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    Title: 我國原住民電視台公共問責機制的研究與想像
    Other Titles: Imagining Accountability System for Taiwanese Indigenous Televison Station
    Authors: 王亞維
    Wang, Yae-Wei
    Contributors: 廣電學系
    Date: 2013-12
    Issue Date: 2010-04-07 17:43:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 我國原住民族電視台(以下簡稱原視)成立於 2005 年,由政府出資委由民間
    媒體經營,2007 年再依法轉交公共電視文化事業基金會(以下簡稱公視基金會)辦
    理,成為公共電視基金會的成員台之一。2009 年原住民族文化事業基金會(以下
    簡稱原文會)成立後,經過政治力積極介入下,2014 年開始取代公視基金會,成
    為原視的治理機構,自許為「自主營運」以有別於過去。

    在公共電視台(以下簡稱公視)之外,原視也為我國第二個以政府預算捐助的
    基金會所經營的電視媒體。雖然兩者營運經費均來自全體納稅人,但是公視有特別
    法《公共電視法》明確規範設置目地、董監事會的組成、權責並詳述財務來源與稽
    核、頻道定位、節目內容、獨立經營、電波配屬與觀眾申訴等,其目的為向公民社
    會負責,並具有法定的強制性。原視成立主要依據為《原住民族教育法》與《原住
    民族基本法》,但作為電視傳播媒體,其營運方式並無法律明文規定,未來如何對
    公民社會負責?又應該如何對族群負責?尤其媒體的獨立性與公共性並無法律加以
    保障,更為急迫的議題。

    本研究希望藉由檢視原視創設歷程與治理機構轉變中出現的問題,歸納出未
    來潛在的危機與挑戰,並參酌國外類似的原住民電視台經營理論與實踐的經驗,希
    望提出可能的經營建議與設計,期裨益原視永續經營並對族群與公民社會負責。
    The problem of privatization of public interests in the Taiwanese
    Indigenous Television Station (TITV) has become an increasingly serious
    issue and a challenge that the current indigenous/non-indigenous civil
    society has to face. Being a public media of minority, it has been suffered
    from the intervention steered by wrestles between political parties and
    government agency since its inauguration in 2005 and enrollment in 2007
    as a member of the local public broadcasting system (TBS).

    In recent years, both the ruling party and the opposition party tended
    to put their interests ahead of the public media and exerted intense
    political intervention towards TBS and TITV. In order to maintain their
    influence, the legislators from different party members increasingly
    pressed upon the performance of public media, infringing upon public
    interests and undermining the professionalism and independency that civil
    society has appealed for years. TITV was pushed to be separated from
    TBS mainly due to the force from the indigenous congressmen from
    ruling party. It has re-established as an independent broadcaster from
    January 1st 2014 without any concrete media related law to protect and
    regulate its performance, which makes TITV totally exposed to every
    possible harm ever since.

    It is extremely important to draw up a new indigenous media law
    and develop the sustainable operation modle for TITV at the same time.
    This research examines media accountability theory and its application
    among major indigenous broadcasters around the world, thus provide the
    infrastructure basis for the imagination and design of the indigenous
    media accountability mechanism in Taiwan.
    Relation: 廣播與電視, 37, 1-28
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[廣播電視學系] 期刊論文

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