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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 統計學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/33923
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/33923


    Title: 疾病群聚檢測方法與檢定力比較
    Disease Cluster Detection Methods and Power Comparison
    Authors: 王泰期
    Wang, Tai-Ci
    Contributors: 余清祥
    王泰期
    Wang, Tai-Ci
    Keywords: 空間群聚
    累計型資料
    疾病偵測
    檢定力
    Spatial Cluster
    Count Data
    Disease Detection
    Power
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2009-09-17 18:49:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 空間群聚分析應用於流行病學已行之有年,但國內這方面的研究仍較缺乏,尤其在找出哪些地區有較高疾病發生率的群聚偵測。本文針對台灣鄉鎮市資料的特性,提出一套合適的群聚檢測方法,這個方法使用兩階段的電腦模擬,實證上更容易使用;這個方法除了可找出最大顯著群聚外,也能夠偵測出多個群聚的分佈。本文使用電腦模擬比較本文的方法與目前使用較為廣泛的方法(包括Kulldorff(1995)的spatial scan statistic和Tango(2005)的flexible scan statistic),以型一誤差、型二誤差及錯誤率三種標準衡量方法的優劣。最後套用台灣癌症死亡率與健保就診次數資料,探討台灣癌症空間群聚與就診情形的變化。
    Spatial cluster analyses have applied in epidemiology for many years. In this topic there still are few researches in Taiwan, especially in detecting the areas which have higher disease intensity. In this paper, we proposed a new cluster detection method which is aimed at Taiwan counties’ data. This method which uses two-stage computer simulation procedures is useful in practice. This method can find the most likely cluster. Besides, it can find multiple clusters. We use computer simulations to compare our method with others (Kulldorff’s spatial scan statistic& Tango’s flexible scan statistic). Type-I error, Type-II error and error rate are criterions of measurement. At last, we use Taiwan cancer mortality data and all the people health insurance data to discuss Taiwan cancer spatial clusters and the change of diagnoses.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    統計研究所
    933540041
    94
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0933540041
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[統計學系] 學位論文

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