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    Title: 國際化程度對銀行經營績效之影響—以台灣本地銀行為例
    Impacts of Internationalization on the Operational Performance of Taiwan-based Banks
    Authors: 張燕玉
    Contributors: 黃智聰
    張燕玉
    Keywords: 台灣
    國際化
    經營績效
    銀行國際化
    廠商特性
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2009-09-19 13:51:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著全球化的時代來臨,產業基於成本、市場、原物料供應以及追隨顧客等因素遂跨國經營,以追求利潤、提升競爭力或生存。銀行業也不例外,本文研究目的即在探討銀行國際化程度的高低對其經營績效的影響,並就相關文獻整理與資料蒐集彙整,研究台灣本地銀行赴海外設立營運據點的過程、背景,以探討銀行國際化程度對其績效之影響。在研究方法方面,本文針對2002年到2005年底全體本國銀行之國際化指標、廠商特性與其財務績效等變數進行研究,以多元迴歸模型計進行實證研究。國際化指標方面,以海外據點占總據點、海外營收佔總營收、海外資產占總資產及海外員工占總員工人數比等國際化變數加以衡量;廠商特性則以代表規模的資產與代表經驗的成立時間衡量;銀行績效則以資產報酬率(Return On Asset,ROA)與股東權益報酬率(Return On Equity,ROE)衡量。研究結果發現銀行海外據點比、海外資產比與國外員工比等國際化指標對銀行ROA、ROE均有顯著的正面影響;而ROA較ROE更為顯著,顯示銀行的國際化程度對其經營績效的確有正向影響。本研究結果應可提供銀行業經營策略之擬定與政府訂定相關政策與法規之參考。
    Reference: 一、 中文部分
    李逸庭(1994),《我國銀行業國際化因素之探討》。台北:國立台灣大學國際企業學系研究所碩士論文。
    余慈蕙(2005),《國際化和公司績效之關係:台灣企業實證研究》。台中:私立逢甲大學國際貿易學系研究所碩士論文。
    吳建良(2000),「資本適足率與逾期放款率對銀行財務績效之影響」,《台灣銀行季刊》,第五十六卷第二期,頁1-27。
    高淑萍(2001),《台灣上市公司國際化程度對經營績效暨風險影響之探討》。台北:國立台灣科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
    張修齊(2001),《大陸金融環境與競爭力評估》,台北:台灣金融研訓院。
    黃志典(1994),《我國銀行業國際化因素之探討》。台北:國立台灣大學國際企業學研究所碩士論文。
    喬友慶、于卓民與林月雲(2002),「國際化程度與產品差異化能力對廠商績效之影響–台灣大型製造廠商之實證研究」,《管理學報》,第十九卷第五期,頁811-842。
    二、政府出版品
    中央銀行金融業務檢查處(2001~2005),《本國銀行營運績效季報》,台北:中央銀行。
    中央銀行經濟研究處(2001~2005),《中華民國金融統計月報》,台北:中央銀行。
    行政院金融監督管理委員會銀行局統計室(2001~2005),《中華民國台灣地區基本金融資料》,台北:金管會銀行局。
    行政院金融監督管理委員會銀行局統計室(2001~2005),《金融業務統計輯要》,台北:金管會銀行局。
    三、英文部分
    Ayadi, O. Felix, Arinola O. Adebayo and Eddy Omolehinwa (1998), “Bank Performance Measurement in a Developing Economy: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis,” Managerial Finance, 24(7), 5.
    Aliber, Robert Z. (1976), “International Bank: A Survey,” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 16(25), 47-51.
    Annavarijula, M. and S. Beldona (2000), “Multinationality-Performance Relationship: A review and Reconceptualization,” The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 8(1), 48-67.
    Collins, J. Markham (1990), “A Market Performance Comparison of U.S. Firms Active in Domestic Developed and Developing Countries,” Journal of International Business Studies, 21(2), 271-87.
    Cho, Kang Rae (1986), “Determinants of Multinational Banks,” Management International Review, 26(1), 10-23.
    Daniel, John D. and Jeffrey Bracker (1989), “Profit Performance: Do Foreign Operations Make a Difference?” Management International Review, 29, 46-56.
    Delios, Andrew and Paul W. Beamish (1999), “Geographic Scope, Product Diversification, and the Corporate Performance of Japanese Firms,” Strategic Management Journal, 20(8), 711-727
    Deresky, Helen (1994), International Management: Managing Across Boarders and Cultures: New York: Haper Collins College Publisher.
    Gomes, Lenn and Kannan Ramaswamy (1999), “An Empirical Examination of the Form of the Relationship between Multinationality and Performance,” Journal of International Business Studies, 30(1), 173-188.
    Grant, Robert M. (1987), “Multinationality and Performance among British Manufacturing Companies,” Journal of International Business Studies, 18(3), 79-89
    Grant, Robert M., Azar P. Jammine, and Howard Thomas (1988), “ Diversity, Diversification, and Profitability Among British Manufacturing Companies, 1972-1984,” Academy of Management Journal, 31(4), 771-801.
    Grubel, Herbert G. (1977), Multinational Banking, In P. Erderwick (ed.) Multinational Severice Firms. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
    Hill, R. Carter, E. Griffiths William, and G. Judge George (2001), Undergraduate econometrics, Second Edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Hsiao, Cheng (1986), Analysis of Panel Data, Econometric Society Monographs, no. 11 Cambridge; New York and Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
    Leung, M. K. and T. Young(2002), “China’s Entry to the WTO: Managerial Implications for Foreign Banks,” Managerial and Decision Economics, 23(1), 1-8.
    Leung, M. K., T. Young, and D. Rigby (2003), “Explaining the Profitability of Foreign Banks in Shanghai,” Managerial and Decision Economics, 24(1), 15-24.
    Michel, Allen and Israel Shaked (1986), “Multinational Corporations vs. Domestic Corporations: Financial Performance and Characteristics,” Journal of International Business Studies, 17(3), 89-100.
    Miller, Stephen M. and Athanasios G. Noulas (1996), “The Technical Efficiency of Large Bank Production,” Journal of Banking and Finance, 20(3), 495-509.
    Olusoga, S. Ade (1993), “Marker Concentration Versus Marker Diversification and Internationalization: Implications for MNE Performance,” International Marketing Review, 10(2), 40-59.
    Phatak, Arvind (1990), “The Effects of Transborder Data Flow Restrictions on American Multinational Corporation,” Management International Review, 30(3), 267-290.
    Ramaswamy, Kannan (1995), “Multinationality, Configure, and Performance: A Study of Manes in the U.S. Drug and Pharmaceutical Industry,” Journal of International Management, 1(2), 231- 253.
    Sullivan, Daniel (1994), “Measuring the Degree of Internationalization of a Firm,” Journal of International Business Studies, 25(2), 325-342
    Sullivan, Daniel (1996), “Measuring the Degree of Internationalization of a Firm: A reply,” Journal of International Business Studies, 27(1), 179-192
    Thomas, Lioyd B. Jr. (1986), Money, Banking and Economic Activity, Third Edition, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 133-134.
    Vernon, Raymond (1966), “International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80, 190-207.
    United Nations (2005), “Transnational Corporations and the Internationalization of R&D,” World Investment Report 2005, 9., New York and Geneva: United Nations
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    行政管理碩士學程
    93921032
    94
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093921032
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[行政管理碩士學程(MEPA)] 學位論文

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