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|Other Titles: ||An Empirical Investigation of Impacts of the Imputation Tax System on Corporate Dividend Payouts|
Wang, Jui-Chih;Chen, Ming-Chin
|Keywords: ||兩稅合一;稅額扣抵比率;現金股利;股票股利;Imputation tax system;Imputation tax credit ratios;Cash dividend;Stock dividend|
|Issue Date: ||2010-09-16 16:00:05 (UTC+8)|
This study examines the impact of the imputation tax system on corporate dividend payouts by using 1995-2000 financial statement data of listed companies. Before 1998, corporate dividends in Taiwan were subject to double taxation, one is profit-seeking enterprise income tax when companies have earnings, the other is individual income tax when corporate earnings are distributed to shareholders. The double taxation on dividends was notoriously criticized for it distorted corporate dividend policy and increased tax burdens on investment.
In 1998, in order to ease the double taxation on dividends, Taiwan implemented the imputation tax system, allowing income taxes paid by corporations to offsets their shareholders’ individual income taxes on dividends. We predict that under the imputation tax system, companies will increase dividend payouts and the increased dividend payouts are positively related with corporate imputation tax credit ratios on dividends, ceteris paribus.
Our analyses indicate that cash dividend payout ratios increase significantly after implementation of the imputation tax system. However, the increases in cash dividends are likely, in part, influenced by the promotion of a balanced dividend policy by the SEC. Conversely, stock dividend payout ratios decrease significantly after implementation of the imputation tax system, possibly due to the cancellation of tax deferral on corporate stock dividends. The empirical results show that ceteris paribus, imputation tax credit ratios are positively related with total dividends payout ratios. Further, companies with higher imputation tax credit ratios tend to increase their total dividend payouts, both cash dividends and stock dividends, after initiation of the imputation tax system. The findings of this study suggest that the imputation tax credit provides an incentive for companies to increase their dividend payouts and thus may relieve the tax-induced distortion in corporate dividend policy under the traditional income tax system.
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[會計學系] 期刊論文|
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