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    Title: 四位台灣國中生之聽力策略個案研究
    A Case Study on Four Junior High School Students' Experiences in Developing EFL Listening Strategies
    Authors: 張立宛
    Chang,Li Wan
    Contributors: 招靜琪
    Chao,Chin-Chi
    張立宛
    Chang,Li Wan
    Keywords: 維高斯基
    社會文化理論
    重要他人
    聽力策略
    聽力策略教學
    Vygotsky
    Sociocultual theory
    significant others
    listening strategies
    the instruction of listening strategies
    strategy instruction
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2009-09-17 16:21:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本個案研究旨在探討實施聽力策略教學對四位台灣國中生的影響與衝擊。 不同於以往傳統認知取向的策略教學,本文採用維高斯基(Vygotsky)社會文化取向理論來分析學生的學習;相信策略教學與學習應該考量到學生與外界環境及人際間的互動,而非只探討教學本身的成效。因此本研究在個案對策略學習及自主學習的觀感和態度上多所著墨。文獻回顧內容則涵蓋聽力策略的理論及聽力策略教學實施情形及成效的研究。
      本研究對象針對37位八年級的學生實施為期18週的聽力教學。但重心放在四位個案身上。研究方法採用質化的學生訪談及學生學習日記的分析輔以量化的聽力策略問卷。實施的步驟分為準備期、診斷期、教學期、練習期、及評估期。在教學開始前,學生們先通過全民英檢初級的聽力測試以評估其聽力能力並篩選個案。然後,實施聽力策略問卷調查以觀察學生平時使用的策略。之後,學生們接受六項聽力策略的教導,包含:猜測、分類、類推、記筆記、選擇性專注、及詢問。在教學實施期間,個案被要求寫學習日記,記錄對所學策略的感想及使用情形。學習日記及訪談是分析個案學習情形的主要資料。
    第四章則著重於探討四位個案的家庭背景,學校表現,及對自主學習的態度和想法。目的是希望完整呈現四位個案不同的人格及學習特質,及之所以他們會如此學習的原因。第五章記錄了研究的兩樣重大發現:
    1. 聽力能力較高的同學顯然比聽力較弱的學生更能夠有效率的交互使用「由上而下」 及「由下而上」的聽力策略。而聽力較弱的同學則傾向於過度依靠直接翻譯」策略。
    2. 原本一向被傳統認知學習策略所忽略的情意方面的因素,反而似乎是影響學生策略學習的主因。這些情意方面的因素包括了:學生如何控制自己的脾氣,學習態度,及情緒。更重要的是,學生似乎都傾向於需要找到生命中的重要他人,並依靠這些較有能力的大人來提供他們踏出學習第一步時必要的安全感,知識,能力,方法及學習的動力。
    因此,本研究的發現,回應了維高斯基的社會文化取向理論。唯有先透過人際間的互動與學習,才有可能回歸自我,反求諸己,達到內省與自發的境界。本研究希望能藉由教育現場的真實互動情形,喚醒策略學習及教學研究者對社會文化取向的學習理論,以及學生情意態度影響學習成效的重視。
    The purpose of this case study was to investigate four Taiwanese junior high school learners’ listening strategy use when receiving listening strategy instruction. Different from conventional quantitative SLA strategy studies, this present qualitative case study, adopting sociocultural perspectives, grounded on the conception that the issues of strategy learning should not be understood only in terms of direct instruction and its effectiveness. Instead, exploring the learning processes in which learners and the external environment are necessary. Therefore, this case study focused on the discussion of four learners’ attitude toward learning and their perspectives toward listening strategy instruction.
    The participants of this study were 37 students in a Taiwanese junior high school in the Taipei city. Yet, the focus was on four cases, Natalie, Tom, Jasmine and Jin Pin. Three major data collection instruments were adopted including the quantitative questionnaire, qualitative interviews and learning journals kept by the four cases. The instructional procedure was divided into five stages-- preparation, diagnosis, instruction, practice, and evaluation. A sample GEPT listening comprehension test was given to the students to pretest their proficiency in the diagnosis stage. Then the instruction on six listening strategies--guessing, grouping, inferencing, note-taking, selective attention, and asking for clarification was provided for 18 weeks. The Listening Comprehension Strategy Questionnaire based on Wang (2000) was conducted to identify the learners’ listening strategy use. Their learning journals were evaluated to explore their ongoing problems and perceptions toward learning the strategies.
    In Chapter Four, the profiles of the four cases were illustrated including their family background, school performance, and attitude toward learning autonomously to give a full picture of their learning habits. In Chapter Five, major findings are summarized. First, the case study echoed the previous finding that more skillful listeners seem to use both the ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ strategies more effectively while less skillful listeners rely too much on direct translation. Second, some salient issues previously not emphasized were found including learners’ affective concerns and their ability to control emotions, turned out to powerfully influence the learners’ learning. The learners needed to be assisted first by some adult surrogates and their significant others and to gain enough guidance, assurance, sense of security and control over the emotions before they can move on to self-regulated learning. If not, their learning tends to be subject to their own emotions, which are mostly controlled by the interaction between the learners and the external environment or the others.
    This finding consisted with the sociocultural perspective in that learning is a collaborative process between the learners and their social contexts. Only through interaction with others can learners achieve a new level of autonomy. To foster learner autonomy, strategy training needs to account for a more interactive view of learning.
    It also suggests that more efforts should be paid to explore the impact of learners’ affective and social concerns on their language learning toward autonomy.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學研究所
    929510052
    96
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0929510052
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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