This study investigated the effects of individualistic and collectivist cultures (represented by U.S. and Chinese nationals residing in Taiwan, respectively) on individuals' decisions in a team-based work setting. The findings of a laboratory experiment indicated that only the U.S. subjects chose more team-based performance measures when they perceived a higher level of task interdependence. Holding constant the level of perceived task interdependence, the U.S. subjects selected more team-based performance measures compared to their Chinese counterparts, contrary to expectations. Holding constant both the performance measure and perceived task interdependence, the U.S. subjects made greater self sacrifices in favour of the team, again contrary to what was expected. Further analysis of subjects' responses revealed that the U.S. subjects were more concerned than Chinese subjects about their own and their teammates' individualistic tendencies. Therefore, they selected performance measures that restricted them and their co-workers and made resource expenditure decisions that promoted team-oriented behaviour.