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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/34697


    Title: 社會規範與最適移轉之研究
    Authors: 陳怡君
    Contributors: 吳家恩
    陳怡君
    Keywords: 社會規範
    最適移轉
    勞動供給
    道德危機
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 10:57:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文探討社會規範影響個人的勞動供給以及政府的最適移轉決策。利用效用函數分析個人勞動供給決策而得到以下的結果,在考慮社會規範的情況下,政府移轉造成個人勞動供給減少的幅度較小,所以社會規範具有提升個人勞動供給的誘因。除此之外,給付金額或所得稅稅率的增加,會降低個人的勞動供給。
    為了兼顧移轉計畫的公平與效率目標,本文將個人的勞動供給決策放入社會福利函數加以考量,利用極大化社會福利函數以決定政府的最適移轉與所得稅稅率。結果發現,社會規範的強度增強,造成領取給付的人數比例下降,所以在政府移轉支出固定下,每位領取給付者的最適移轉金額提高。另外,考慮工作者有利他動機與道德危機的影響,發現工作者有利他動機時,個人的勞動供給會增加;道德危機增加時,個人的勞動供給隨之減少。政府則可以透過教育改變個人的行為,加以提升社會規範的強度,進而影響個人的勞動供給決策。
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政研究所
    93255007
    94
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093255007
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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