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Discourse Structure Markers of TV News in Taiwan
|Issue Date: ||2010-04-09 15:55:48 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||本文主要探討台灣電視新聞的言談結構(discourse structure)，以及標示各單位的言談標記(discourse marker)。本研究分析25則電視新聞，文類限定於社會新聞。首先，在結構上，每一則新聞包含兩大結構︰導語(news kernel)以及旁白與影片(news body)。兩大結構又可細分為七個較小的單位，分別為︰開場白 (opening)、摘要 (abstract of the news)、事件現場畫面 (event scene presentation)、主要新聞事件 (main news events)、後續發展 (follow-up)、評語 (evaluation)、結尾 (routine ending)。而這七個單位還可再細分為更小的單位。此外，本文所探討的言談標記可分為五類︰1. 指涉詞 (referential forms) 2. 連詞 (connectives) 3. 地方副詞 (locative phrase) 4. 話題轉換填充詞 (topic shift fillers) 5. 畫面轉換 (shot shift)。是故，本文研究重點有二︰1.將新聞結構分為三個階層—Level 1、Level 2、Level 3，並探討出現於不同階層的言談標記在類型與數量上是否反映出階層 (hierarchy)？ 2. 標示各個結構的言談標記為何？|
研究結果指出︰1. 三個階層的言談標記在類型上除了Level 1固定有畫面轉換之外，其餘兩個階層皆無固定的言談標記。另外，在數量上僅Level 1可同時出現多個言談標記，Level 2與Level 3在數量上並無差異，顯示出電視新聞為口說語(spoken language)的一種，訊息與訊息之間的連結性比表現出文體結構階層性更為重要 2. 標示各單位的言談標記並無一致性。受到各單位特性影響，言談標記呈現不同的分佈。
The present study examines twenty five pieces of broadcast news about crimes and damages in Taiwan. The purpose is to examine the relationship between the discourse structures and their corresponding markers. The discourse structure of a piece of broadcast news is divided into seven components and they are categorized into three levels. Level 1 includes news kernel and news body. Level 2 includes abstract in news kernel, main news events, follow-ups, evaluation, and routine ending in news body. Level 3 contains the smaller units in the Level 2 units.
The boundary markers to be examined are divided into four categories: topic shift filler, referential forms, connectives, and shot shift.
The present study has two major findings. First, the amounts of markers only show significant difference in Level 1. Down to Level 2 and Level 3, linearity overrides hierarchy. Second, the types of markers are decided by the nature of each unit. The opening is always marked by shot shift and speaker shift plus topic shift fillers/temporals/additives. The abstract section is marked by locative phrase plus referential forms. The event scene presentation section is marked by shot shift and speaker shift plus referential forms. The main news events section is marked by shot shift plus temporals which signal the exact time. Then, the follow-up section is marked by shot shift plus referential forms/connectives. The evaluation section is marked by shot shift plus referential forms. The routine ending section is marked by a relatively longer pause.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094555006|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[語言學研究所] 學位論文|
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