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    題名: 中國大陸鄉鎮選舉制度改革研究-四川省步雲鄉案例分析
    作者: 林惠琪
    貢獻者: 趙建民
    Chao, Chien Min
    林惠琪
    關鍵詞: 中國大陸
    地方選舉改革
    制度變遷
    步雲鄉
    China
    Local Election Reforms
    Institutional Transition
    Buyun Xiang
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2009-09-14 13:34:50 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文旨在探討1990年後期興起的中國大陸鄉鎮選舉改革。四川省遂寧市市中區步雲鄉1998年的鄉長直選係全中國大陸首例。因此以步雲鄉鄉長直選為案例,探討其起源、歷程、困境及意義為何?特別是著重探究推動基層選舉改革的動因為何?本論文使用「次級資料分析法」與「案例分析法」為研究方法,進而分析中國大陸基層選舉制度的相關海內外文獻,另採用理性選擇制度變遷、自主性制度變遷及強制性制度變遷等理論,以及國家與公民社會研究途徑,以探析影響中國大陸基層選舉改革的因素。
    The theme of this thesis lies in probing into the reforms of China’s local election at Xiang/township level that was beginning to rise in late 1990's. The election of Buyun Xiang chief directly in the Shizhong District of Suining in Sichuan Province set a precedent for the first time at the end of 1998. So in order to regard Buyun Xiang as the case, probe into the origin, course, dilemma and meaning of the Xiang chief election directly? Especially understand emphatically what promote the incentive of the election reform at the basic level? The thesis uses “secondary materials analysis” and “case study analysis” as the research method, as to analysing about the relevant documents which study the Mainland China electoral system at the basic level both at home and abroad, and choose Rational Choice Institutionalism, Motivational and Compulsory of Institutional Transitions, complement it with research approach of State and Civil Society, do case analysis to the factor influencing electoral reform at the basic level.
    參考文獻: I. Chinese Reference
    A. Papers and documents
    【1】 “Jiang Zemin zai Zhongguo gongchandang deshiwuci quanguo daibiao dahui shang de baogao (The Report in the CPC’s Fifteenth Party Congress),” Xinhua News Agency, http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2003-01/20/content_697189.htm.
    【2】 “Zhonggong Shuiningshi Shizhongqu quwei quanyu Buyunxiang zhijie xuanju xiangzhang gongzuo de qingkuang baogao (Report on Direct Election at Buyun Xiang by Shizhong County Party Committee of Shuining City of CCP),” Shui qu wai han (Letter of Shizhong County Party Committee) (1999)No.1.
    【3】 “Zhongguo gongchandang dishiwujie zhongyangweiyuanhei diwuci quanti huiyi gongbao (Publication Communique of fifth Plenary Session of the fifteenth CPC Central Committee),” Renmin ribao, October 12, 2000.
    【4】 “Zhonghua renmin gongheguo defan renmin daibiaodahui he defan geji renmin zhengfun zuzhifa (The Organic Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Local People’s Congresses and Local People’s Governments),” http://www.people.com.cn/GB/14576/28320/39838/39842/2947955.html.
    【5】 “Zhonghua renmin gongheguo xianfa (The Constitution of the People's Republic of China),” Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/flfg/2005-06/14/content_6310.htm.
    B. Articles and Research Papers
    【1】 “Dalu zhixuanshishang shouwie xiangzhang-Zhonggou nongcun minzhu gaige jinru xin jieduan (The First Xiang Head in the History of Direct Election in Mainland-Democratic Reform in Agriculture in a New Stage),” Fenghuang zhoukan (Phoenix Weekly), April 22, 2002.
    【2】 “Yun-nan honghezhou ‘dadan’ gaige ‘zhituizhixuan’ xingzhenzhang (‘Bold Reforms of ‘Direct Recommend and Direct Election’ of Xiang/Township Head in Hong He Zhou in Yun-nan Province),” Ban Yue Tan (China Comment), November 9, 2004.
    【3】 “Zhixuan xiangzhang (Direct Election of Xiang Head),” Nanfang zhoumo (Nanfang Weekend), March 5, 1999.
    【93】 Tao Dongming & Chen Minmin (January1996). Dangdai Zhongguo zhengzhi canyu(Modern China’s Political Participation), (Zhejiang Remmin Chubanshe).
    【94】 Teng Shuping, Huang Weiping & Liu Chienkuang (2003). “Dapengzhen yu Buyunxiang xiangzhenzhang xuanjugaige zhi bijiao(Subject Group of Political Institute of Contemporary China Shenzhen University: Dapeng Town Shenzhen and Buyun Sichuan-A Comparison of the Reform Fate of the Two Elections of Xiang Head),” Dangdai Zhongguo yanjiu (Modern Chinese Study), No.1.
    【95】 Tian Hua (January 2004). Gongminshehui lilun (Civil Society Theory), Minzhu yu kexue (Democracy & Science).
    【96】 Wan Mingchan (2002). “Buyun zhixuan xiangzhang sannianji (The Three Years of Direct Election of Xiang Head in Buyun),” Juece zixun (Policy Making Consultation), No.12.
    【97】 Wang Jiantang (2000). Daxue xuesu yanjiu yu xiezuo (Thesis Research Method and Writing) (Taipei: Tung Hua Press).
    【98】 Wang Mingming (2003). Guojia yu shehui guanxi shi shiye zhong di zhongguo xiangzhen zhengfu (Chinese Xiang/ Township Government from View of State and Society relations), (Bejing: China Renmin University Press).
    【99】 Wang Shaoguang & Zhao Qin (2002). “Shimin shehui yanjiu(Research on Civil Socity),” Kaifang shidai (Open Times), No.3.
    【100】 Wang Xiaoyan (2002). “Dangdai shimin shehui lilun dui zhongguo shimin shehui de qushi (Inspiration of Contemporary civil society to China' civil society),” Guizhou shifandaxue xuebao (Journal of Guizhou Normal University) (Social Science), No.6.
    【101】 Wang Yaoshen (August 2000). Xinzhidu zhuyi (New Institutionalism), (Taipei: Yang-Chih Book Co., Ltd.).
    【102】 Wang Yeying (2004). “Xiangzhen jicengminzhu xuanju de zhidu chuangxin ji qi wanshan(The Institutional Innovation and Maturity of Local Democratic Election at Xiang/Township Level),” Qingdao xingzhengxueyuan xuebao(Journal of Qingdao Administrative College), No.6.
    【4】 Ai Lisheng (2005). “Xiangzhenzhang zhijie xuanju de tizhixing maoduan ji jiejue silu (Reflections on Systematical Contradiction of Direct Election of Villages and Towns' Chief),” Lilu shiye (Theoratical Horizon), No.3.
    【103】 Wang Yi (2003). “Buyun zhixuan ruhe zouchu ganga (How Does Direct Election at Buyun Get out of Embarassment),” Zhongguo gaige (China Reform), No.8.
    【104】 Wang Yi (2003). “Xiangzhen de zizhi he xianzheng: Sichuansheng Buyun xiangzhang zhixuan zhihou (The Autonomous Administration and Government of Limited Power: After the Direct Election in Buyun Sichuan),” Dangdai Zhongguo yanjiu (Study on Contemporary China), No. 4.
    【105】 Wei Shaoliang & Guo Shan (2005). “Lishi zhiduzhuyi:lilun yu yingyong (Historical Institutionalism: Theory and Application),” Zhonggong jinanshiwei dangxiao xuebao (Journal of the Party School of Cpc Jinan Municipal Committee), No.4.
    【106】 Wen Tiejun (June 18, 2001). “‘Sannong wenti’xiangguan taolun Zhong de sishierfei(The paradox of Discussion with ‘Problem of Agriculture’),” ShijiZhongguo,http://www.saas.ac.cn.
    【107】 Wu Licai (2004). “Xiangzhen xuanjuzhidu he jiceng minzhu jianshe(Xiang/ Township Election institution and Grassroots Democracy Development),” Xuexi yuekan (Study Monthly), No. 5.
    【108】 Wu Licai (November 1, 2006). “Xiangzhengaige yao yindizhiyi (Reform at Xiang/Township level should be appropriate in the light of local conditions),” System Reform at Xiang/Township level siminar, sannong Zhongguosnzhongguo: http://www.snzg.cn.
    【109】 Wu Wencheng (January 1996). Zhengdang yu xuanju gailun (Introduction of Political Party and Election), (Taipei:Wu-Nan Book Inc.)
    【110】 Xiang Jiawu & Liang Quichun (2004). “Gongminshehui lilun tanxi ji qi xianshi sikao (Theoretical Explaration of Civil Society and Its Realistic Meditation),” Shayang shifan gaodeng zhuanke xuexiao xuebao(Journal of Shayang Teachers College), No.1.
    【111】 Xu Renhui (1999). “Zhidu bianqian yu meiguo yusuan gaige (Institutional Transition and American Budgeting System Reform),” Dongwu jingji shangxue xuebao (Soochow Journal of Economics and Business), No.24.
    【112】 Xu Sijian (December1, 2002). “ Shiliuda zhengzhi qingshi yanpan (The Prospect of CCP Political Situation in 16th national congress),” Zhanwang 2003nian liangan zhengjing fazhan yantaohui (Preview 2003:Cross-Straits Politics and Economic Development Seminar), held by Research Development and Evaluation Commision Exective Yuan,Taiwan think tank and National Sun Yat-Sen University.
    【5】 Bai Yihua (2002). “Jiwentou de tuijin xiangzhen zhengfu lingdao ganbu de zhijie xuanju (Carry forward direct election of Xiang/Township Government Head steadily),” http://www.chinaelections.org/NewsInfo.asp?NewsID=67832, August 26.
    【113】 Xu Siqin (February1, 2002). “Xinzhiduzhuyi yu dangdai zhongguo zhengzhi yanjiu: lilun yu yingyong zhijian duihua de chubu guancha (New-Institutionalism and Modern China Politics Study: the Initial Observation of Dialogue between Theory and Application),” Zhengzhi xuebao (Journal of Political Science).
    【114】 Xu Yong (2002). “Xianzheng, xiangpai and cunzhi: xiangcun zhili de jiegouxing zhuanhuan(The Structural Transition of Township Government and Villagers’Committee under Villagers’Autonomy),” Jiangsu shehui kexue (Jiangsu Social Sciences), No.2.
    【115】 Yan Chaojun & Yang Xiantao (2005). “Guanyu xiangzhenzhang zhixuan de sikao(About the Thinking of Head of Villages and Towns Being Elected Directly),” Sichuan xingzhengxueyuan xuebao (Journal of Sichuan Administration College), No.1.
    【116】 Yan Jirong (May 9, 2005). “Zhongguo zhengzhi fazhan: lilun yu shijian de shuangchong bianzou (Political development in China: duet-variation of theory and practice),” Xuexi shibao (Studytimes), No.328.
    【117】 Yang Fulu (2006). “Guanyu lishi zhiduzhuyi(Historical Institutionalism),” Shandong shifandaxue xuebao (Journal of Shandong Normal University), No. 4.
    【118】 Yang Ruilong (2000). “Zhongjian kuosan de zhidubianqian yu difangzhengfu de chuangxin xingwe (Institutional Change from Middle and Innovation of Local Government),” Zhongguo zhidubianqian de anli yanjiu(Case Study of Insitutional Change in China), Vol. 2 (Bejing: China Financial & Economic Publishing House).
    【119】 Yang Xuedong, Lai Hailong, He Zengke & Gao Xinjun (October 2004). Jicengminzhu he difangzhili chuangxin (Grassroots Domocracy and Local Governance Innovation), (Bejing: Central Compilation & Translation Press).
    【120】 Yang Zhanying (2004). Gongming shehui chansheng yu fazhan de waibu luoji tanxi─ yi zhengshi quojia de zuoyong wei fenxi shijiao (An Inquiry into the External Logic of the Emergence and Development of civil society─ from the Perspective of the Role of Political Country), Jiangsu shehui kexue (Jiangsu SheHui KeXue), No.4.
    【121】 Yu Jianrong (2001). Yuecun zhengzhi— zhuanxingqi Zhongguo xiangcun zhengzhi jiegou de bianqian (Politics in Yuecun—The Change of Rural Political Structure in Transition), (Hongkong: Commercial Press).
    【122】 Yu Jianrong (2002). “Xiangzhen zizhi: genju he lujing (Township Autonomy: Basis and Route),” Zhanlve yu guanl i(Strategy and Management), No.6.
    【6】 Cai Chihpin (2007). Cai, “Sichuansheng suiningshi shizhongqu buyunxiang caixing (The Family Name in Buyun Town Shihchung District Suining City Sichuan Province),” CaiShi Zongci (the Cai Ancestral Hall), http://www.cs138.net, March 31.
    【123】 Yu Keping (2002). Zhongguo gongminshehui de xingqi yu zhili de bianqian (The emerging of civil society and its significance to governance in reforom China), (Beijing: Social Science Academic Press).
    【124】 Yuan Zushe (1999). “Zhongguo ‘shiminshehui’ji qi jibenjiazhi quxiang chutan (The Initail Probe into Chinese’Civil Society’ and its Basic Value Focused),” Qiushi xuekan (Seeking Truth), No.4.
    【125】 Yuan Zushe (1999). “Zhongguotese‘shiminshehui’ de fayu ji qi wenhuajiazhi tanjiu (Research on Development of ’Civil Society’ with Chinese Characteristic and its cultural value),” Beijing shifandaxue xuebao (Journal of Beijing Normal University), No.1.
    【126】 Yuan Zushe (2001). “‘Shiminshehui’lilun: chanshi Zhongguo shehui xiandaihua de xinshijiao(The Theory of Civil Society:the New Field of Vision of Interpretation of the Modernization of Society in China),” Shanxi shifandaxue jixujiaoyu xuebao (Journal of Further Education of Shaanxi Normial University), No.2.
    【127】 Zhan Chenfu (2001). “Guanyu woguo xiangcun zhijiexuanju de jige wenti(Few Questions about Direct Election in Village in China),” Shehuizhuyi yanjiu (Socialism Studies), No.4.
    【128】 Zhan Chenfu (January14, 2005 ). “The Director of the State Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Division of Grassroots and Community-building Communicate with Audience on Line,” http://www.mca.gov.cn.
    【129】 Zhang HoAn (October25, 2006). “Shehuizhuyi Zhongguo nongcun zouxiang hefang?— jianguohou nongcunshehui gaige de shijian yu fansi (The Future of Socialist Chinese Rural area—the Implement and Thinking of Reform in Rural Socity after Establishing CCP),” Zhongguo nongcun yanjiuwan,http://www.ccrs.org.cn.
    【130】 Zhang Jinming (2004). Buyun zhixuan: Sichuansheng Suiningshi Shizhongqu zhixuan shilu (A Faithful Record of the Direct Election in Buyun Xiang Suining City Sichuan Province), Xibei daxun chubanshe (Xian: Northwest University Press).
    【131】 Zhang Jinming(2002), “Buyunxiangzhang zhixuan de beijing, guocheng yu xiaoguo (The Background, Precess and Effect of Direct Election of Xiang Head in Buyun),” Zhongguoxuanjuyuzhiliwan, http://www.chinaelections.org, October 14.
    【132】 Zhao Baoxu (1990). Minzhu zhengzhi yu defang renda (Democratic Politics and Local People‘s Congress), (Shanxi People’s Publishing House).
    【7】 Cai Dingjian (2003). “Gongmin suzui yu xuanju gaige diaocha (A Survey of Citizen Quality and Election Reform),” Zhanive yu guanli (Strategy and Management), No.2.
    【133】 Zhao Jianmin (2004). Dangdai Zhonggong zhengzhi fenxi (Analysis of Modern China Politics) (Taipei: Wunan Culture Enterprise, June).
    【134】 Zhao Xiuling (2002). Zhongguo xiangli zhidu (Institutions at Xiang Level in China), (Bejing: Social Science Academic Press).
    【135】 Zhou Ruipeng (1999). “Tamen giongpale, suoyi zhixuan xiangzhang-nongmin gaixie zhonggong lishi (They were frightened by poverty so they elected the Xiang head directly-Farmers Have Changed the History of the Chinese Communist Party),” Singapore Zaobao, November 4.
    【136】 Zhu Demi (2004). “Dangdai xifang zhengzhikexue zuixin jinzhan— xingwezhuyi, lixingxuanzelilun he xinzhiduzhuyi (Current Development of Modern Political Science—Behaviorism, Rational Choice Institutionalism and New Institutionalism),” Jiangxi shehuikexue (Jiangxi Social Sciences), No.4.
    【137】 Zou Subin, Huang Weiping & Liu Jinguang (2003). “DaPongzhen yu Buyunxiang xiangzhenzhang xuanju gaige zhi bijiou (Comparison of Results of Election Reforms of Xiang/Township head Between Dapong Town of Shenjun City and Buyun Xiang of Sichuan Province),” Xiandai Zhongguo yanjiu (Modern China Studies), No.1.
    C. Newspaper
    【1】 “Zhongguo jumin shouru chaju buduan kuoda(How great on earth is the income gap of residents in China?),” Jingji ribao (Economic Daily), August 30, 2001.
    【2】 Li Fan, “Looking into direct election of Xiang Head,” Huasheng Monthly, March 5, 1999.
    【3】 Zha Qingjiu, “ minzhu buneng chaoyue falv (Democracy is not allowed to surmount the law),” Fazhi ribao (Legal Daily), January 19, 1999.
    【4】 Zhou Ruipeng, “Tamen qiong pa le, suoyi zhixuan xiangzhang— nongmin gaixie Zhonggong lishi (They were frightened by poverty so they elected the Xiang head directly-Farmers Have Changed the History of the Chinese Communist Party),” Singapore Zaobao (Singapore Zaobao), November 4, 1999.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    中國大陸研究英語碩士學程(IMCS)
    94925009
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