English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 92429/122733 (75%)
Visitors : 26340459      Online Users : 543
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/35749

    Title: 社會網路結構與消費外部性
    Authors: 孫立政
    Sun, Li-Cheng
    Contributors: 陳樹衡
    Sun, Li-Cheng
    Keywords: 網路結構
    network topology
    scale-free network
    consumption externality
    hysteresis effect
    Date: 2004
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 15:55:24 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Phan (2003)等人的研究首先採用網路結構的觀點,來進行在獨占市場下的消費行為分析。本文延伸Phan等人的研究,採用多樣性的不同網路結構,特別是以「無標度網路」(scale-free)作為市場背後的網路結構,藉此來探討網路對於市場需求行為的影響。同時,為了有效地進行量化分析,我們建立了一些數學公式,以便能夠精準地比較不同網路對於需求面的影響程度,其中包含了消費者剩餘、雪崩效果和磁滯效果等。在實驗結果中,我們發現網路結構的確會影響到消費行為的表現,並且當市場規模變大時,仍存在著一些因網路不同而有的差異性。
    The economic implications of network topologies are studied via a monopolist's model of market networks originally proposed by Phan, et al. (2003). By embedding the market into a larger collection of network topologies, in particular, a class of scale-free networks, we extend the early analysis built upon a class of ring networks. To facilitate the study of the impacts of network topologies upon market demand, various measures concerning social welfare (the consumer's surplus), the avalanche effect, and the hysteresis effect, are formally established. Comparisons based on these measures show that network topologies matter, and their implied differences will remain even when the network size becomes large.
    Reference: 中文部分:
    林建煌(2002)消費者行為, 智勝文化。
    Albert, R., H. Jeong, and A.-L. Barabasi (1999), “Diameter of the World-Wide Web
    ”, Nature 401, pp 130.
    Albert, R. and Barabasi, A. (2002)”Statistical Mechanics of Complex networks ” Reviews of Modern physics 74, pp. 47-97.
    Allen, B. (1982),”Some Stochastic Process of Interdependent Demand and Technological Diffusion of an Innovation Exhibiting Externalities Among Adopters”, International Economic Review 23, pp. 595-607.
    Arrow, K.J. and R. Borzekowski (2000), “Limited Network Connections and the Distribution of Wages”, Mimeo: Standford university.
    Bala, V. and S. Goyal (2000),” A Noncooperative Model of Network Formation”, Econometrica, Vol 68, No 5, pp. 1181-1229.
    Banerjee, A. (1992) ”A Simple Model of Herd Behavior.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 108, pp 797-817.
    Barabasi, A-L and R. Albert (1999), “Emergence of Scaling in Random Networks”, Science, Vol 286, pp 509-512.
    Barabasi, A. (2002), Linked: The New Science of Networks. Perseus, Cambridge, MA.
    Bertrand, M., E. Luttmer, and S. Mullainathan (2000), “Network Effects and Welfare Cultures”, Quarterly Journal of Econmics 115(3), pp. 1019-55.
    Blume, L.E. (1993), ”The Statistical Mechanics of Strategic Interaction”, Games and Economic behavior, v5, pp. 387-424.
    Blume, L.E.(1995),”The Statistical Mechanics of Best-Response Strategy Revisions”, Games and Economic Behavior, 5, pp. 387-424.
    Blume, L.E. and Durlauf S.N. (2001),”The Interaction-Based Approach to Socioeconomic behavior”, In Durlauf S.N. and Young P.(eds), Social dynamics,MIT Press, Cambridge Ma, pp. 15-44.
    Bikhchandani, S., Hirshleifer, D. and Welch, I. “A theory of fads, fashion, custom and cultural change as informational cascades”, Journal of Political Economy 100(5), pp. 992-1026.
    Bolton, P. and M. Dewatripont (1994), “The Firm as a Communication Network”, Quarterly Journal of Economics 109(4), pp 809-839.
    Borjas, G.. (1995), “Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Captial Externalities”, American Economic Review 85(3), pp. 365-90.
    Brock, W. A and Durlauf, S. (2001)”Discrete Choice with Social Interactions” The Review of Economic Studies 68, pp 235-260.
    Coleman, J. (1966), Medical Innovation: A Diffusion Study, Bobbs-Merrill, New York.
    Cowan, R and N. Jonard(2004),"Network Structure and the Diffusion of Knowledge" , Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, v28, no8, pp. 1557-1575.
    Dorogovtsev, S. N. and J. F. F. Mendes (2002), “Evolution of networks”. Advances in Physics 51, pp.1079-1187.
    Dorogovtsev, S. N. and J. F. F. Mendes (2003), Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet andWWW. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    Duflo, E. and E. Saez (2002),”Participation and Investment Decisions in a Retirement Plan: The Influence of Colleagues` Choices ”,Journal of Public Economic 85, pp. 121-148.
    Durlauf, S. (1990)“Locally Interacting Systems, Coordination Failure, and the Behavior of Aggregate Activity.”Mimeo, Standford University, Standford, CA.
    Ellison, G. (1993),”Learning, Local Interaction, and Coordination”, Econometrica, 61, pp. 1047-71.
    Evans, W., O. Wallace, and R. Schwab (1992), “Measuring Peer Group Effects: A Study of Teenage behavior”, Journal of Political Economy 110, pp. 93-126.
    Follmer H.(1974)“Random Economics with Many Interacting Agents.” Journal of Mathematical Economics 1, pp 51-62.
    Foster, A., and M. Rosenzweig (1995),”Learning by Doing and Learning From Others: Human Capital and Technical Change in Agriculture”, Journal of Political Economy 103(6), pp. 1176-1209.
    Girvan, M. and M.E.J. Newman (2002), “Community Structure in social and biological networks”,PNAS, Vol 99, No 12, pp. 8271-8276.
    Gladwell, M. (2000), The Tipping Point: How little things can make a big difference. Little Brown, New York. (時報出版:引爆趨勢)
    Glaeser, E., B. Sacerdote, and J. Scheinkman (1996),”Crime and Social Interactions”, Quarterly Journal of Economics 111(2), pp. 507-548.
    Goyal, S. (2003),”Learning in networks: a survey” Forthcoming in, Group formation in economics: networks, clubs, and coalitions,edited by G. Demange and M. Wooders. Cambridge University Press.
    Granovetter M. (1995), Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers, 2nd ed , University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
    Granovetter, M. (1985)“Economic Action and Social Structure: A Theory of Embeddedness. ”American Journal of Sociology 91, pp 481-510.
    Hong, H., J. Kubik, and J. Stein (2001),”Social Interaction and Stock-Market Participation”, forthcoming Journal of Finance.
    Jackson, M.O., and A. Wolinsky (1996), “A strategic model of Economic and Social Networks”, Journal of Economic Theory 71(1), pp. 44-74.
    Kirman A.P. (1997a) “ The economy as an evolving network” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 7, pp 339-353.
    Kirman A. P. (1997b) “The Economy as an interactive system ” In: Arthur W. B., Durlauf, S., Lane, D.(Eds), The Economy as an Evolving Complex SystemⅡ, Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, pp. 491-531.
    LeBaron B., (2000) ”Agent-based Computational Finance: Suggested Readings and Early Research”, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 24, pp. 679-702.
    Lotka, A.J (1926), “The frequency distribution of scientific productivity”, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, Vol 16, pp 317-323.
    Madrian B. and D. Shea (2001), “The Power of Suggestion: Inertia in 401(k) Participation and Savings Behavior”, Quarterly Journal of Economics 116(4), pp. 1149-1187.
    Milgram, S. (1967), “The Small-World problem ” Psychology Today 1, pp 60-67.
    Montgomery, J. (1991), “Social Networks and Labor Market Outcomes”, American Economic Review 81, pp. 1408-1418.
    Newman, M.E.J., S.H. Strogatz, and D.J. Watts (2001),” Random graphs with arbitrary degree distributions and their applications”, Physical Review E 64, 026118.
    Newman M.E.J.(2003),”The Structure and Function of Complex Network”, SIAM Review 45, pp.167-256.
    Newman, M.E.J. and J. Park (2003),” Why social networks are different from other types of networks” Arxiv preprint cond-mat/0305612.
    Phan D., Pajot S. Nadal J.P. (2003) "The Monopolist's Market with Discrete Choices and Network Externality Revisited: Small-Worlds, Phase Transition and Avalanches in an ACE Framework" , Ninth annual meeting of the Society of Computational Economics University of Washington, Seattle, USA, July 11 – 13.
    Pareto, V. (1897), Cours d`Economie Politieque, Vol 2 ,Universite` de Lausanne.
    Radner, R. (1993), “The Organization of Decentralized Information Processing”, Econometrica 61, pp 1109-1147.
    Rees, A. (1966), “Information Networks in Labor Markets”, American Economic Review 56, pp. 559-566.
    Rogers, E.M. (2003), Diffusion of Innovations, 5rd ed, Free Press, New York.
    Simon, H. A. (1955),” On a class of skew distribution functions”, Biometrika, 42, pp 425-440.
    Strogatz, S. H, (2001) “Exploring complex networks” Nature 410, pp 268-276.
    Swedberg, R. (1990), ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY: Redefining Their Boundaries. Princeton University Press.
    Tesfatsion L., (2001) ”Agent-based Computational Economic: A Brief Guide to the Literature”, In Michie J.(ed.), Reader`s Guide to the Social Science, Volume 1, Fitzroy-Dearborn, London.
    The Royal Swedish Academy of Science,(2002)” Foundations of Behavioral and Experimental Economics: Daniel Kahneman and Vernon Smith”
    Topa, G. (2001),”Social Interactions , Local Spillovers and Unemployment”, Review of Economic Studies 68, pp. 261-296.
    Watts,D.J. and S.H. Strogatz(1998),”Collective Dynamics of ‘small-world’ networks ”Nature 393, pp 440-42
    Watts, D. J.(1999), Small Worlds. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
    Watts, D. J.(2003), Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. Norton, New York.
    Weidlich W., Haag G., (1983) Concepts and Models of a Quantitative Sociology,
    the Dynamics of Interacting Populations, Springer Verlag, Berlin.
    Valente T.W., Davis R.L. (1999), ”Accelerating the Diffusion of Innovations Using Opinion Leaders”, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 566, no. 1, pp. 55-67(13).
    Yang, S. (2004),”On financial market instability: an analysis using agent-based modelling”
    Young, P. (1998), Individual Strategy and Social Structure, Princeton University Press.
    Zipf, G. K. (1949), Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort: An Introduction to Human Ecology, Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, MA.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0091258014
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    25801401.pdf42KbAdobe PDF698View/Open
    25801402.pdf45KbAdobe PDF695View/Open
    25801403.pdf55KbAdobe PDF734View/Open
    25801404.pdf57KbAdobe PDF685View/Open
    25801405.pdf55KbAdobe PDF672View/Open
    25801406.pdf159KbAdobe PDF1043View/Open
    25801407.pdf540KbAdobe PDF1516View/Open
    25801408.pdf312KbAdobe PDF1014View/Open
    25801409.pdf192KbAdobe PDF904View/Open
    25801410.pdf87KbAdobe PDF727View/Open
    25801411.pdf58KbAdobe PDF853View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback