English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 91280/121421 (75%)
Visitors : 25419167      Online Users : 101
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/37291

    Title: 以非派生和派生之優選理論來分析臺灣閩南語仔前變調以及暱稱仔詞綴變調
    The pre-a1 tone change and hypocoristic -a2 suffix tone change in Taiwan southern min: a parallel and serial OT analysis
    Authors: 陳元翔
    Chen, Yuan-hsiang
    Contributors: 蕭宇超
    Hsiao, Yuchau E.
    Chen, Yuan-hsiang
    Keywords: 非派生優選理論
    Parallel OT
    Serial OT
    Taiwan Southern Min
    Pre-a1 tone change
    Hypocoristic -a2 suffix tone change
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2009-09-19 13:04:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本篇論文嘗試以非派生和派生兩種不同結構基礎的優選理論來分析臺灣閩南語仔前變調以及暱稱仔詞綴變調。非派生的優選理論認為聲調改變僅需一個步驟就可以完成。仔前和暱稱仔詞綴音節本身都有兩種讀法,不同的變異體可透過共同音韻模型 (Cophonological model) 下的次文法,也就是制約的重新排序來解釋。本篇研究認為調素傳替與否是仔前音節不同聲調的來源,透過 SHARE (t) 和 NOLONG (t) 兩種制約的排序,可以預測調素是否傳替。另外,透過 SHARE,NOLONG 和 TONAL MARKEDNESS 三種制約的互動和階層性的排序,可以預測暱稱仔詞綴的變調兩讀。派生優選理論則認為仔前和暱稱仔詞綴的聲調變化是一種階段性,而且是一種趨向最佳化的改變,亦即每一個步驟的輸出值都比上一個步驟的還來的優質,為仔前和暱稱仔詞綴變調提供另一個理論詮釋的觀點。在派生優選理論的框架下,仔前變調需要三個步驟,亦即一般變調、調域傳替以及調素傳替的有無。暱稱仔詞綴變調也是需要三個步驟,第一是沒有聲調徵性的聲調加插;第二是調域傳替或是低調域加插;第三是調素傳替或是低聲調徵性的加插。同樣的, 透過 SHARE (t) 和 NOLONG (t) 的排序,可以預測仔前音節的不同聲調。透過 SHARE,NOLONG,TONAL MARKEDNESS 和 REGISTER MARKEDNESS 的排序, 可以預測暱稱仔詞綴的不同聲調。
    This thesis attempts to analyze the pre-a1 tone change and hypocoristic -a2 suffix tone change in Taiwan Southern Min from the perspective of Optimality Theory and Harmonic Serialism, a derivational version of Classic OT. Classic OT, which implements parallelism, explicates the tone change phenomenon in one-step fashion. The two tonal variants of the pre-a1 and -a2 syllables can be accounted for through the constraint re-ranking in Cophonology Theory. The interaction between SHARE (t) and NOLONG (t) determines whether the terminal toneme will perform spreading in the pre-a1 tone change. In the -a2 suffix tone change, the interaction amongst SHARE, NOLONG and TONAL MARKEDNESS determines whether -a2 will receive a tone spread from the neighboring TBU or associate with a default L. Harmonic Serialism, which assumes harmonic improvement over the course of serial derivation, provides an alternative treatment for the pre-a1 tone change and -a2 suffix tone change. In Harmonic Serialism, the pre-a1 tonal alternation proceeds with three steps, viz. regular tone sandhi, register spreading and terminal toneme spreading. -a2 suffix tone change also requires three steps in terms of Harmonic Serialism, that is, featureless tone insertion in the first step; register spreading or low register insertion in the second step; and toneme spreading or low tonal feature insertion in the final step. Likewise, the ranking conditions between SHARE (t) and NOLONG (t) predict whether toneme will spread in the pre-a1 tone change. In the -a2 suffix tone change, the alternative rankings among SHARE, NOLONG, TONAL MARKEDNESS and REGISTER MARKEDNESS decide the application of tone spreading or default L insertion.
    Reference: BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Anttila, Arto. 1997. Deriving variation from grammar. Variation, Change and Phonological Theory, eds. by Frans Hinskens, et al, 35-68. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Anttila, Arto. 2000. Morphological conditioned phonological alternations. ROA-425.
    Baker, Adam. 2003. A formal definition of locality. ROA-614. 1-2.
    Bao, Zhiming. 1990. On the Nature of Tone. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
    Bao, Zhiming. 1999. The Structure of Tone. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bodmen, Nicholas C. 1955. Spoken Amoy Hokkien. Kuala Lumpur: Government, Federation of Malaya.
    Chao, Yuan-ren. 1968. A Grammar of Spoken Chinese. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Berkeley Press.
    Chen, Matthew Y. 1987. The syntax of Xiamen tone sandhi. Phonology Yearbook 4: 109-149.
    Chen, Matthew Y. 2000. Tone Sandhi: Patterns Across Chinese Dialects. Oxford University Press.
    Cheng, Robert L. 1973. Some notes on tone sandhi in Taiwanese. Linguistics 100: 5-25.
    Chomsky, Noam and Morris Halle. 1968. The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper and Row.
    Clements, George N. 1981. The hierarchical representation of tone features. Current Approaches to African Linguistics, ed. By I. R. Dihoff, 145-176. Dordrecht: Foris.
    De Lacy, Paul 1999. Tone and prominence. ROA-333.
    Duanmu, San. 1990. A Formal Study of Syllables, Tone, Stress and Domain in Chinese Languages. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
    Duanmu, San. 1994. Against contour tone units. Linguistic Inquiry 25: 555-608.
    Duanmu, San. 2000. The Phonology of Standard Chinese. Oxford University Press.
    Goldsmith, John A. 1976. Autosegmental Phonology. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
    Goldsmith, John A. 1990. Autosegmental and Metrical Phonology. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
    Huang, Shuanfan. 1988. Tai-wan-hua gou-ci lun [On Morphology in Taiwanese]. Xian-dai Tai-wan-hua Yan-jiu Lun-wen Ji [The Structure of Taiwanese: A Modern Synthesis], eds. by Robert L. Cheng and Shuanfan Huang, 121-144. Taipei: Crane.
    Hong, Wei-jen. 1985. Taiwan He-lao-yu Sheng-diao Yan-jiu [Research on Taiwanese Tones]. Taipei: zi li.
    Hong, Wei-jen. 1995. Min-nan-yu qing-sheng ji qi yu-fa, yu-yong fen-xi [Analysis of Southern Min neutral tone and its syntax and pragmatics]. Di-er-jiu Taiwan Yu-yan Guo-ji Yan-tao-hui [Selected Papers from the Second International Symposium on Languages in Taiwan], ed. by Shuanfan Huang, 465-483. Taipei: Crane.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 1991. Syntax, Rhythm and Tone: A Triangular Relationship. Taipei: Crane Publishing Co.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 1993. Taiwanese tone group revisited: a theory of residue. Paper for the Second International Conference on Chinese Linguistics. Paris, France.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 1995. Southern Min Tone Sandhi and Theories of Prosodic Phonology. Taipei: Student Book Co.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 2000. Taiwan Min-nan-yu zhi you-xuan bian-diao [Optimal Tone Sandhi in Taiwan Southern Min]. Han-xue Yan-jiu [Sinology Research] 18: 25-40.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 2004. Tone contraction two Chinese dialects. National Chengchi University. Manuscript.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 2005. Tone in syllable contraction. Linguistic Society of America Annual International Meeting.
    Hsiao, Yuchau E. 2009. Serial tone changes in adjective triplication: evidence from Taiwanese and Hakka. Paper for the Second Theoretical Phonology Conference.
    Hyman, Larry. 1993. Register tones and tonal geometry. The Phonology of Tone: The Representation of Tonal Register, eds. By H. van der Hulst and K. Snider, 75-108. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    Inkelas, Sharon. 1998. The theoretical status of morphologically conditioned phonology: a case study from dominance. Yearbook of Morphology, eds. by Geert Booij and Jaap van Marle, 121-155. Amsterdam: Springer.
    Inkelas, Sharon and Cheryl Zoll. 2005. Reduplication: Doubling in Morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Inkelas, Sharon and Cheryl Zoll. 2007. Is grammar dependence real? A comparison between cophonological and indexed constraint approaches to morphologically conditioned phonology. Linguistics 45: 133-171.
    Kager, René. 1999. Optimality Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Kahn, Daniel. 1976. Syllable-based Generalization in English Phonology. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
    Kenstowicz, Michael. 1994. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Cambridge: Blackwell.
    Lien, Chinfa. 1995. Taiwan Min-nan-yu ci-zhui -a de yan-jiu [Research on suffix -a in Taiwan Southern Min]. Di-er-jiu Taiwan Yu-yan Guo-ji Yan-tao-hui [Selected Papers from the Second International Symposium on Languages in Taiwan], ed. by Shuanfan Huang, 465-483. Taipei: Crane.
    Lin, Hui-shan. 2000. An Optimality Theoretic Approach to Tone Sandhi in Mandarin, in Taiwanese, and in Mandarin-Taiwanese Code-mixing. MA Thesis, National Chengchi University.
    Lin, Hui-shan. 2007. Aspects of Mandarin Neutral Tone. Taipei: Bookman.
    Lin, Yen-hwei. 1989. Autosegmental Treatment of Segmental Process in Chinese Phonology. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin.
    McCarthy John J. 2000. Harmonic serialism and parallelism. ed. by Masako Hirotani. Proceedings of the North East Linguistics Society 30. Amherst, MA: GLSA.
    McCarthy John J. 2003. OT constraints are categorical. Phonology 20: 75-138.
    McCarthy, John. J. 2004. Headed spans and autosegmental spreading. ROA-685. 1-35.
    McCarthy, John. J. 2008a. The gradual path to cluster simplification. Phonology 25: 271-319.
    McCarthy, John. J. 2008b. The serial interaction of stress and syncope. NLLT 26: 499-546.
    McCarthy, John. J. 2008c. Harmony in harmonic serialism. ROA-1009. 1-52.
    McCarthy, John J. and Alan Prince. 1994. The emergence of the unmarked: optimality in prosodic morphology. ROA-13.
    McCarthy, John J. and Alan Prince. 1995. Faithfulness and reduplicative identity. University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics UMOP 18, eds. by Jill Bechman et al., 249-384. Amherst Mass.: Graduate Linguistic Student Association.
    Myers, Scott. 1997. OCP effects in Optimality Theory. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 15.4: 847-892.
    Orgun, Cemil Orhan. 1996. Sign-based Morphology and Phonology: With Special Attention to Optimality Theory. Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
    Orgun, Cemil Orhan. 1998. Cyclic and noncyclic effects in a declarative grammar. Yearbook of Morphology, eds. by Geert Booij and Jaap van Marle, 179-218. Amsterdam: Springer.
    Orgun, Cemil Orhan. 1999. Sign-based morphology: a declarative theory of phonology-morphology interleaving. Derivational Residue in Phonological Optimality Theory, eds. by Ben Hermans and Marc van Oostendorp, 247-267. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Orgun, Cemil Orhan and Sharon Inkelas. 2002. Reconsidering bracket erasure. Yearbook of Morphology, eds. by Geert Booij and Jaap van Marle, 115-146. Amsterdam: Springer.
    Ou, Shu-chen. 1996. A Prosodic-theoretic Approach to Southern Min Special Tone Sandhi. MA Thesis, National Chengchi University.
    Ou, Shu-chen. 2000. Min-nan-yu dan-yin-jie xing-rong-ci chong-die yu bian-diao xian-xiang de wen-ti [Monosyllabic reduplicated adjective tone sandhi]. Sheng-yun Lun-cong [Chinese Phonology] 9: 781-807.
    Ou, Shu-chen and Yuchau E. Hsiao. 1995. Cong yun-lu yin-yun-xue kan Taiwan Min-nan-yu de qhing-sheng xian-xiang [Neutral tone sandhi in Southern Min: A prosodic approach]. Paper for the 4th Symposium on Chinese Phonology and the 13th Annual Conference of the Association of Chinese Phonology.
    Poser, William J. 1981. Some topics in non-linear phonology. MIT. Manuscript.
    Poser, William J. 1985. There is no domain size parameter. Glow Newsletter 14: 66-67.
    Prince, Alan S. and Paul Smolensky. 1993/2004. Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Shih, Hsiao-ping. 1997. An Autosegmental Approach to Jincheng Tonology. MA Thesis, National Chengchi University.
    Snider, Keith. 1990. Tonal upstep in Krachi: evidence for a register tier. Language 66: 453-474.
    Snider, Keith. 1999. The Geometry and Features of Tone. Dallas: SIL and University of Texas, Arlington.
    Steriade, Donca. 1987. Locality conditions and feature geometry. NELS 17: 595-617.
    Tsao, Feng-fu. 2006. Min-nan-yu zheng zai jin-xing zhong de qu-tong bian-hua: ‘-a’-qian bian-diao [Continuously assimilated alternation in Southern Min: pre-a tone sandhi]. Di-liu-jie Taiwan Yu-yan Ji Qi Jiao-xue Guo-ji Xue-shu Yan-tao Hui Lun-wen Ji [The Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Taiwan Languages and their Pedagogy], ed. by Xiang-wei Lin, 1-1-1-18. National Taipei University of Education.
    Tung, Zhao-hui. 1993. Min-nan-yu ren-cheng dai-ci zhi tiao-xing tiao-jian. [Contours of Southern Min pronouns]. Di-yi-jie Taiwan Yu-yan Guo-ji Yan-tao Hui Lun-wen [The Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Taiwan Languages]. National Taiwan Normal University.
    Wilson, Colin (2006). Unbounded spreading is myopic. Bloomington, IN: Phonology Fest 2006.
    [Available at http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/people/wilson/Myopia2006.pdf]
    Xu, Ji-dun. 1990. Tai-wan-yu Kai-luan [Introduction to Taiwanese]. Taipei: Foundation of the Study and Development of Taiwan Languages.
    Yang, Xiu-fang. 1991. Taiwan Min-nan-yu Yu-fa-gao [Gammar of Taiwan Southern Min in Manuscript]. Taipei: Da-an.
    Yip, Moira. 1980. The Tonal Phonology of Chinese. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
    Yip, Moira, 1989. Contour tones. Phonology 6: 149-174.
    Yip, Moira. 2002. Tone. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Zhang, Hongming. 1992. Topics in Chinese Phrasal Phonology. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, San Diego.
    Zhang, Jie. 2000. Phonetic duration effects on contour tone distribution. Proceedings of NELS 30, eds. by M. Hirotani et al., 775-785. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University.
    Zhang, Jie. 2001. The Effects of Duration and Sonority on Contour Tone Distribution—Typological Survey and Formal Analysis. Ph.D. Dissertation, UCLA.
    Zoll, Cheryl. 2003. Optimal tone mapping. Linguistic Inquiry 34: 225-268.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095555006
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    500601.pdf98KbAdobe PDF940View/Open
    500602.pdf167KbAdobe PDF1077View/Open
    500603.pdf65KbAdobe PDF960View/Open
    500604.pdf168KbAdobe PDF903View/Open
    500605.pdf187KbAdobe PDF1149View/Open
    500606.pdf69KbAdobe PDF917View/Open
    500607.pdf136KbAdobe PDF1234View/Open
    500608.pdf213KbAdobe PDF1039View/Open
    500609.pdf306KbAdobe PDF1016View/Open
    500610.pdf72KbAdobe PDF891View/Open
    500611.pdf76KbAdobe PDF1727View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback