本研究旨在以電腦化生理回饋系統驗證靜坐/冥想訓練對兒童之生理反應及注意力之影響。具體而言，本研究欲瞭解：(1)靜坐訓練對兒童生理反應之影響。(2)靜坐訓練對兒童注意力之影響。本研究採2（靜坐組-控制組）*2（前測-後測）二因子混合設計，以瞭解靜坐組與控制組在前-後測上之各依變項的差異情形。依變項為：(1)生理反應，包括腦波、膚電。(2)注意力。本研究之受試為44名國小五、六年級的學生，承法鼓山協助，靜坐組施予四天三夜的靜坐訓練，控制組則否，兩組人數各半。本研究之工具：一是電腦化生理回饋系統，用以測量生理反應；二是「台大注意力測驗」，用以測量注意力。本研究發現：經訓練後，在生理反應上，靜坐組之腦波與控制組有部分不同，且膚電反應顯著下降；在注意力上，靜坐組與控制組的後測注意力進步程度並無顯著差異。但，將原始的受試分成高注意組與低注意組進一步進行分析，結果發現：高注意組中，靜坐組的後測注意力進步程度顯著高於控制組；但在低注意組中，靜坐組與控制組的後測進步程度沒有顯著差異。 The purposes of this study are stated as follows: 1. to learn physiological reaction in meditation practice. 2. to learn the effect of meditation on child's attention. The study would be 2 (mediator v.s. non-meditator) * 2(pretest vs. posttest) mixed design. The dependent variables would be 1. physiological reactions, e.g., EEG, skin conductance. 2. attention. Subjects are forty-four 4-grade students, which are divided evenly into a meditator group and non-meditator group. The meditator group would attend a 4-day intensive meditation practice. The nonmeditator group, as a control group, did not receive any training. The instruments used in this study are : 1. computerized bio-feedback system, which is used to measure physical reaction. 2. NTU attention test , which is used to measure attention. It was found that after meditation training, the meditation group shows:1. partly different in EEG from control group. 2. significantly low skin conductance than control group. 3. no difference in a attention test from control group. However, in further analysis that separated all subjects into highattention group and low-attention group by their pre-test scores in the attention test. It shows that : 1. in high-attention group, after meditation practice, the meditator-group has significant improvement in their attention ability than the control-group. 2. in lowattention group, there is no significant difference between the meditator group and non-meditator group after meditation.