|題名: ||Workers' rights and the free trade agreement between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Republic of Nicaragua|
Liu, Mei Chun
|關鍵詞: ||Free Trade Agreement|
|上傳時間: ||2009-09-19 13:56:30 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||Supporters of free trade argue that one of its benefits is to increase wellbeing and enhance respect for workers’ rights. Nevertheless, this will not happen unless concrete requirements concerning such protection are inserted within the actual agreements. This thesis argues that trade agreements should include labor provisions that provide effective protection for core labor rights and that those rights are enforced by the Parties.
In the case of Taiwan, it has signed Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with Panama, Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras; but only in the FTA with Nicaragua, a Labor Chapter (No. 18) has been introduced in the accord. It follows the United States- Dominican Republic- Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) design, and the signatories agree to enforce their own domestic labor laws and reaffirm their commitment to the internationally recognized labor rights.
However, the language of the agreement is merely aspirational, directing Parties to strive to improve their laws, but providing no effective reward or sanction in this reward.
|參考文獻: || Agreement Between the United State of America and the Hashemite Kingdom Jordan on the Establishment of a Free Trade Area; signed in October 24, 2000.|
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