicate that the characteristics of student project teamwork are different from the real world. In the second case, this research explored the relationship of team working and learning strategies. The findings show that students adopt learning strategies through their organization identity. Different interpretation of environment cause distinct learning strategies that students use.
    Finally, this research provides complementary explanations to the cognitive theory and uses multi-level theorizing model to replenish students sensemaking process. Twelve propositions are introduced to understand the IS development process from students’ deep insides.
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    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    資訊管理研究所
    89356505
    93
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0893565053
    Data Type: thesis
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