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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/36589


    Title: To "Make" or to "Buy"?Innovation and Vertical Integration in Vertically-related Markets
    Authors: 李文傑
    Lee, Wen-chieh
    Contributors: 溫偉任
    李文傑
    Lee, Wen-chieh
    Keywords: 賽局理論
    上游廠商
    下游廠商
    研發活動
    反拖拉斯法
    game theory
    upstream
    downstream
    R&D
    antitrust
    double marginalization
    spillover
    Date: 2003
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 18:55:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以一個簡單賽局理論模型為分析依據,探討企業間的自製或是外包策略對整體社會福利的影響。 傳統經濟理論分析告訴我們自製策略可以解決雙重邊際化的問題。但在本文我們舉出一個反例,亦即當存在研發的可能及上下遊市場的研發外溢效果時,垂直整合可能會造成廠商過度研發的情形,最終產生整體社會福利不效益情形。
    In this paper, we set up a game-theoretic model, in which the whole industry is composed of a downstream monopolist and two upstream firms. This paper discusses the major debate in a firm’s market strategy: to make or to buy the components it needs. Traditionally, economic theories told us that vertical integration strategy (make strategy) can solve the problem of double marginalization and hence increase profits as well as social welfare. Nevertheless, this result does not necessarily hold when R&D possibility is introduced. We show that when there is downstream to upstream R&D spillover, vertical integration may result in an over-investment in R&D from the social standpoint. This result may shed some light on the rationale behind recent antitrust rulings.
    Reference: 1.Areeda, Phillip, Kaplow, Louis., 1997, ``Antitrust Analysis
    5th edition," Aspen Law and Business.
    2.Choi, J.P., 1989, ``An Analysis of Cooperative R&D,"
    Working Paper, Development of Economics, Harvard University.
    3.Choi, J.P., 1993, ``Cooperative R&D with product market
    competition," International Journal of Industrial
    Organization,11, 553-71.
    4.Choi, J.P., Gwanghoon Lee and Christodoulous Stefanadis,
    2002, ``The Effects of Integration on R&D Incentives in
    Systems Markets," Payment System Studies, Research Dept.,
    Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    5.d'Aspremont, C. and A.Jacquemin, 1988, ``Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in Duopoly with Spillovers," American
    Economic Review, 5, 1133-7.
    6.Damiano Bruno Silipo, and Avi Weiss, 2001, ``Cooperation and
    Competition in R&D with Uncertainty and Spillovers," Report
    of research project supported by Science Technology and the
    Economy Program, (STE), at the Samuel Neaman Institute for
    Advanced Studies in Science and Technology.
    7.Gellhorn, Ernest, Kovacic, William E., 1994, ``Antitrust Law
    and Economics 4th\quad edition," St. Paul,Minn.
    8.Katz, M.L., 1986, ``An analysis of cooperative research and
    development," European Journal of Political Economy, 4,
    527-43.
    9.Marjit, S., 1991, ``Incentives for cooperative and non-
    cooperative R and D in Duopoly," Economics Letters, 37,
    187-191.
    10.Motta, M., 1992, ``Cooperative R&D and vertical product
    differentiation," International Journal of Industrial
    Organization, 10, 643-61.
    11.Suzumura, K., 1992, ``Cooperative and Non-cooperative R&D
    in a Oligopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review,
    82, 1307-20.
    12.Tirole,J., 1988, ``The Theory of Industrial Organization,"
    MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際經營與貿易研究所
    197878
    92
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0091351001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 學位論文

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