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    題名: 台灣生育政策之研究
    The Study of Fertility Policy in Taiwan
    作者: 易雅如
    Yi, Ya Ju
    貢獻者: 黃仁德
    Hwang, Jen Te
    易雅如
    Yi, Ya Ju
    關鍵詞: 生育政策
    總生育率
    Fertility policy
    Total fertility rate
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-04-09 18:24:42 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 這篇論文的目的在理論的探討及生育政策的轉變的基礎之下,了解文化、社會、經濟和生育之間的關係、台灣政府在生育方面的政策所扮演的角色及這些政策對台灣人口所造成的影響。由法國、德國、英國、美國及日本的經驗,我們可以知道生育政策在人口變遷扮演了一個非重要的角色,而這些成功或失敗的政策可成為政府將來制定相關政策時的參考。
    The purpose of this master thesis “The Study of Fertility Policy in Taiwan” is to examine the relation between culture, society, economy and fertility based upon theories and to introduce the transition of fertility policy, the role of the Taiwan government in influencing and regulating childbearing and assess the demographic impacts of population. Based on the experience of France, Germany, United Kingdom, United States and Japan, fertility policies play an important role in demographic transition and may provide a window into Taiwan’s future development.
    This study finds that low fertility is a widespread phenomenon in Taiwan and is expected to continue in the foreseeable future. Government policies, as in the cases of France and The United States, are effective in combating low fertility. France is a pioneer in providing financial rewards and services to families and children while minorities and immigration have contributed to increased fertility rates in United States. Without national subsidies and affordable childcare, Taiwan’s fertility policies have failed to maintain a replacement rate since 1983.
    Judging from policies and practices in advanced countries, Taiwan’s governments should foster a supportive working environment for women and families when they are having or raising children. Specifically, whether Taiwan’s birth rate can be pushed up will depend on measures that offer flexible work schedules, better subsidies for maternity leave, and affordable, high-quality day-care services for career women. Meanwhile, the government should also modulate the education system and redistribute education resources, re-evaluate the relationship between population and sustainable development, better utilize the ageing labor force and strengthen lifelong-learning for older workers.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    臺灣研究英語碩士學程
    94924010
    96
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094924010
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[台灣研究英語碩士學程(IMTS)] 學位論文

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