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    題名: 台語文學論爭及其相關發展1987~1996
    THE TAIGI LITERATURE DEBATES AND RELATED DEVELOPMENTS (1987-1996)
    作者: 吳長能
    Wu, Chang Neng
    貢獻者: 戴寶村
    江文瑜

    Tai, Pao tsun
    Chiang, Wun yu

    吳長能
    Wu, Chang Neng
    關鍵詞: 台語文學
    母語教育
    文字化
    白話文
    Taigi Literature
    Vernacular Education
    Script Standardization
    Colloquial Writing
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2009-09-18 11:35:45 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 發生在1987~1996期間的台語文學論爭,是台語文學運動追求文學語言的表現,也就是台灣受外來政權統治,本土語言文化要求獨立自主的表現。日治時期,有過鄉土文學及台灣話文論爭、但因皇民化運動壓制而受挫。接著,國民黨在台灣推行華語的「國語政策」,壓制各族群語言,各族群語言瀕臨滅亡的危機。由於台灣社會民主化,促使台語文學運動再度興起。台語文學論爭就在這種時空背景下產生。

    台語文學論爭有二個很重要的核心議題。一就是中國本位與台灣本位價值觀點的衝突。二就是以台語做為文學語言的訴求。因為這二個議題的辯論,而引發台語文字化、母語教育、語言政策等相關議題的發展。因為台語文學論爭,打破獨尊華語的權威,其他族群的語言文化運動也受到鼓舞。台語文學論爭不但追求自己的生存空間,也激起客家族群及原住民族追求本身語言文化的主體性。雖然台灣本土認同興起,但面到英語國際化的壓力,如何取得均衡,也是一個嚴肅的議題。

    本論文在探討台語文學論爭除了追溯到歷史淵源,也涉及相關發展,及延伸到對未來發展的意義。在理論應用上也藉由高低文字的理論來詮釋台語文學運動,包括台語文學定位問題、台語文學論爭及相關發展的議題。另外本論文將戰後曾被殖民過的國家,他們的語言發展,跟台語文學運動做一個比較。我們希望這一本論文,能夠做為未來台灣語言發展的參考。
    The Taigi literature debates between 1987 and 1996 were the result of the Taigi literature movement’s efforts to pursue the status of literary language for Taigi. They were also the result of native languages and cultures in Taiwan attempting to attain subjectivity under foreign domination. The Taiwanese homeland literature and language debates occurred in the Japanese colonial period; however, they were hindered by the oppression of the Japanization movement. The suppression of native languages continued under the KMT regime, which implemented Mandarin as the state-mandated language under the ‘National Language Policy’. As a result, many ethnic languages in Taiwan suffer from serious language attrition. Owing to the democratization of Taiwanese society, the Taigi literature movement arose again and this led to the re-occurrence of the Taigi literature debates.

    There are two important core issues in the Taigi literature debates. One is the value conflict between Chinese viewpoints and Taiwanese viewpoints. The other is the appeal of Taigi as a literary language. As a result of debates arising about these two issues, related developments like debates over Taigi script standardization, vernacular education and language policy also arose. The fact that the Taigi literature debates challenged the authority of the ‘Mandarin Only’ policy also stimulated the language and culture movements of other ethnic groups in Taiwan. The Taigi literature debates not only pursued a living space for Taigi, but also encouraged Hakka and aboriginal ethnic groups to pursue the subjectivity of their own language and culture. Although Taiwan local consciousness arose, it encountered competition from the English language through globalization. Thus the question of how to obtain balanced development between localization and globalization has become a major issue for native languages in Taiwan.

    This thesis explores not only the historical origins of the Taigi literature debates but also development related to the debates as well as their influence on the future development of Taigi literature. This thesis applies the theory of diglossia and digrphia in explicating the Taigi literature movement, including the orientation of Taigi literature, Taigi literature debates and related developments. In addition, this thesis also refers to the language development of a number of former colonies and compares their experiences with Taiwan. We hope that this research can contribute to the development of Taiwanese language in the future.
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    - (1997). “Taiwanese sky and Taiwanese soil: Discoursing the idea and practice of Taigi literature of Huang Shih-Hui.” Di Er Jie Taiwan Bentu Wunhua Guoji Syueshu Yantaohui Lunwunji [The Second International Academic Conference Proceedings of Taiwan Local Culture]. Taipei, Taiwan: NTNU, 221-237.
    - (2001). “The edge struggle of Taigi literature: Based on the heart of Taigi literature argument from the 1980s to the 1990s.” In Jhang. et al. (eds.) Maisiang 21 Shihji De Taiwan Minzu yu Guojia Lunwunji [The Proceedings of Conference of Taiwan Nation and State in Striving forward 21 Century]. Taipei, Taiwan: Wu San-Lian Taiwanese History Material Foundation, 291-305.
    Luo, Zhao-Jin. (羅肇錦). (2001). “The Taiwan literature, Hakka Literature and Hakka civil literature” Guowun Tiandi [Mandarin World], 194: 4-9.
    Pasuya, Poiconu. (浦忠成). (2005). “The historical procession and outlook of aboriginal Education development and construction” Yuanjhu Minzu Jiaoyu Guoji Syueshu Yantaohui [International Aboriginal Education Conference]. Taipei, Taiwan: Aboriginal Language Education & Culture Research Center of NCCU Version
    Si Ping-Hua. (施炳華). (1998). “Basic understanding of native language teaching.” Jiaoshih Jhih You [Friend of Teacher], 39(3): 1-6.
    Siangyang. (向陽). (1993). “The voice from digging soil: Trying to discuss the rising and pioneer of Taigi poem in the post war era” Yingsiang Jhongsheng: Bashih Niandai Taiwan Wunhua Cingjing Guanca [Facing to the Public: The Observation of Taiwanese Culture Situation in 1980s]. Taipei, Taiwan: San-min, 127-154.
    Song, Ze-Lai. (宋澤萊). (1987b). “Writing before publication: The coming era of Taiwanese script standardization.” Taiwan Sin Wunhua [Taiwan New Culture], 9: 62-63.
    - (1987c). “Anti-violence in the city of Tann-niau: A story of a half Mainlander.” Taiwan Sin Wunhua [Taiwan New Culture], 10: 52-66.
    - (1989). “Why be pessimistic-judgment of Taigi literature view of Liao Hsien-hao” In Lu (eds.) (1999). Taiyu Wunsyue Yundong Lunwunji [The Conference Proceedings on Taiwanese Literature Movement], 109-111.
    Su, Jhen-Chang. (蘇貞昌). (1992). “Preface” In Wang (eds.) Pindongsian Muyu Jiaocai-Heluoyu [Vernacular Language Textbook in Pindong-Holo]. Pindong, Taiwan: Pindong County Government, 2.
    Syu, Shui-Lyu. (許水綠). (1987). “Agreement in tongue tip and pen tip” Taiwan New Culture [Taiwan Sin Wunhua], 15: 94-103.
    Syu, Sian-Ping. (許獻平). (2005). “The advocator of Taigi literature movement: Huang Jing-Lian” Taiwan Wunsyue Pinglun [Taiwn Literature Comment], 5(4): 30-48.
    Tang, Ting-chi. (湯廷池). (1997). “The theory and practice of vernacular education” Huawun Shihjie [Mandarin World], 86: 51-61.
    TiuN, Hak-khiam. (張學謙). (1999). “The analysis of consciousness type in writing: Example of Taiwanese Youth” Dongshih Yuwun Syuekan [National Taitung University Language Journal], l2: 205-236.
    - (2003). “Mother-tongue literacy and the reservation and development of mother-tongue” Kiann-hiong to-bun-ji e Tai-gi-bun: Bun-ji thai-too kap tsing-tshik lun-bun-tsip (Taiwanese)[Taiwanese Language Striving for Digraphia: Conference of Language Attitude and Policy]. Taidong, Taiwan: Rei-yu, 169-185.
    - (2006). “India’s official language status planning: The eighth schedule and language recognition” Taiwan Guoji Yanjiu Jikan [Taiwan International Studies Quarterly], Winter 2(4): 131-168.
    Wun, Chao-Sun. (文超順). (1992). “Introduction of the promotion of native language teaching in Yilan county.” Lanyang Wunjio [Lanyang Culture and Education], 29: 43-44.
    Yang, Chang-Jhen. (楊長鎮). (1991). “Social movement and Hakkanese awakening of the consciousness of Cultural identity” In Syu (eds.) Paihue yu zucyun he sianshih jhih jian [Hesitating between Ethnicity and Reality]. Taipei, Taiwan: Jheng-jhong, 193.
    Yu, Cing. (尤清). (1993). “The preface of county magistrate” In Wu (eds.) Taibeisian muyu jiaosyue jiaocai silie [Taipei County Vernacular Teaching Textbook Series], Taigi Textbook Book One. Taipei County, Taiwan: Taipei County government, 3.
    3. Theses
    Chen, Chiu-Ping. (陳秋萍). (2003). Self Identity and Subject Construction in (Taiwan) Aboriginal Literature, M.A. Thesis: Providence University in Taijhong County, Taiwan.
    Huang, Chia-Cheng. (黃嘉政). (2002). A Study of the Development of Taiwanese Education in Postwar Taiwan (1945-2002), M.A. Thesis: National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei, Taiwan.
    Hung, Wen-Jou. (洪雯柔). (2001). Dialectic Process of Globalization and Localization:Its Implications for Comparative Education. Doctoral Dissertation: National Chi Nan University, Nantou County, Taiwan.
    Lan, Bo-Tang. (藍博堂). (1992). The Debates of Taiwanese Homeland Literature and Responses Thereto. M.A. Thesis: National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei, Taiwan.
    Tan Siok-iong. (陳淑容). (2001). Taiwanese Homeland Literature of the 1930’s The Arguments and Responses Thereto. M.A. Thesis: National University of Tainan, Taiwan.
    Tsai, Cheng Hui. (蔡政惠). (2007). Indigene-Han Relationship of aboriginal Literature is Written, M.A. Thesis: Taipei Municipal University of Education, Taiwan.
    Wang, Li-Ying. (王麗瑛). (2002). A Study of the Current Mother Tongue Teaching Implemental Situation and Training of Mother Tongue Teacher in the Elementary School of Pingtung County. M.A. Thesis: National Ping Tung University of Education, Taiwan.
    4. Newspapers and Homepages:
    Ang, Ui-jin. (洪惟仁). (1989b). “Impressive purism: the evaluation of the Liao’s blind spots and limitation of the theory of Taigi Literature movement” [Lingren gandong de cunhua zuyi: ping Liao wun Taiyu wunsyue yundong lilun de mangdian yu yusian]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, July 6~7.

    Ang, Ui-jin. (洪惟仁). (1996). “Is Taigi writing not a good thing?” [Taiyu siezuo yao bu de ma?]. Taipei, Taiwan: China Times, July 10-11.
    BaBu. (巴布). (2007). “Language education by way of suicide by abandoning the mother tongue and pursuing foreign languages (II)” Taiwan English Network [Taiwan Yingyu Wang]. Updated March 24, Accessed at < >on July 24, 2007.
    Chen, Ruo-Si. (陳若曦). (1996). “Taigi writing is not a good thing” [Taiyu siezuo yao but de]. Taipei, Taiwan: China Times, June 10.
    Cheng, Robert L. (鄭良偉). (1989b). “More liberal literature space: Some basic understanding of Taigi literature” [Geng guangkuo de wunsyue kongjian: Taiyu wunsyue de yisie jiben renshih]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, July 14-16.
    Huang, Chun-Mei. (黃春梅). (2007). “The enigma of children’s English education”, Wanglu Shihhuisyue Tongsyun y [The Communication of Network Sociolog]. Vol.67. Updated December15, Accessed at <http://www.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/67/67-30.htm> on February 8, 2008.
    Huang, Shih-Hui. (黃石輝). (1930). “Why not promote vernacular literature (I)”[Zenme bu tichang siangtu wunsyue(I)]. Taipei, Taiwan: Wu Ren Bao, Aug.
    - (1931). “A couple of my replies” [Wo de ji jyu dabian(I)]. Taipei, Taiwan: Jhao He Sin Bao, Aug 15.
    Huang, Shuan-Fan. (黃宣範). (1987). “What should language policy do?” [Yuyan jhengce he cyu he cong]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, January 6.
    Jhang, Wo-Jyun. (張我軍). (1925). “The meaning of new literature movement” [Sin wunsyue yundong de yiyi]. Taipei, Taiwan:Taiwan Min Bao, Aug. 26.
    Jiang, Jhao-Cing. (江昭青). (2005). “New research: The key of English learning is in junior high school” [Zuesin yanjiou: Yingyu syuesi guanjian zai guojhong]. Taipei, Taiwan: China Times, May 1.
    Lai, He. (賴和). (1926). “The comparison of new and old literature after reading the Tai-Rih Paper” [Du Tai Rih jhih sin jiou wunsyue jhih bijiao]. Tokyo: Taiwan Min Bao, Vol.89, January, 24.
    Lee, Fong-Ming. (李豐明). (2003). “Evaluate records on Holo speech debating contest” [Pingshen heluohua bianlunsai You Gan]. Taipei, Taiwan: The Liberty Times, May 04.
    Li, Ciao. (李喬). (1991). “A wide road of language: Some thought on Taiwanese languages” [Kuanguang de yuyan dadao: Dui Taiwan yuyan de sihkao]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, September 29.
    Lian Wun-Cing. (連溫卿). (1924). “The quality of a lingual society” [Yanyu jhih shihhui de singjhih]. Tokyo: Taiwan Min Bao,Vol.19, Oct. 1.
    - (1924). “Taiwanese language in the future” [Jianglai jhih Taiwanyu]. Tokyo: Taiwan Min Bao,Vol.20&21, Oct. 11&21.
    Liao Hsien-hao. (廖咸浩). (1989). “The revolution requires more nutrients: Blind spots and limitations of Taigi literature movement theory” [Syuyau gengduo yangfen de geming: Taiyu wunsyue yundong lilun de mangdian yu yousian]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post June 16.
    Lin, Jin-Sian. (林錦賢). (1991). “Write out our own dignity” [Yao yong bi sie chu women de zunyan]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, November 7.
    Lin, Pei-Rong. (林佩蓉). (2005). “What price do you pay for a child’s English kindergarden?”, Yingyu Jiaoyu Dianzih Yuekan [English Education Electronics Monthly Publication]. Updated on April 5, Accessed at <http://ejee.ncu.edu.tw/issues/2005-04-5.html> on February 8. 2008.
    Lin, Yang-Min. (林央敏). (1989). “Don't distort the Taigi literature movement: Retort Mr. Liao Hsien-hao” [Buke nioucyu Taiyu wunsyue yundong: Bo Liao Hsien-hao siansheng]. Taipei, Taiwan: People’s Newspaper, July 9-10.
    - (1991). “Return to the facial accent of Taiwan literature” [Huigui Taiwan wunsyue de mianciang]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, September 6-7.
    - (1996). “Writing with national language is definitely a good thing: Retort the Chinese standard value perspective of Chen Ruo-Si” [Yong minzu de yuyan siezuo jhen yao de: Bo Chen Ruo-Si nyushih de Jhongguo benwiguan]. Taipei, Taiwan: People’s Newspaper, June 30~July 2.
    Peng, Rui-Jin. (彭瑞金). (1991a). “Local literature and bernacular literature” [Bentu wunsyue yu bentuyu wunsyue]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, April 28.
    - (1991b). “Don’t ignite the bomb of language” [Cing wu dianran yuyan jhadan]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, October 7.
    - (1991c). “Language, script and literature” [Yu wu wunsyue]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, October 27.
    Song, Ze-Lai. (宋澤萊). (1987a). “The oroblem of Taigi script standardization” [Taiyu wunzihhua de wenti]. Taipei, Taiwan: Independent Evening Post, January 17.
    Syu, Li-Jhu. (許麗珠). (2005). “Why forbid kindergartens to teach English? Analyze the argument about if children should learn English or not”, English teaching, (electronic magazine) Dunhuang Yingyu Jiaosyue Dianzih Zajhih [Caves English Teaching Electronics Magazine]. May Publication, Accessed at <http://cet.cavesbooks.com.tw/htm/m050509.htm>on February 8, 2008.
    Wu, Xin-Feng. & Chang, Chien-ju. (吳信鳳&張鑑如). (2002). “The enigma of English learning age: To talk about children's English education in Taiwan from the critical period of language learning” Renben Jiaoyu Zajhih [Humanity Education Notes], Vol.158, August, Accessed at <http://www.e-parents.org.tw/showAll/show2/a2>on February 24, 2008.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    臺灣研究英語碩士學程
    92924005
    96
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0929240052
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[台灣研究英語碩士學程(IMTS)] 學位論文

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