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    政大機構典藏 > 傳播學院 > 新聞學系 > 會議論文 >  Item 140.119/40386


    请使用永久网址来引用或连结此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/40386


    题名: 傳播學門正當性問題:傳播學如何教─以新聞採寫為例
    其它题名: On Pedagogical Problems of the News Reporting & Writing Course
    作者: 臧國仁
    Tsang, Kuo-Jen
    贡献者: 中華傳播學會
    國立政治大學新聞學系
    关键词: 傳播學門;新聞採寫
    分類;新聞採寫;新聞教育;專家知識
    categorization;news reporting;news writing;pedagogy
    日期: 1999-05
    上传时间: 2010-05-31 14:53:54 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 延續過去有關「傳播教育正當性」的討論,本文以新聞採寫課為例,試圖勾勒與現有教學方式不同的思考模式。作者首先分析國內外十二本採寫教科書,發現內容多以「寫作」為主,且以新聞流程為主要鋪陳方式,章節安排均係按照新聞工作的實施過程為參考對象,因而缺少抽象思考層次,無法提升理論意涵。

    本文則以認知心理學中的「分類」觀點重新安排,依新聞報導的功能將採訪寫作分別組合為有層次、有研究背景的變項,強調即使像是「採訪寫作」如此含有「實務」性質的課程,仍舊能夠依照理論建構方式組合教學內容,使其成為具有知識內涵之教學課程。

    至於課程內容「如何教」,本文次則建議將「做中學」的方式概念化,參考其他學門之經驗,由理論出發,轉化知識成為學習者的「程序性知識」。
    Following our earlier discussion on the legitimacy problem of the communication studies in Taiwan, we now turn our attention to the pedagogical problems associated with the teaching models in the journalism discipline. In this paper we proposed to examine how the course of news reporting and editing was taught and whether the teaching needed to be reshuffled.

    We first chose 12 textbooks on the subject of news reporting and editing, published both in Chinese and in English, and used them as our shooting target. We analyzed the contents of these textbooks and found they, generally speaking, contained a pretty much similar pattern. For example, they all included topics such as "what is news," "what is news value," "how to write a lead," "what is the structure of a news story," etc. In other words, from the analysis of these highly used textbooks in the schools of journalism we may generalized that the teaching of news reporting and editing has been practically oriented and therefore lacks theoretical or abstract meanings.

    If this picture is true across all the schools of journalism, then no wonder some people in the academic world have been busy on criticizing that the discipline should be re-structured if it still hopes to stay in university to be qualified as part of the "intellectual world."

    A new method of teaching news reporting and writing was then proposed in this paper and later I also discussed the ways to integrate theoretical thinking in the practical learning. Finally, this paper argues that it is important for the journalism teachers to realize that the discipline does not have to be professionally oriented because there have been many research literature available in other areas which may be useful for our teaching.
    關聯: 中華傳播學會1999年會專題討論
    数据类型: conference
    显示于类别:[新聞學系] 會議論文

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