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    Title: 普欽重新定位俄羅斯民營化政策之研究,2000-2007
    A Study on the Reoriention of Russia’s privatization under Putin, 2000-2007
    Authors: 侯明蓉
    Hou, Ming-Jung
    Contributors: 王定士
    wang, Ding-Shu
    侯明蓉
    Hou, Ming-Jung
    Keywords: 普欽
    葉里欽
    俄羅斯民營化
    金融寡頭
    金融工業集團
    Putin
    Yel’tsin
    Russia’s privatization
    financial oligarchs
    FIG.
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-04-09 14:48:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文採取改革-反改革循環研究途徑與克里姆林政治研究途徑,闡釋俄羅斯總統普欽重新定位民營化政策的驅動因素。
    2000年,普欽當選總統後,以迅雷不及掩耳的霹靂手段,徹底解構金融工業集團,並將業已民營化的大型企業,特別是能源企業,收歸國有;同時,以漸進的方式,逐步推動以中小企業為主的民營化。
    本論文認為,普欽重新定位俄羅斯民營化走向的主要目的在於,解構葉里欽勢力集團、拓展國際戰略空間、以及創造經濟改革條件;而這三項努力的終極目標,則在於掃除異己、改善經濟、攏絡民心、提升大國地位、從而鞏固個人政治權位。
    Applying reforms/counter-reforms cycle approach and kremlinological politics approach, the purpose of this study is aimed at exploring driving forces behind Russian president Putin’s efforts to reorient Russia’s privatization policy line.
    Immediately after his inauguration in 2000, Russian president, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, took quick and decisive steps to thoroughly undermine the financial industrial groups and renationalize those privatized big enterprises, especially, energy enterprises. At the same time, step by step, he pushed forward a new privatization policy line, concentrate on small and medium-sized enterprises.
    This author argues in this study that main driving forces behind Putin’s efforts to reorient Russia’s privatization policy line are identified as attempts to undermine the pro-Yel’tsin group, to develop international strategic maneuvering room, and, to create favorable conditions for economic reforms. This author contends that the ultimate aim of these efforts is to wipe out political rivals, to improve economic life in order to win support from the populace, to promote Russia’s status as a great power, and, eventually, to consolidate Putin’s personal power.

    Key wods: Putin, Yel’tsin, Russia’s privatization, financial oligarchs, FIG.
    Reference: 壹、中文文獻
    一、中文書籍
    日茲寧著,王海運、石澤譯。俄羅斯能源外交。北京:人民出版社,2006。
    王定士。俄羅斯對中國政策之內外在動因及其侷限,1992-2002。桃園:明耀圖書,2002。
    列烏斯基.亞歷山大.伊萬諾維奇(俄)、利美珣(中)主編。中國與俄羅斯:兩種改革道路。北京:清華大學,2004。
    米哈伊爾‧杰亞金(Михаи ДелягинН)著;金禹、項紅譯。後普欽時代:俄羅斯能避免橙綠色革命嗎?(Россия после Путина)。北京:社會科學文獻出版社,2006。
    胡逢瑛、吳非合著。蘇俄新聞傳播史論。台北:紅螞蟻圖書有限公司2006。
    許新主編。重塑超級大國-羅斯經濟改革和發展道路。南京:江蘇人出版社,2004。
    郭連成。俄羅斯經濟轉軌與轉軌時期經濟論。北京:商務印書館, 2005。
    陸南泉、姜長斌、徐葵、李靜杰等主編。蘇聯興亡史論。北京:人民出版社,2002。
    黃永鵬。社會轉型期的俄羅斯金融工業集團研究。北京:中國社會科學出版社,2006。
    «О приватизации государственного и муниципадьного имущества; N178-фз » (關於國家與市政財產民營化法),Президент России, http://document.kremlin.ru/doc.asp?ID=010557.
    « Оь оьороте земель сельскохозяйственного назгачения; N101-фз » (關於農業土地買賣法),Президент России, http://document.kremlin.ru/doc.asp?ID=013261.
    楚拜斯等合著;喬木森、馮育民、王貴香等合譯。俄羅斯式的私有化。北京:新華出版社,2004)。
    羅伊.麥德維杰夫著;王尊賢譯。普欽總統的第二任期。北京:社會科學文獻出版社,2007。
    二、中文期刊論文
    子光,「俄羅斯處在一種體制性危機中-俄羅斯經濟學家一席談」。當代世界 12(1995)。
    牛燕平,「俄羅斯繼續加快私有化進程」。西伯亞研究 22, 5(1995)。
    曲文軼,「蘇聯所有權制體制的歷史沿革」。東歐中亞研究 2(北京:2000)。
    李向玉,「俄羅斯小企業﹕機遇與挑戰並存」。當代世界 (Aug 2007)。
    李建民,「原蘇聯東歐國家的民營化及國有企業改革」。東歐中亞研究 (1995)。
    宮艷華,「俄羅斯中小企業的發展現況與經濟作用」。俄羅斯中亞東歐市場 10 (2003)。
    湯潤千,「論戈巴喬夫經濟改革的戰略性錯誤」:河北學刊 1 (1995)。
    馮舜華,「俄羅斯民營化新論」。東歐中亞研究 4(1996)。
    董志凱,「關于俄羅斯民營化的內涵、歷程、和某些具體措施」。北京經濟瞭望2(1995)。
    董曉陽,「從俄羅斯政治力量消長看普京的核心地位」。東歐亞研究 2(2001)。
    熊玉珍,「俄羅斯中小企業發展狀況及其對經濟改革的影響」。遼東學院學報 7, 3 (2005)。
    趙紅,「俄羅斯的民營化情況」。國際資料信息 2(1994)。
    三、中文媒體文獻
    「2007年俄羅斯將撥款建立技術園區」,俄羅斯新聞網。20060831,http://big5.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen/eluosi_caijing/20060831/41525040.html。
    「俄國經濟走上正軌」,貿發網,20001218, http://www.hktdc.com/report/top/top_010102.htm。
    「俄總理炮轟凍結股票事件 莫斯科政治鬥爭趨尖銳」,金羊網-新快報,2 Nov 2003,http://finance.tom.com/1001/1003/2003112-27581.html。
    「俄羅斯可能建立4至7個港口型經濟特區」,俄羅斯新聞網。20080204,http://big5.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen/eluosi_caijing/20080204/42033840.html
    「俄羅斯投資環境簡介」,經濟部投資業務處圖書室,2008.05, http://twbusiness.nat.gov.tw/pdf/Russia.pdf。
    「俄羅斯政府擴充2007年私有化企業名單」,俄羅斯新聞網,http://big5.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen/eluosi_caijing/20070502/41763753.html.。
    「俄羅斯國家杜馬通過簡化小企業稅收的法律」,中國社會科學院,20020701, http://www.cass.net.cn/file/200304166168.html。
    「俄羅斯第一個技術園區在聖彼得堡開始建設」,俄羅斯新聞網。20060418,http://big5.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen/eluosi_caijing/20060418/41436828.html。
    「首富被捕引發政治地政」,新浪潮,http://news.sina.com.cn/w/2003-11-05/09502071691.html,。2003。
    「恩師兩度辭職保首富留與不留難煞普京」,新華網,31 Oct 2003, http://news.21cn.com/world/guojisaomiao/2003/10/31/1323475.shtml。
    「國際觀察:普京兩次參加總統大選比較分析」,軍事網天地,人民網,20040304, http://mil.big5.anhuinews.com/system/2004/03/04/000581356.shtml。
    「普京的治國思想」,人民網,20041013, http://www.people.com.cn/BIG5/29999/2917389.html。
    「普京演講提出增加軍人收入 擴大中產階級」,大江網,20080213, http://newsbig5.jxnews.com.cn/system/2008/02/13/002676255.shtml。
    高梁, 「淺析普京政府的經濟改革政策」,光明網,2006年06月02日, http://view.news.qq.com/a/20080507/000034_1.htm
    貳、英文文獻
    一、英文書籍
    Appel, Hilary. A New capitalist order:Privatization & ideology in Russia & Eastern Europ. PA:University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004.
    Aslund, Anders. Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Blo. NY;, Spain; South Africa ;Australia; UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
    Aslund, Anders. How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and Centeral Asia. NY: Cambridge University, 2007.
    Aslund, Anders. Russia’s Capitalist revolution: Why market reform succeeded and democracy failed. MA: Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2007.
    Beesley, Michael; Stephen Littlechild. Privatization and ownership. London; New York: Lloyds Bank review, 1988.
    Blasi, Joseph R.; Maya Kroumova; Douglas Kruse. Kremlin Capitalism: The privatization of the Russian economy. Ithaca, New York; London: Cornell Univ. Press, 1997.
    Braddon, Derek; Deborah Foster. Privatization:Social Science Themes and Perspectives. England, USA: Dartmouth, 1996.
    Breslauer, George W.. Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders: Building Authority in Soviet Politics. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982.
    Goldman, Marshall I.. The piratization of Russia: Russian reform goes awry. London; New York: Routledge, 1st ed., 2003.
    Hare, Paul; Muravyev Alexander. Privatization in Russia, Russian-European Centre for Economic Policy. research paper series, August 2002.
    Herspring Dale R.. Putin’s Russia. UK: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.
    Hoffman, David E.. The Oligarchs:Wealth and Power in the New Russia. NY: Public Affairs, 2002.
    Jeffries, Ian, The New Russia:A Handbook of Economic and Political Developments. London,New York;, Canada: Routledge Curzon, 2002.
    Kokh, Alfred. The Selling of the Soviet Empire: Politics & Economics of Russia’s Privatization-Revelations of the Principal Insider. N.Y.: S.P.I. Books, 1998.
    Nelson, Lynnd; Irina Kuzes Y.. Property to the people: The struggle for radical economic reform in Russia New York; London; England: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1993.
    Parker, David. Privatisation in the European Union: Theory and policy perspectives. London; New York: Routledge, 1998.
    Remington, Thomas F.. Politics in Russia. New York; San Francisco; Boston: Pearson Longman, 3rd ed., 2003.
    Reynolds, Paul D.. SMEs: employment, innovation and growth: the Washington Workshop. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD documents, 1996.
    Rutland, Peter. “Military and Security.” in Dale R. Herspring Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain. Lanham; Boulder; New York; Toronto; Oxford: Rowma & Littlefield publishers, Inc., 2005.
    Shevtsova, Lilia. Putin’s Russia. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1st ed., 2003.
    Spulber, Nicolas. Russia’s Economic Transitions: From late Tsarism to the new millennium Cambridge:United Kingdom at theUniversity Press, Cambridge, 1st ed., 2003.
    二、英文期刊論文
    Appel, Hilary. “Voucher Privatisation in Russia: Structural consequences and Mass Response in the Second Period of Reform.” Europe-Asia Studies 49, 8 (1997).
    Boycko, Maxim; Andrei Shleifer; Robert Vishny. “Privatizing Russia.” Brookins Papers on Economic Activity 2 (1993).
    Chufrin, Gennady. “Russia’s economic and strategic interests in North-East Asia.” Asia Europe Journal (spring 2003).
    Goldman, Marshall I.. “Putin and the Oligarchs.” Foreign Affairs 83, 6 (Nov/Dec 2004): 33-44.
    Illarinov, Andrei. “A Long-Term project for Russia.” Russia in Global Affair 3, 3 (Jul-Sep 2005).
    Joskow, Paul L.; Richard Schmalensee; Natalia Tsukanova. “Competition Policy in Russia during and after privatization.” Brookins Papers: Microeconomics (1994).
    Kihlgren, Alessandro. “The Methodology Used by Russian Statistical Bodies to Analyse Small Business.” Post-Communist Economies, 16, 3, (Sep 2004).
    Ögütçü, Mehmet. “Attracting Foreign Direct Investment for Russia’s Modernization:Battling against the odds.” OECD: OECD-Russia Investment Roundtable, 19 June 2002, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    三、英文媒體文獻
    “End-User Petroleum Product Prices and Average Crude Oil Import Costs ,April 2008,” International Energy Agency, http://www.iea.org/textbase/stats/surveys/mps.pdf.
    “Nominal volume of GDP produced, Federal State Statistics Service,” http://www.gks.ru/bgd/free/b00_25/IssWWW.exe/Stg/dvvp/i000010r.htm.
    “The new SME definition User guide and model declaration,” European Commission, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/enterprise_policy/sme_definition/sme_user_guide.pdf.
    “Whither Russia Under Putin Ascendant?” The Harriman Institute, http://www.columbia.edu/cu/sipa/REGIONAL/HI/publications.html.
    What is Privatization? Reason foundation, Privatization org., http://www.privatization.org/database/whatisprivatization.html.
    Yegorov Igor, BISNIS Representative for Northwest Russia, Development of Small and Medium Enterprises in Russia, Nov.2001, http://www.russiancouncil.org/reports/Hell1.htm.
    Yukos Oil Company, http://www.yukos.com/About_us/History.asp.檢索日期, 20071106.
    參、 俄文文獻
    一、俄文書籍
    Зенькович, Николай. Путинская энциклопедия.
    Кох, Альфред Р.. «Приватизация в России: экономика и политика» [Alfred R. Kokh, Privatizatsiya v Rossii: Ekonomika i Politika; 俄羅斯民營化的經濟與政治];英譯版:Alfred Kokh, The selling of the Soviet Empire:Politics & Economics of Russia's Privatization—Revelations of the Principal Insider (New York: S.P.I. Books, 1998).
    Рязанов, Виктор Тимофеевич (Victor Timofeevich Rjazanov). Экономическое развитие России, XIX-XX вв. [十九至二十世紀俄羅斯經濟發展] Санкт-петербург: «Наука», 1998.
    Чубайс, А.; М. Бойко; Д. Васильев; А. Евтафьев; А. Казаков; А. Кох; П. Мостовой; фвторы. Привaтизация по-российски. Москва: Издательства «ВАГРИУС», 1999.
    二、俄文原始文獻
    «Биография Альфреда Коха: капитан запаса и киберэкономист», [Biografiya Al’freda Kokha: kapitan zapasa i kiberekonomist; [阿爾弗列德生平:後備大尉與數位經濟學者] Тема дня, http://www.temadnya.ru/spravka/04apr2001/395.html.
    «Евстафьев Аркадий»,
    «О государственной поддержке малого предпринимательства в Российской Федерации; N88-фз » (俄羅斯聯邦國家推動小企業法),Президент России, http://document.kremlin.ru/doc.asp?ID=077401.
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Аппарат», РСПП, http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=1069
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Бюро Правления», РСПП, http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=373.
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Контрольно-ревизионная комиссия», РСПП, http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=1068.
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Правление», РСПП,http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=371.
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Президент,” РСПП», http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=1057.
    «Российский союз промышленников и предпринимателей-Съезд,” РСПП», http://www.rspp.ru/Default.aspx?CatalogId=1062.
    «Стенографический отчет о пресс-конференции для российских и иностранных журналистов, 1.02.2007 четверг Москва, Кремль, Круглый зал»(2007年2月1日星期四莫斯科克里姆林宮圓廰招待俄羅斯與外國記者會議紀錄),Президент России, 20070201, http://www.kremlin.ru/appears/2007/02/01/1219_type63380type63381type82634_117588.shtml.
    «Федеральный Зокон от 29.07.2004 N 95-ФЗ: О Внесении изменений в части первую и вторую налогового кодекса Российской Федерации и признании утратившими силу некоторых законодательных актов (положений законодательных актов) Российской Федерации о налогах и сборах», Президент России, http://document.kremlin.ru/doc.asp?ID=23757&PSC=1&PT=3&Page=1.39.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    俄羅斯研究所
    91263012
    96
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0912630122
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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