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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/31724
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/31724

    Title: 主體的被動性建構:梅洛龐蒂與拉崗論身體的欲望辯證
    The Passive Constitution of Subjectivity: the Dialectic of Desiring Body of Merleau-Ponty and Lacan
    Authors: 林靜秀
    Lin,Ching Hsiu
    Contributors: 蔡錚雲
    Tsai,Cheng Yun
    Lin,Ching Hsiu
    Keywords: 梅洛龐蒂
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty
    Jacques Lacan
    practical reason
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2009-09-14 11:56:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 相對於意識傳統為了滿足知識全知的條件,將身體的隱而未顯視為有缺陷的模糊,現象學重回日常生活世界裡的原初知覺經驗領域,身體作為缺席的模糊不再是認知的障礙,反倒作為潛在的背景是認知得以成立的必要條件。梅洛龐蒂強調完全還原的不可能,將理論重新寓居於身體,身體與世界交錯糾結無法分別,無法外於身體一語道破,只能夠不斷的描述身體與世界的關聯,使得不斷說明成為模糊效能的延續以堆疊出逸離的身體。
    On contrary to the western philosophical tradition , to set consciousness as priority, builds transparent knowledge. It regard the ambiguity character of body as fault. Phenomenology summons us to go back to primary field of lifeworld. Body is no more the barrier of cognition, instead body become the potential background as necessary condition of cognition. Merleau-Ponty stresses the impossibility of complete reduction. The consciousness inhabit in body in motion. Body is interwined with world and hard to divide. We can’t explore body as objective observer as if we were outside the world. What we can do is to descript the relationship between body and world. Make the descriptions to become the parts of invisible body.
    In order to catch the character of body’s exceed, we need to have aid of Lacan’s psychoanalysis. Lacan develop that unconsciousness is like the structure of language. It designates the subjectivity speaks beyond what he intend. People desire the lost Other outside the self and other as the third term, instead people used to series of substitutes around the absence as decentered circulation. Lacan identify people is in process of alienation, even in the initial stage. The real body which is fragmented could have effects as symbol. It’s not what people confused with imaginary images, but what people imagine is to continune body. The different body images is body’s substantial existence.
    Reference: 一、梅洛龐蒂著作
    Merleau-Ponty, M., Phenomenology of Perception, trans. Colin Smith, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1962.
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    ———, The Visible and the Invisible, trans. Alphonso Lingis, Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1968.
    ———, The Prose of the World, trans. Joseph Bien, Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1973.
    Lacan, J., The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book II, The Ego in Freud’s Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis, 1954-1955. trans. Sylvana Tomaselli. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1988.
    ———, The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book III, The Psychoses,trans. Russell Grigg, New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1993.
    ———, Écrits: A Selection, trans. Alan Sheridan, New York: W. W. Norton, 1977.
    ———, Écrits: The First Complete Edition in English, trans. Bruce Fink, New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.
    ———, The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis, trans. Alan Sheridan, New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.
    Burke, Patrick & Veken, Jan Van Der ed., Merleau-Ponty in Contemporary Perspecitves, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.
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    Dillon, M. C. ed., Merleau-Ponty Vivant, Albany: State University of New York, 1991.
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    ———, Experience and Judgment: Invesstigations in a Genealogy of Logic, trans. James S. Churchill and Karl Ameriks, Evanston: Northwestern University, 1973.
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    Lyotard, Jean-François, Phenomenology, trans. Brian Beakley, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991, p.92-94.
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    Rabil, Albert, Merleau-Ponty: Existentialist of the Social World, New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.
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    ———, Main Trends in Philosophy, New York: Holmes& Meier Publishers, Inc.,1979, p.163-4.
    Sallis, John ed., Merleau-Ponty: Perception, Structure, Language, Atlantic: Humanities Press, 1981.
    Schmidt James, Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Between Phenomenology and Structuralism:Between Phenomenology and Structuralism, London: Macmillan Publishers, 1985.
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    Spurling, Laurie, Phenomenology and the Social World: The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty and its Relation to the Social Sciences, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1977.
    Toadvine, Ted and Embree, Lester ed, Merleau-Ponty’s Reading of Husserl, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.
    Tymieniecka, A.T. and Matsuba, Shoichi ed., Analecta Husserliana LVIII, Immersing in the Concrete: Maurice Merleau-Ponty in the Japanese Perspective, Netherlands: Academic Publishers, 1998.
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    Appollon, Willy & Feldstein, Richardred, Lacan, Politics, Aesthetics, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.
    Boothby, Richard, Freud as Philosopher: Metapsychology After Lacan, New York: Routledge, 2001.
    Evans, Dylan, An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis, London: Routledge, 1996.
    Feldstein, Richard & Fink, Bruce & Jaanus Maire ed., Reading Seminar I and II: Lacan’s Return to Freud, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.
    Feldstein, Richard & Fink, Bruce & Jaanus Maire ed., Reading Seminar XI: Lacan’s Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995.
    Fink, Bruce, The Lacanian Subject: between Language and Jouissance, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1995.
    Foucault, Michel, Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology, trans. Robert Hurley and others, New York: The New Press, 1998,
    ———,The Order of Things: an Archaeology of the Human Sciences, London: Tavistock, 1970.
    Grosz, Elizabeth, Jacques Lacan: A Feminist Introduction, New York: Routledge, 1990.
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    MacCannell, Juliet Flower & Zakarin Laura ed., Thinking Bodies, California: Stanford University, 1994.
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    Pelt, Tamise Van, The Other Side of Desire: Lacan’s Theory of the Registers, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.
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    ———, The Plague of Fantasies, London: Verso, 1997.
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    Tsai, Cheng-Yun, “Phenomenology and Psychology Before and After the Phenomenological Reduction“, in Psychology, Phenomenology, and Chinese Philosophical Studies VI, Washington, D.C.: The Council for Research and in Values and Philosophy, 1994, p. 95-113.
    白內特(Bernet, Rudolf),〈梅洛龐蒂與拉康論注視、欲力與身體〉,洪維信譯,《現象學與人文科學》,二○○四年,第一期,頁二四五至二六四。
    Description: 博士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0891545031
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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