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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/32473
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    Title: 兒時情緒無效性、情緒抑制與兒童及青少年憂鬱症和偏差行為之關係
    Authors: 王志寰
    Wang, Chih-Huan
    Contributors: 鍾思嘉
    吳英璋
    許文耀




    王志寰
    Wang, Chih-Huan
    Keywords: 兒時情緒無效性
    情緒抑制
    憂鬱症
    偏差行為
    結構方程模式
    SEM
    Date: 2004
    Issue Date: 2009-09-17 13:12:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討兒時情緒無效性、情緒抑制與心理及行為問題之結構方程模式考驗。受試樣本為國小五年級、國中二年級及高中二年級計1050人,以心理傷害量表、負向情緒社會化量表、情緒抑制量表、兒童憂鬱量表及偏差行為量表進行施測。資料分析以性別、與年齡進行多因子變異數分析及事後比較,瞭解各變項在性別及年級上之差異。並且採結構方程模式考驗兒時情緒無效性、情緒抑制與心理及行為問題間模式之適合度。

    研究結果發現,子女知覺的兒時情緒無效性、憂鬱傾向及偏差行為因性別而有不同,且隨著年齡增長,個體有越高程度的兒時情緒無效經驗、情緒抑制及心理及行為問題出現。而結構方程模式考驗證實情緒抑制為兒時情緒與憂鬱傾向間之調節因子,個體形成憂鬱傾向前,會先形成長期依賴情緒抑制策略。但此模式在兒童樣本並不鎮定,顯示兒童尚處於情緒分化及成熟階段,因應情緒策略逐步在此成形,而國中和高中樣本模式皆相當穩定,顯示國中以後個體因應策略已發展完成。偏差行為則不符合模式考驗,路徑分析發現在心理傷害與偏差行為間存在直接路徑,意即可由早期心理傷害直接引發偏差行為。

    最後根據研究結果及討論提出對未來研究、家庭和學校教育、以及諮商實務三方面的建議。
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